7744Re: [textualcriticism] Re: p73--Byzantine, or just original?
- Mar 20, 2013Hi,
Category V, by definition, contains "Manuscripts with a purely or predominantly Byzantine text." A Byzantine (fka 'Antiochian') text, by definition, contains readings without any support in 'Neutral' or 'Western' manuscripts.
Not from Aland:
The text of the New Testament: an introduction to the critical editions and to the theory and practice of modern textual criticism, 1995
Kurt and Barbara Aland
Actually there is no such thing as a "neutral" text of the New Testament. (p. 14)
If you change it to Alexandrian, then you would be talking about that rarity:
"distinctively Byzantine" or
"distinctively Syrian" readings.
However this involves some convoluted writing from Westcott and Hort than really has never been unpacked into a sensible presentation. And was particularly mangled by Kenyon. And I do not think Aland uses the phrase in any form, although he likes the weird Byzantine Imperial text type, a crafty method of poisoning the well of textual analysis. However, since Aland does not consider these 1200+ cursives as having any "significance for textual criticism" (p. 163) one can understand his Hortian approach to phrases and constructs that support his perceived insignificance.
In fact, I would be interested in the full section where Aland talks of "...together with omitting the witness of uncials with a purely Byzantine text " (p. 36). It sounds like he is so adverse to Byzantine readings that he would like to omit even having to deal with Byzantine uncials!
As for P73, in 1995, it was described as "still unedited".
The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research Essays on the Status Quaestionis (1995)
The Papyrus Manuscripts of the New Testament
Eldon Jay Epp
(A fifth Bodmer papyrus. P73. also of the 7th century, contains only three verses of Matthew and is still unedited.)
Indeed, to add to Dirk's comment, Barbara Aland and Klaus Wachtel now consider that particular classification system to be "obsolete" (Aland and Wachtel, "The Greek Minuscules, etc.", in Ehrman and Holmes, The Text of the NT, 2nd ed., p. 77).
Could you supply the whole quote. The year is 1995, right?
In the Text of the NT, 1995, the translation of Der Text de Neuen Testaments, Aland made a whole presentation of his classification system as a supposed improvement. If they already considered their 1981 system as obsolete, then why keep republishing?
Daniel Buck wrote:
> The wikipedia article for p73 states, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papyrus_73 > "The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, but text is too brief for certainty. Aland placed it in Category V." The Greek text of p73 in fact consists of about ten clearly identifiable letters and another seven that appear to match what would be expected in the adjacent text of Matthew 25:43-44 and 26:2-3. Although there are textual variants just on either side of these excerpts (there's an h.t. later in v. 3 that would show up if we had even one more line fragment of identifiable text), there are none in the running text that could be determined even by letter-count. So there is absolutely no evidence of any distinctly Byzantine reading in this seventh-century papyrus. By assigning it to Category V, Aland was virtually admitting that the Byzantine text was original.
Jeff Cate, Just curious... why would assigning P73 to Category V be an indication that Byz was "original"? The Alands date P73 to the VII century. They date some Cat V uncials earlier than that (026, 061, 022, 023, 024, 027, 042, 043, 064, 065, 0246, 0253, 0265?)... but none before the V century.
Inasmuch as the text of p73 contains no such readings, it is not Byzantine. Call it Byzantine, and you are identifying Byzantine with the Ausgangstext.
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