7519More About Asterius of Amasea
- Oct 1, 2012Here's some additional info about Asterius of Amasea.
Back in 1970, C. Datema's critical edition of Homilies 1-14 of Asterius of Amasea (in north-central Turkey), a Greek-writing contemporary of Jerome, was published by E. J. Brill. It includes an introduction, the texts, notes, and a summary of each homily. This book also has lots and lots of indices; pages 250-366 are all filled with indices! No English translation, though.
The "Index of Biblical Places" at the very end is a list of Scripture-passages specifically cited by Asterius of Amasea certainly not every allusion or utilization, but "Only the literal quotations." They include the following:
In the Gospels:
Mt. 3:9, Mt. 4:4, Mt. 5:3, Mt. 5:16, Mt. 5:19, Mt. 5:28, Mt. 7:1, Mt. 10:32, Mt. 11:28, Mt. 14:28, Mt. 15:27 [not 15:17], Mt. 16:16 (five times), Mt. 16:18, Mt. 19:3, Mt. 19:6, Mt. 23:37, Mt. 24:31, Mt. 25:34, Mt. 27:24, Lk. 10:19, Lk. 12:18-19, Lk. 16:2, Lk. 16:3, Lk. 16:4, Lk. 16:19, Lk. 16:20, Lk. 16:22, Lk. 16:24, Lk. 24:25, Jn. 1:9, Jn. 4:14, Jn. 8:58, Jn. 14:12, Jn. 21:15 (twice).
Acts 2:14, Acts 5:15, Acts 6:8-9, Acts 7:2, Acts 7:51, Acts 7:56, Acts 7:59, Acts 7:60, Acts 9:1, Acts 9:2, Acts 9:3, Acts 9:4, Acts 9:5, Acts 9:15 (twice), Acts 26:14,
Rom. 1:1, Rom. 7:24, Rom. 13:12, I Cor. 2:2, I Cor. 3:11, I Cor. 7:31, I Cor. 15:41, I Cor. 15:50, I Cor. 15:52, II Cor. 3:17, II Cor. 4:7, II Cor. 6:10, II Cor. 11:23, II Cor. 13:3, Gal. 2:19, Philip. 1:23, Philip. 3:14, Philip. 3:19, Philip. 4:8, Heb. 3:1, Heb. 12:2, Heb. 13:4.
If you ever use this index to look for the references, realize first that in the references (which look like "XII, 5, 2") the Roman numeral refers to the homily; the second number refers to paragraph, and the third number refers to sentence (/not/ to line).
There are additional, non-literal, utilizations of other passages noted in the lower page-margins (where the references are given by line). These include (but are not limited to) Mt. 3:17, Mt. 6:20, Mt. 6:34, Mt. 7:3-4, Mt. 9:9, Mt. 13:55, Mt. 14:3, Mt. 16:17, Mt. 17:5, Mt. 19:21, Mk. 3:17, Lk. 13:6, Lk. 18:11, Jn. 6:9, Jn. 9:7, Acts 18:1-8, II Cor. 8:9, Philip. 3:19, I Tim. 2:9-10, I Tim. 6:10, and I Pet. 2:6.
Asterius of Amasea's first homily, and the brief 11th Homily, "The Ecphrasis of Euphemia's Martyrdom," are slightly historically significant because they were read at the Second Council of Nicea (787).
A few points in passing:
Mt. 5:19b is utilized (in Hom. 9:1), without "in the kingdom of heaven," but this is because of the author's brevity.
Mt. 14:28 is utilized (in Hom. 8:10): . . . KELEUSON ME ELQEIN PROS SE EPI TA UDATA. [Word-order variant here]
Mt. 15:27b is utilized (in Hom. 1:6) without GAR, but this could be just because the full verse is not quoted (although the last part is used precisely).
Mt. 24:31 is utilized (in Hom. 14:16) with FWNHS (a reading attested by Maj B f13 33 sah). And without TWN near the end. The quotation is not ambiguous: DIDASKEI DE KAI AUTOS O QEOS HMWN KAI SWTHR EN EUAGGELIOIS LEGWN, KAI APOSTELEI TOUS AGGELOUS AUTOU META SALPIGGOS FWNHS MEGALHS KAI EPISUNAXOUSI TOUS EKLEKTOUS AUTOU EK TWN TESSARWN ANEMWN AP' AKRWN OURANWN EWS AKRWN AUTWN.
Mt. 27:24 is utilized (in Hom. 6:6) AQWOS EIMI APO TOU AIMATOS TAHTHS. It's an incomplete utilization but it appears to support TOUTOU and not TOU DIKAIOU.
Acts 2:14 is utilized (in Hom. 8:6) with APANTES at the end [instead of PANTES].
Acts 9:3 is utilized (in Hom. 8:22) with FWS EK [not APO] TOU OURANOU.
Datema sees a utilization of Acts 9:4b in Hom. 8:19, but it is probably Acts 26:14 SAULE, SAULE, TI ME DIWKEIS; SKLHRON SOI PROS KENTRA LAKTIZEIN.
Romans 1:1 is utilized (in Hom. 8:21) with PAULOS DOULOS IHSOU CRISTOU [not CRISTOU IHSOU].
I Cor. 15:50 is utilized (in Hom. 8:2) with SARX KAI AIMA BASILEIAN QEOU OU KLHRONOMHSOUSIN. [agreeing with F G a]
II Cor. 3:17b is utilized (in Hom. 6:6) OU GAR TO PNEUMA KURIOU, ELEUQERIA. [without EKEI]
Yours in Christ,
James Snapp, Jr.
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