Re: Threshold/rate halving in Linux TCP
> On trying to set up a high-speed connection between two Linux machines A andA better place for this one might be netdev@... btw - that has all
> B each running kernel 2.4.3 over a 8 Mbit/s link with a RTT of about 640 ms,
> I noticed that quite early the TCP sender must have changed to congestion
> avoidance. The delay/BW limiting was done using a third Linux machine L with
> the Nistnet network emulation software on it. There is a 100 Mbit/s Ethernet
> between A and L and between L and B.
the main linux networking folsk on it
On trying to set up a high-speed connection between two Linux machines A and
B each running kernel 2.4.3 over a 8 Mbit/s link with a RTT of about 640 ms,
I noticed that quite early the TCP sender must have changed to congestion
avoidance. The delay/BW limiting was done using a third Linux machine L with
the Nistnet network emulation software on it. There is a 100 Mbit/s Ethernet
between A and L and between L and B.
When the speed reached about 160 kByte/s or 1.3 Mbit/s, the exponential
build-up stopped and the speed increased linearly up till about 7 Mbit/s ,
after which the rate was halved to 4 Mbit/s, again linear build up to 7,
halving to 4 etc. The build-up from 4 to 7 takes about 140 SECONDS.
I allowed SACK, RTT measurement, Window scaling.
Set wmem/rmem params in .../core and .../ipv4. Used default send and recv
buffers of 1 MByte, 2 MByte max. TCPs both report window scaling by 4 bits,
i.e. x16, which is a healthy sign.
My questions are:
1. where can I specify the threshold for congestion avoidance, as I would
like the transmitting TCP to continue to 8 (or 7 or so...) Mbit/s before
doing so? I could not find any setting in .../core or .../ipv4???
2. Can I somehow avoid the rate-halving that supposedly happens because
sstresh is halved, as this is not what I want, since the link is a 8 MByte/s
link and there is no congestion at the other end, just a limitation of
3. Other question: as far as I am concerned the sending TCP may start
blazing at 7 Mbit/s, rather than start with 2 segments only. This appears to
be non-RFC, right? Is there any action started to allow this, e.g. withing
T/TCP which I do not know well?
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- TCP is behaving exactly correctly. Your ground station does not have sufficient
buffering (queue). You need about 1.3 MB (and then raise the window scale to 5