Date: Thu, 25 Nov 2004

--- OnTheCuttingEdge2005

<onthecuttingedge2005@...> wrote:

> Hi everyone.

If one starts out with a very narrow diameter

> I want to throw out a concept I have for what I was

> wanting to use for a power generator for exotic

> vehicles like flying saucers and so forth that use

> electrogravitics.

>

> 1. The concept of making an extremely powerful Tesla

> coil is setting multiple secondary coils inside each

> other.

> 2.When these multiple secondary coils are inserted

> into each others air cores it will look very much

> like tree rings repeating inside each secondary's

> support cylinders.

solenoid, using a single layer of windings, some

amazing calculations can take place from there. In

fact by interpolations of Wheelers equation we can

find other single layer solenoids that can use the

same length of wire, the same spacing between wires,

and yet using these requirements we can construct

another coil of an entirely different geometry, and

yet that coil can have the same inductance as the

center coil. If we constructed many of these coils

stacked inside each other, (there is a limit to the

number of mathematical solutions that will present

itself when we additionally make the requirement the

identical spacing between wires also be observed), if

the outermost coil were made to ring at its natural

resonant frequency, by virtue of the magnetic field as

the energy carrier we would suspect that the inner

coils would then also ring by the analogy of

sympathetic resonance that occurs with identically

tuned tuning forks. In any case I observed some time

ago that a plot of the various height/diameter, (H/D

ratios) when the coils are stacked inside each other

does in fact show the outline of a saucer shaped

vehicle. I will below show a mathematical method

involved there. Initially about 10 years ago I found

the first of one of these many solutions, which others

can calculate using Wheelers equation for themselves

for verification. I started with a center coil with a

H/D ratio of 1.5. The next coil in space that will

have a (near) identical inductance, with the

requirement that identical length of wire, and

identical spacing between winds is observed, will be a

ring shaped coil that has about pi times more diameter

then the starting coil. It should be possible to plot

more of these solutions out, where the outlines of

these various rings then resembles the shape of the

UFO's that folks have reported as observations. Bear

in mind also that if we further reduce the requirement

so that identical spacing between wires need not be

observed, but we observe the requirement that

identical lengths of wire be used in all these coils,

in that case the number of solutions is quite

infinite, but when we also require identical spacing

between winds, then we obtain a relatively few finite

solutions. Now bear in mind the next corroborating

fact, the tuning of a tesla secondary is also

generally based on the length of wire in the

secondary. If we can have many concentric coils all

exploiting the same length of wire, and all having the

same inductance, can we ring one secondary up, and

find that all the other secondaries would also start

ringing at their same resonant frequencies? Imagine

the analogy of tuning forks, a tuning fork that

produces a certain frequency of sound will excite

another tuning fork to vibrate by sympathetic

resonance, but only if those tuning forks are designed

to vibrate at the same sound frequency. Here we have a

collection of coils that have similarity whereby they

all have the same inductance, but dissimilar

geometries. At first this sounds like an exciting

possibility, but immediately we see complications,

where then the math for making these possibilities

gets quite more involved due to the fact that these

coils with different geometries, yet identical

inductances, will also have an important difference

where transmission of high frequency naturally

occurring resonances are also involved; and the

difference between these identical inductance coils is

further complicated by the fact that the coils of

different geometry will also have differences in

"internal" capacity, which is also another parameter

that will influence a high frequency vibration. In

the cited coil that will have the same

inductance when its diameter is increased pi times,

provided equal length of wire and equal spacing

between windings were observed, that outer ring coil

will then also have pi times more internal capacity,

or voltage between winding layers when given the same

overall voltage is imposed on the endings of the wires

for both case examples. In fact about ten tears ago I

did an experiment that showed that energy could be

passed through space, WITHOUT THE PREDOMINANT

INTERMEDIARY OF EMPLOYING A MAGNETIC FIELD TO CONVEY

THAT ENERGY. Instead the principle became similar to

the Aharonov-Bohm effect, where a larger loop that

encloses magnetic flux change, can have an emf induced

upon it, even though the majority of magnetic field

lines do not cross the wires of the output winding.

