## Re: [jlnlabs] capacitor reactance/ Teslas Internal Capacity Patent

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• ... Note; in the following long reply I have first demonstrated that ground wire schemes of conduction are possible, and then gone further with some
Message 1 of 1 , Dec 8, 2004
--- Joshua Kenneth Gulick
<joshua.gulick@...> wrote:

>
> Question:
>
> A capacitor will allow an AC signal to pass, but
> will allow no actual
> electrons to pass. What would happen to your
> electric meter if you
> connected the hot wire to a capacitor with high
> reactance at 50 or 60 Hertz
> through a load to a ground.
>
>
> AC 120V
>
>
> Is the fluxing charge on the ground side of the
> capacitor seen as work at
> the AC source? Probably is a stupid question, but
> how does it happen?
>
> Peace,
>
> Josh
Note; in the following long reply I have first
demonstrated that ground wire schemes of conduction
are possible, and then gone further with some
theoretical possibilities...

This Halloween I set up just such a demo that kind of
confounded folks. It was a pole in the ground
connected to a 2 ft neon that had a single wire on the
opposite end of the neon leading to the experimental
room. The neon blinks at a very fast rate, probably
coinciding closely to the so called resonant frequency
of the earth itself. Years ago this blinking process
was studied by taping it on a VHS camera, and
reviewing the tape frame by frame. Each frame of the
VHS taping represents 1/60th of a sec. It was found
corresponding to the AC wave of 12 hz. The ending wire
from the grounded neon was connected to a capacity
path on one side, but also an inductive path on the
other side, where each side was connected to opposite
prongs of the 60 hz wall outlet plug. Both of the
reactance currents measured separately were
approximately equal. What this actually means is that
if the neon were not grounding out the voltage rise,
this would be a series resonance @ 60 hz with a q
factor of 15,(for this case example employing a huge L
value) The circuit is actually one that is resonant to
the electric Co.s 60 hz transmission of electricity.
60 hz resonant circuits are very uncommon due to the
sizing problems of making L and C reactances equal at
60 hz. Here a coil of 80 lbs of 23 gauge wire,
containing 9 miles of wire and registering some 60
henry inductance was used to get a very low reactance
current. The string of capacitors to match it had to
be rated for 15 times the 120 volt supply, as this was
the amount of voltage rise in the series resonance. At
one time I had constructed a dual pair of such coil
systems, each functioning as a simultaneous opposite
voltage rise, what we might call a series resonant
bipolar set up which I named a binary resonant system.
Gas bulbs could be given ending potential connections
to ground, but both systems would never work
simultaneously. One side would seem to predominate for
a while, then the other. I experimented with this
system for years, to the point where I finally found
that by logic the system had not been tuned properly,
so I wondered why the system even worked to begin
with. In this case the system was tuned for mutual
induction, since the coil systems shared a polar area.
But what I learned in the meantime was significant.
Varieties of a magnet stimulated system were made with
the discovery of arcless high frequency. In the end I
finally discovered a method of making a magnet send
energy through space to another magnet via an arc
gapped/neon connection. This is an incredible
accomplishment. My magnets would actually hum and the
high voltage process would emit prodigious ozone at
high input power levels. I could go on and on about
these things, but it would be simple to state the
following. This binary resonant system could be
connected to a utility strip, and even though one
could (supposedly) shut the power down by the switch
on the utility strip off position, voltage would still
be in the system, where 60 volts to ground could be
measured. Between that voltage potential to ground an
intervening pathway of 24 winds of speaker wire
surrounding a 3 inch stack of large 4 inch by 6 inch
SrFe magnet wafers was put in place, then the ending
speaker wire would measure 120 volts difference to
ground. The magnet winding assembly essentially
doubled the off position of voltage extraction from
the utility switch. This was enough to light the
smallest of neon bulbs sold by radio shack. I put the
very small bulb at top of the grounded pole and left
it run for several days. Then (luckily) one day
lightning struck and momentarily knocked out the power
to the house. I ran outside to see if the neon was
still lit; it was not. The system was working through
the power co. ground connection as a polar delivery or
one ended wire transmission. I concluded that when the
utility switch is turned to the off position, it does
not break both of the connections to power, but leaves
the grounded connection intact. It therefore is not a
double pole/ double throw switch, but only a single
one, where the "hot" prong of the 120 volts is
disconnected, but the grounded path is left intact.
The off position then still allows a one ended circuit
connection for the circuit to develope a miniscule
vibration. The use of magnets doubles that vibration.
But it is enabled through the ground connection alone.
It would probably be classified as illegally obtaining
current from the power co, I dont know. The power co
employs a system where the ground is placed between
the two opposite 120 volt deliveries: the "center tap"
of the the "bifilar" step down tranformer is grounded
at the pole. I had the opportunity to try this
"neutral" current extraction with much larger current
delivery 60 hz resonant systems, but never thought to
explore it. Perhaps the idea is worth merit. However
those coils were used for different experimentation
with my own alternator powered electrical system @ 480
hz. That system while electrically isolated from
ground will still light a neon to a ground connection
also, but it does not do a blinking process. Perhaps
the idea of using the ground in connection with power
schemes is still in its infancy. Nevertheless I have
some fruitful schemes for the future, but these
involve massive expenditures involving HUGE coil
systems. One of the problems that seem insurmountable
is the construction of an actual coil system that
could resonate to the earths supposed natural resonant
frequency, in the 7 - 12 hz range. What other
theorists have neglected to realize is that the
propagation of an electrical impulse, while normally
considered to be the speed of light in a straight line
wire: this propagation speed can be enormously reduced
by constructing coils of massive internal capacity; in
fact I have an experimental coil where that velocity
is reduced 13 fold.

