Re: Rev 9:16
- On Sun, 16 Mar 1997, Robert B. Waltz wrote:
> Suppose there are three readings in some document:Speaking as a true son of the south (where we'uns talk funnier but more
> I went *in* the house.
> I went *inside* the house.
> I went *outside* the house.
> To me, in this hypothetical case, the original reading is clearly
> "inside." The change from "inside" to "in" is easy; so is the change
> from "inside" to "outside." To change from "in" to "outside," or
> the reverse (barring something outside the immediate context)
> requires *two* changes. So "inside" is the middle reading.
logical than you Yankees up nawth), for us the reading "in" would be the
more likely original. Only a literary purist would change that good and
decent colloquialism into the more formal "inside". Now, how some
carpetbagger came up with the "outside" reading, I don't even fathom a
> We have a similar situation in Rev. 9:16. Given the three readingsI still fail to see a "middle reading" concept here, since basically it is
> duo, dis, and omit, omit *must* be secondary. The choice between
> duo and dis is more complicated (and may depend on an understanding
> of the style of the Apocalypse which I do not have), but duo seems
> to me to be more likely to be secondary. In any case, it is
> relatively poorly attested.
only a question of two slightly divergent spellings meaning "two", which
numeral is either present or omitted. I certainly would see NO reason
whatever for either form of "two" to be omitted merely to settle the
question between what might appear to be different options.
I could much more readily concur if the numerals in question were "two"
and "five" respectively -- then I could easily understand how or why some
scribes might choose to omit either numeral in order to escape a
difficulty -- but this is simply NOT the case in the variant unit under
consideration, and thus (in my opinion), _no_ "middle reading".
Maurice A. Robinson, Ph.D. Professor of Greek and New Testament
Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary Wake Forest, North Carolina
- On Sun, 16 Mar 1997, Maurice Robinson <mrobinsn@...> wrote,
>Regarding the discussion of the variant at Rev. 9:16 and the supposedAllow me to explain. The "middle reading," if there are three readings,
>significance of the "middle reading", perhaps I fail to discern the
>point adequately, but I do not see where any supposed rule would "favor
>the middle reading" in this circumstance, and indeed wonder whether
>there is _any_ "middle reading" with which to work.
is the reading which can give rise to the other two readings directly.
Let me give an English example.
Suppose there are three readings in some document:
I went *in* the house.
I went *inside* the house.
I went *outside* the house.
To me, in this hypothetical case, the original reading is clearly
"inside." The change from "inside" to "in" is easy; so is the change
from "inside" to "outside." To change from "in" to "outside," or
the reverse (barring something outside the immediate context)
requires *two* changes. So "inside" is the middle reading.
We have a similar situation in Rev. 9:16. Given the three readings
duo, dis, and omit, omit *must* be secondary. The choice between
duo and dis is more complicated (and may depend on an understanding
of the style of the Apocalypse which I do not have), but duo seems
to me to be more likely to be secondary. In any case, it is
relatively poorly attested.
[ ... ]
>Externally, the reading _without_ either "duo" or "dis" is theThis *is* interesting (and one wishes this were more obvious from
>strongest attested numerically, having approximately 72% support (see
>Hoskier's _Concerning the Text of the Apocalypse_ for details).
NA27). I am inclined, even so, to stand by my reasoning -- but
it means that we must look at the history of the Byzantine text-
form at this point. This I will have to leave for those with
better resources for the task than I.
[ ... ]
>I confess that I can see _no_ reason why such a large number of horsemenHere, at least, we agree. :-)
>needed deliberately to be doubled by _any_ scribes, save possibly to
>enhance the magnitude of the opposing forces. This could have been a
>motive, but not a strong one in view of the large number already
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A preference for middle readings would have to be based on an assumption
that two-step corruptions are much less likely than any single-step corruption.
If you examine Text und Textwert and compare the likely chains of descent
visible in the more complex units of variation, you will find many,
many cases of two-step, three-step, etc. corruptions.
This can be seen online (in cryptic form) in the rough ascii database
Vincent Broman Email: broman@...,broman@... = o
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