This experiment was actually sort of opposite or

reverse to what Tesla did in Colorado Springs with his

"inductive only" magnifier. In that situation Tesla

had his exciting coil as a large 50 ft ring, and

inside the ring the "extra" coil as the magnifier;

this could vibrate solely due to the presence of

energy being passed through space due to induction,

which we also commonly understand as an emf generated

by magnetic flux change common to both core areas,

whose developed induced polarity is further ramified

by Lenz law to include the fact that the generated

field will always oppose that actual magnetic

causitive influence, which is more mechanically

pictured as magnetic lines of force crossing the wires

of the secondary. This mechanical interpretation as

an example of induced emf would seem to solely be the

situation when we are dealing with AIR CORE

transformers and electrical motors, where the induced

emf is always accompanied by magnetic field line

movement across the wires of the armature. I would

assume that motors, like alternators assumedly can

employ principles of ferromagnetics to enhance the

amount of magnetic flux that crosses the stator or

armature windings, by virtue of ferromagnetic flux

leakage, but to have this leakage implies that a

ferromagnetic air gap is involved; meaning that the

field lines move both through the amplifier of the

ferromagnetic material and a path through air.

Magnetic circuits are in fact quite complex, but the

presense of an air gap should reduce the magnitude of

the amount of field lines, where this is no arbitrary

term coined as lines of force; which was further

defined near the turn of the century by Henry

Transtrom in which the following definitions are

noted;

The inductance of a circuit is sometimes

expressed in centimeters, one of the cgs units or

absolute units. By definition a circuit has a self

induction of one henry when it generates a counter emf

of one volt when the current is varied at a uniform

rate of one ampere per second-- that is the circuit

cuts 10^8 lines per second: so a circuit of one turn

which has a flux of one Weber (10^8) when one ampere

is flowing through it, has an inductance of one henry.

One volt then represents a movement of a single

conductor of 100,000 cm per second across a unit field

(1 line per square cm) In this way the emf in volts

can be given the dimension of length, namely 10^8 cm.

Now because motors or generators always consist

of a rotating part, we always have an air gap in the

circuit. Apparently however exceptions to this might

be found in the homopolar generator, where an

additional explanation for that effect can be further

made by illustrating the fact that every changing

magnetic field is also accompanied by a changing

electric field. The point leading up to here is that

there are also ferromagnetic principles whereby no

magnetic field lines need cross the secondary wiring

of the transformation. This is done by supplying the

magnetic circuit a complete loop of ferromagnetic

material, where then no air gap exists in the magnetic

circuit, thus we have virtually no flux leakage

outside the core material, thus we have no magnetic

field lines specifically transversing the wires of the

output coil. The common ferromagnetic transformer acts

in this way, again because a complete high

permeability loop of iron domains encloses all the

magnetic flux in that loop; and the sole generation of

electricity by the output windings consists of that

generated by the interior flux change principle;

whereby an emf is created by delta B, interior to the

loop of the output coil, where no magnetic flux

necessarily need orthogonally cross the wires of the

output coil for an induced emf to occur.

