Re: Mk 15:45
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> What is the linguistic evidence to say that, in Alexandria andThe two words are not cognate dialectal variants, like QALATTA and QALASSA,
> Egypt, the preffered word for a dead body was SWMA, while in Antioch and
> Syria it was PTWMA?
their etymologies are separate. Also, their meanings differ, in that
PTWMA is a "fallen", dead body, while SWMA is not a dead body unless
context or attached adjectives make it so.
The information in Bauer makes it look like there are authors that use
both words. Bauer attributes the variant readings interchanging SWMA/PTWMA
to a scribe's stylistic preference, because SWMA is more "dignified".
The distribution of the witnesses for PTWMA/SWMA cohere geographically
because _text_types_ have some geographical coherence, but without
further evidence it would be hard to infer a dialectal preference.
There are some word pairs like GAMISKW/GAMIZW and APANTHSAI/UPANTHSAI
(if memory hasn't failed me) that do vary consistently according
to text type and which look more like dialectal preferences.
Anyone know other examples?
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