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Spiral Reactance Phasing Tests Show Balance Problems.

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  • Harvey D Norris
    In the first round of placing the 4 layer bifilar return wind spirals in mutual inductance, by allowing them to be sourced from different delta phases, and
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 19, 2004
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      In the first round of placing the 4 layer bifilar return wind
      spirals in mutual inductance, by allowing them to be sourced from
      different delta phases, and then to be placed adjacent to each other
      shows a mish mash of confusion, similar to the problems faced when
      making the DSR's from .15 henry groups of 12.5 ohms of 14 gauge wire.

      The only thing that seems to be corroborated is the making of a 180
      phase angle from one at 120 degrees reactance wise. This in turn
      however causes each low impedance branch to loose over half its
      impedance, which at these low values of .6 ohms for the 4 layer
      spirals causes them to drop the stator voltage input somewhat
      dramatically.

      The return layer/bifilar central layer spirals are constructed in the
      following manner. The bottom winding is clockwise and the start of
      the circuit comes from the outside clockwise winding and the inner
      wind completion of the first layer is then routed back to the next
      clockwise wind on the outside. For the use of the RS megacable
      speaker wire we always have two adjacent winds wound in the same
      direction. On the third winding the new megacable set is layed on the
      previous coil oppositely so that a clockwise direction of current
      will now be from the inside out, instead of the former direction of a
      clockwise current from the outside in. Thus the first routing
      connection from the bottom layer to the second is a return wire
      arrangement, but the next connection to the new spiral set is an
      inside wind to inside wind connection. Thus only the middle layer
      between winds two and three is actually bifilar with respect to each
      other. The third connection between the 4 spirals is another return
      wire connection to the inside lead, so in this connection sheme we
      have two return wire connections and only one bifilar. A different
      wiring scheme would make all three inner layers bifilar to one
      another, using inner wind connections between oppositely wound
      spirals 1 and 3, and outer wind connections between opposite spirals
      2 and 3, finishishing with an inner wind connection between 2 and 4,
      so that the outside connections become the two outside connections of
      1 and 4 windings. This set up has not yet been tried, and will be
      refered to as the 3 layer bifilar, where this set up is only a single
      layer bifilar, because of the presence of two return layer windings.
      If all the spirals were in the same wound directions, all of the
      connections would be reurn layer connections with opposite inner to
      outer connections in series. Bifilar is only used in the distinction
      of making the magnetic field in unison where oppositely wound
      conduction paths are used.
      Quite a bit of stator voltage fluxation takes place with these
      low ohmic loads. A 20 volt field variac setting, (employing 4 fold
      step down and rectification to DC field) enabled ~ a 14.6 volt open
      stator voltage. The 4 layer single bifilar initally showed a drop to
      11.4 volts yeilding 1.56 A, (Z= 7.3 ohms) to a reading about two
      minutes later where the stator voltage gradually increased to 13.3
      volts yeilding 1.74 A (Z= 7.6 ohms) The parametric no field readings
      showed a 2 volt stator lowered to 1.7 volts yeilding .19 A (Z= 8.9
      ohms) The differences between parametric and real current operations
      are now noted, so that the future practice will become to note both
      possibilities. The remainder of the tests are most all parametric
      tests. I do not know why these deviances of values appear to be
      present.

      Now a second 4 layer single bifilar is placed on top of its identical
      partner, and driven 120 out of phase in delta. The addition of a
      second phase of current draw causes the stator voltage to drop from
      its former value of 1.7 volts down to 1.37 volts. The former practice
      of noting stator line M as the one serving two phases is used. Stator
      line 1 to stator line M is phase 1's delivery, and likewise the
      current between stator line M and stator line 3 denotes phase 2's
      current. The lines now read;
      1.37 volts enabling
      1; .35 A, Z= 3.91 ohms
      M; .71 A
      3; .335 A, Z = 4.09 ohms

      We can see that because stator line M contains ~ the sum of the phase
      currents, that indeed a reactive angle that is supposed to 120
      degrees has been converted to one near 180 degrees, and that the
      mutual induction between the spiral sets has caused their reactance
      values to be cut in half. This may be undesirable for RCB schemes,
      because now those Q factors should also be cut in half. We would wish
      that the lower ohmic values appear with more inductance, not less in
      this situation. The normal procedure for making that a possibilty
      would be to reverse the enter/ exit lines of phase 2. This is when
      some of the crazy unbalanced readings start to occur.

      Phase 2 connections reversed/ the parametric stator voltage rises
      back up to 1.57 volts, enabling

      1; .25 A Z = 6.28
      M; .22 A
      3 .344 A Z= 4.56

      This seemed incorrect so it was tested with a 16 volt variac,
      enabling 7.3 stator volts, where
      1; 1.19 A Z = 6.13
      M; 1.33 A
      3: 1.64 A Z = 4.45

      Thus the reactive mutual induction can be used to make the fields
      appear in opposition,(according to how Lenz law would make them act)
      but it cannot be used to convert the 120 degree phase angle to a zero
      degree unity phase angle by simply reversing one of the winding
      directions. This is bad news for making resonant rise of voltage
      schemes with DSR interactions, but these are only reactive tests, not
      resonant ones. But logically we must base the capacity to resonate on
      those tests, so things dont look good here.

      Next a third 4 layer spiral was added, and was wired identical to
      phase 1. This is an overall magnetic unity reactive scheme, ( or at
      least we hypothesise so...)

      The parametric stator voltage dropped to 1.4 volts with the
      application of all 3 phases
      1; .77A
      M; .19 A
      3; .97 A

      Since I have not yet hooked up the individual phase amperage meters,
      this information is rather meaningless, nevertheless two other
      combinations were made. The third winding enter and exit points were
      reversed; making more of a magnetic opposition between reactances 2
      and 3. This makes for more reactive magnetic oppposition lowering
      the parametric stator volts to 1.27 volts enabling
      1; .71 A
      M; .27 A
      3; 1.1 A

      Finally all three reactances were wired identically, which makes this
      the reactive scheme containing the highest magnetic opposition, where
      this causes the highest parametric stator voltage drop to 1.1 volts
      enabling

      1; .77 A
      M: .67 A
      3; 1 A

      Again this info doesnt tell us a lot without having 3 actual phase
      amperage conductions, but it does show the horrible inbalances
      involved here. It doesnt make a lot of sence to try and resonate this
      mismatched mess. Instead a modification of the first reading will be
      tried, and when the camera batteries are recharged, perhaps some
      better impedance definitions will result from showing instantaneous
      readings. I find the deviations shown on the parametric Z values
      somewhat problematic. Mistakes are always possible when transcribing
      things to notes, due to stator voltage fluxuation rather then taking
      pictures of the instantaneous conductions. But this last reading
      shows that more stator draw can be accomplished using these
      reactances in opposition, then would be the case if all the delta
      outputs were shorted, where line M shows that approximate (short)
      value, and lines 1 and 3 are above that value. A new Megacable Spiral
      folder will be started to show these many upcoming jpegs.

      Sincerely HDN
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