Now in the above generalizations, we seem to find

that with relationships involving magnetism in empty

space , or air gaps and air core magnetic

transformations; those converters involve either

generators or motors, and then the magnetic field

lines DO cross the wires of the output coils. If our

converter is instead a ferromagnetic transformer, then

the magnetic field lines need not cross the wiring of

the output coil. What all of this is leading up to is

the inventive creation of an air core analogy to that

of the iron based transformer. Essentially the

question is asked; can we also create an air core

transformer that resembles the principle of the iron

core transformer, where the magnetic field lines need

not have physical contact with the magnetic field

lines? Ordinarily we visualize the magnetic field as

an agent that transforms energy across space, and it

does this by the physical interaction of magnetic

field lines physically orthogonally interacting with

the wires of the output coil. We then say the magnetic

field conveys energy through space. Now in further

high induction coil experiments, it was found that

when an inductor is given an axially shaped capacity

for its C component of resonance, we then assume that

the electric lines of potential voltage difference

then axially reside in the physical volume of space

between the concentric outer and inner plates of

electric potential, and we have no reason to believe

that they would exist axially beyond the outer

concentric plate of potential. Now these discreet

components of L and C, each occupying a separate space

can be shown to be in resonance at a certain

frequency, but if the sizings of these components will

allow for a spatial interaction between them, we can

insert the axial capacitor C inside the interior core

volume of the inductor L: but in the doing of this we

find that this practice has caused the LC combination

to go out of resonance. We have observed that electric

lines of potential should not leave its outer

boundary, thus they should not intersect the wires of

the coil L, yet the impedance of L has been changed by

the insertion of an interior electric field, causing

the series combination of L and C no longer to be a

resonant combination. This situation of why the

resonance has been altered is comparable to Eastern

philosophy of Yin vs Yang. And the western thinker can

equate this same problem by dealing with the fact that

two processes represent the same thing, and it is only

the position of the observer that makes them appear

different. A changing electric field creates a

changing magnetic field 90 degrees in timing action

difference from its original action, and the same

effect applies vice versa. There is no authentic

author to any action, they are merely infinite

reflections of the inherent oscillation that has no

author. To claim a beginning of effects is comparable

to heresy. But because of logic a beginning and ending

effect is necessary for the western mind. So we can

categorize a phenomenon to better understand things

according to the linear progression of rational logic.

So we always say one thing causes another, but the

truth of the matter is that we are deceived by our own

observations, but yet both conclusions reach the same

truth, so the entire matter can be looked at from one

observation point as being irrevalent to begin with,

and both points of view contain the same truth.

But in that seemingly endless circle, a

changing magnetic field generates its counterpart

changing electric field: as an after effect in time

itself, and those oscillations might continue forever

if God had not put a stop to those vibrations by

including the effect of losses of resistance. Thank

you God for preserving the Universe! Us silly humans

only wish to act as thee, and we wish to make

oscillations that wont die down, only so that we can

make them die down according to the desires of the

loads we would place on the oscillations, but lucky

for us God in his infinite wisdom; he has designed the

universe so that every vibration will be damped

according to the material in vibration; but by time he

has allowed for the priviledge of finding controllable

self feedback loops that do not employ such runaway

effects to destroy the universe we happen to live in,

and then everything is kosher.

Going back to more sensible realizations, as

Tesla dealt with, an outer concentric ring excited

into resonance, causes the inner ring to vibrate by

induction of magnetic fields moving through that

interior volume of space. By cause and effect logic we

understand that this is possible, because the magnetic

field is used as the agent to convey energy. But our

logic also makes the reverse principle appear

illogical: We should not be able to excite the inner

coil and expect the outer ring coil to pick up energy

because the inner coils magnetic field does not reach

sufficiently through space to excite the outer coil.

But again as in the flux capacitor resonance analogy,

the changing electric field of the inner device will

still induce an emf on the outer device, even though

no sensible magnetic connection exists between them,

as in our point of relativity the device can work from

the outside in , but not the inside out.

So to conclude here, when I erected an outside

loop construction of 7 ft diameter, around an inside

loop construction of only 20 inches diameter, and both

of these geometries were made to be approximately

equal inductances, and the inner coil secondary was

used as a tesla coil secondary, the outside loop of

somewhat equal inductance was able to receive energy

from the inside electric field change, even though

that magnetic field from the inner coil should have

had minimal interaction with the outer loop by virtue

of ordinary magnetic field line crossagesÂ…. Instead

the energy was carried through space by virtue of the

changing electric field within the loop, exactly as

occurs in the ferromagnetic analogy contained in the

transformer example. In that transformer example the

changing magnetic field in the core makes a changing

electric field, ( the induced emf) 90 degrees out of

phase with the primary emf, provided those respective

measurements of timing of developed voltages are made

with no load on the outputs. A changing magnetic field

makes a changing electric field 90 degrees out of

phase with its source, and the common transformer is

proof of such. It then is also possible to provide the

same analogy of actions using air core coils, which in

that particular case the coils can be separated more

widely in space, but by design of geometry and equal

inductance the same ringing effect might be expressed

between coil structures.