Note, my usage of the term bifilar is unique, and does
not merely mean "adjacent" winds as shown in Tesla's
"Coil for Electromagnets" A center tap secondary of a
transformer is often refered to as containing bifilar
winds. I DO NOT KNOW THE SPECIFIC METHOD OF WINDINGS
EMPLOYED ON THOSE TRANSFORMERS, and thus I invite
comments on that category, as I could be wrong on the
subject. However two opposite AC signals are produced,
and they have a common "neutral" ground.
The magnetic flux in the transformer core contained by
those secondary windings are identical. Thus it seems
possible that for both of these windings to be
producing opposite AC impulses, they might be wound
in opposite directions to achieve that result. Now
take the inverse of that idea employing spirals where;
A BIFILAR SPIRAL LAYERING AS AN EXAMPLE IS WOUND
CLOCKWISE FROM THE OUTSIDE IN: AND THEN FOR THE SECOND
LAYER IT IS WOUND CLOCKWISE FROM THE INSIDE OUT. Again
analogy wise we have two different directions of
windings, both clockwise and counterclockwise as
viewed from above, but the current directions in those
spirals are also opposite, so they produce magnetic
fields in unity so no magnetic cancellation takes
place. The IMMENSE confusion that happens is that
folks sometimes confuse the term "BIFILAR" with two
oppositely wound coils that instead produce magnetic
cancellation. I refer to this spiral method yeilding
magnetic unity as 1 dimensional bifilar horizontal
layering, because it models in reverse what is noted
as the bifilar winds of a center tap transformer. The
spiral winded coil that reduces the light speed 13
fold employs that kind of layering in an aray of 20 by
30 winds. If those spirals winding routes were
rearranged for a 2 dimensional analogy of what occurs
by increasing relative voltage between windings, now
done on both a horizontal AND vertical basis; a
typical case example shows almost a further 6 fold
increase in relative internal capacity contained for
both case examples. This then would be at least a 78
fold decrease in the electrical propagation velocity
of the signal through the coil, vs its propagation
velocity at the speed of light.

If it were not possible to manipulate the propagation
velocity of an electrical impulse through use of
internal capacity, an earth resonant coil would have
to be thousands of miles long. Before earth resonant
coil systems can even be considered however, the
making of a generator system where the impulse does
not have the time period to reach the end of the wire
must be constructed, to see the effects of load vs
demand on such a system. The crux of the biscuit on
this matter is magic square technology. The magic
square is by no means a mathematical curiousity. What
folks dont realize is that the magic square contains
the code for constructing a two dimensional bifilar
coil of THE MAXIMUM POSSIBLE INTERNAL CAPACITY.
Pending certain financial gains to be achieved this
year I will start work on such a possibility. The
first of these visions include the possibility of
construction of a 64 wind construct that in the first
half of the AC cycle will appear as the normal wind
method: but during the second half of the AC signal
when the current is reversed, the coil appears as a
magic square formation. Provided the generator is of a
sufficiently high frequency, the magic square routing
could theoretically supply a condition where the
impulse does not have the time period necessary for a
complete transversal of its pathway, thus to the
generator the action appears identical to that of
driving an open circuit. The 64 wind assembly itself
will be constructed in such a manner that it produces
power according to the laws of maxiumum energy
transfer, where its open circuit voltage is twice that
when driving the load. Thus the voltage on the magic
square route should double, since it is analogous to
driving a no load circuit. In fact switching schemes
necessary, but it would be desirable to take this
method as a first exploratory measure. What makes this
scheme possible is the fact that given a normal
winding route of 64 winds, where the impulse can make
a complete impulse transmission, to change the routing
on the second half of the cycle so that the winding
routes are changed to magic square orientation
containing the maximum possible internal capacity,
only half of the connections need rerouting, which
might be accomplished either mechanically by
commutation, or by use of diodes. In a magic square
construct of 64 winds, only half of the numbers
representing winding positions need change places to
become an ordinary uniform wound coil. This can be
verified by comparing charts of the correctly formed
squares. Another mind boggling thing about magic
square formations is that if and when these things
become possible it will also be possible to "encode"
the way a magic square winding route is made at the
generating station. It may turn out to be that
recieving coils, using the earth itself as the medium
of power transmision can vary those winding routes
identically to the sending station, by connection of
the encoded signal via ordinary wire means; thus
mimicing the sending stations switching activity. What
is not yet known mathematically is whether any
variation of internal capacity would be made by making
different switching routes, which initially sounds
very doubtful. I have only scratched the surface of
the mathematics involved here, only having done an
analysis of the internal capacity increase for a 25
unit magic square in which the following was noted;
"Thus by this data then the 1-d bifilar has 31% more
internal capacity as measured by these samplings then
does its adjacent layering method, and further then
the 2-d bifilar then has 590% more internal capacity
than its 1-d method!
From "True Meaning of Bifilar/ 2-d Bifilar
Calculations"
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/teslafy/message/582

But consider the following, given a construct of 100
winds arranged to be a magic square by routing
changes, it can be shown that at least 10 TRILLION
different combinations of winding routes will achieve
the same result of making a magic square formation.
Sincerely Harvey D Norris

Post Note; Tesla himself barely scratched the surface
on this subject, but here are some of his statements
from some 110 years ago...

"I have found that in every coil there exists a
certain relation between its self-induction and
capacity that permits a current of given frequency and
potential to pass through it with no other
opposition than that of ohmic resistance, or, in other
words, as though it possessed no self-induction. This
is due to the mutual relations existing between the
special character of the current and the
self-induction and capacity of the coil, the latter
quantity
being just capable of neutralizing the self-induction
for that frequency. It is well-known that the higher
the frequency or potential difference of the current
the smaller the capacity required to counteract the
self-induction; hence, in any coil, however small
the capacity, it may be sufficient for the purpose
stated if the proper conditions in other respects be
secured. In the ordinary coils the difference of
potential between adjacent turns or spires is very
small, so that while they are in a sense condensers,
they possess but very small capacity and the relations
between the two quantities, self-induction and
capacity, are not such as under any ordinary
conditions satisfy the requirements herein
contemplated, because the capacity relatively to the
self-induction is very small. "
"In order to attain my object and to properly
increase the capacity of any given coil, I wind it in
such way as to secure a greater difference of
potential between its adjacent turns or convolutions,
and since the energy stored in the coil considering -
the latter as a condenser, is proportionate to the
square of the potential difference between its
adjacent convolutions, it is evident that I may in
this way secure by a proper disposition of these
convolutions a greatly increased capacity for a given
increase in potential difference between the turns."

Nikola Tesla on his 1894 patent for internal capacity,
COIL FOR ELECTROMAGNETS

=====
Tesla Research Group; Pioneering the Applications of Interphasal Resonances http://groups.yahoo.com/group/teslafy/
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