(Mathematical Reference)

The Wheeler equation is normally used in coil

design to calculate inductance.

L = R^2*N^2 / (9*R + 10*B) uH

R = radius, inches

N = number of turns

B = coil length, inches

If the quantity expressed by

wheelers equation are applied for a constant length of

wire, the top quantity NR squared also remains

constant. By knowing this an important axiom can be

developed. Given a specified inductance the remaining

quantities R and B are such that they satisfy a

parametric equation with two unknowns. Or the custom

of supplying a function with y=f(x) can be specified.

The simplest parametric equation is that of a circle

where the radius of the circle being 1, is established

by the equation x^2+y^2=1 If we further place this in

customary form for applying calculus to find

instantaneous rate change made by taking derivatives

we change the formula to y^2= 1 -x^2 further reduced

to y=sq rt{1-x^2} However when we do this, it only

shows the top half of the circle above the x axis, so

the true answer is both positive and negative the

above function. In other words given one quantity as

the parameter, and determining the matching parameter

that will satisfy the equation we do not find unique

answers but dual quantities that can satisfy the

equation. In a likewise analogy to Wheelers equation

the following fact is derived;

Given a coil of specified length of wire,with

identical

spacings between wires to determine B as a parameter

of ht of the coil, the radius of that coil can be

easily calculated to construct an entirely identical

inductance coil, but at a different H/d ratio. Like

the parametric example of two different solutions

presenting themselves for a given parameter input, we

can also conclude that two sets of R,B quantities can

present themselves as a solution, even WITH the

additional requirement of equal spacing between

windings be observed. This has been mathematically

approximated and shown for a single layer coil of

h/d=1.5 will have a ring shaped coil close to pi times

the radius of the first coil as the alternative

solution. However this is pure mathematical

speculation and ignores the Medhurst considerations of

geometry vs internal capacitance which can be viewed

as an exotic tesla coil magnifier system design

possibility expressed as the fact that every secondary

may have another coil of entirely different geometries

that will also respond equally to rf bursts on the

primary. To easily establish this (mathematically

only)we can make R any quantity and compute what the

height of the coil, or the parameter B will have to be

to secure the requirement of making a coil of

identical inductance. This is done by understanding

that since the top term is reduced to a constant with

the same length of wire, this gives the bottom term

the requirement of also becoming a constant value as

determined by its parameters of existing R and B

quantities, to be computed to deliver a constant value

of inductance. Thus given any solenoidal coil with

radius R, B is also a known quantity, and the

denominator 9R+10B becomes the new constant first made

by the existing coil. Thus by the equation 9R+10B=K we

can vary R and find the corresponding B ht that such a

coil would have to have to be identical inductance.

Now each of these linear R&B solutions provide all the

solutions, but those may be all but two that use

identical spacing between wires and also many

different solutions with different spacing between

wires, still delivering identical inductances by

Wheelers equation.

> 3.All the secondarys inserted within each other are

http://hometown.aol.com/earthwindfireh20/WarpCoilConceptsindex.html

> hooked in parallel to step up current and amp

> densities while the voltage changes little.

> 4.I call this concept a Secondary Magna coil inwhich

> there could be hundreds of inserted Secondary coils

> inserted into each other.

> 5.The Secondary Magna coil can be inserted within a

> cylinder of insulating oil or even an inert fluid

> like the noble gases to add to the coils needed

> insulated properties.

>

> This is for all people interested in building a

> really small but very powerful tesla coil.

> Best of wishes and brand new discoveries.

> Gerald L.Blakley

>

>

>

> Visit My Site:

>

>