4763Re: tc-list Recovering the Invisible?
- Oct 7, 1998Dear Wieland,
*invisible* letters have always been a problem for papyrologists. Just
remember Tischendorf´s go on Codex Ephraemi Syri rescriptus applying
Gioberti´s tincture (ammonium hydrosulphid) to it and by that intensifying
some of the ingredients of the ancient ink while destroying some of the
other material (Ephraem´s text and the parchment as well).
You mentioned IR and UV. They only help in specific cases depending on the
material and the faintness (ingredients) of the lettes. Never mind, they
were a straight leap forward.
Of course, microscopes are improving and they help a lot (nevertheless,
the *konfokales Laserrastermikroskop*, which C.P. Thiede claims to hold a
patent on, remains a riddle to me; no patent office could give me any
further information about such a thing, and Thiede ...). There are good
opportunities to identify blots and traces of ink, if you make a
high-quality photo of your fragment, digitalize it (almost the same step),
and try to reproduce it with applicable software or printers (you lose a
massive amount of quality by that).
Have you heard of the new procedure called *Mondo nuovo*? Specific
photographies of one and the same manuscript are digitalized only carrying
the spectral colours in all ranges from infrared to ultraviolet light,
digitalized, and then the diverging colours on the many photographies are
brought together by the new software (also called *Mondo nuovo*). The
software was developed by scholars in Bologna and Parma and is applicable
for parchment only (as far as I know). Recently, some newspaper articles
mentioned it (DIE ZEIT, no. 30, 16 july 1998, page 34; SZ, no. 171, page
V2/9). But a digitalized page of a parchment codex will cost about 1,000
For other computerizing procedures consult:
A. Lange, Computer aided text-reconstruction and transcription.
CATT-manual, Tuebingen 1993.
A. Lange, Computer aided text-reconstruction (CATT) developed with the
Dead Sea Scrolls, in: New Qumran texts and studies. Proceedings of the
First Meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies, Paris
1992, StTDJ 21, Leiden-New York-Cologne 1994, pp. 223-232.
With a main focus on reconstructing fragmented texts:
I.A. Moir, S. Michaelson and A.Q. Morton, Scriptures. The Use of Computers
for Fragment Location, in: ZPE 17, 1975, 119-124.
Concentrating on the restauration of manuscripts:
H. Harrauer, Bericht über das 1. Wiener Symposium fuer
Papyrusrestaurierung, Wien 1985.
I hope that this is of any help for you and that my `messy´ confusing
writing isn´t any problem. Sorry, I do not remember any further specific
literature dealing with your issue.
Best wishes, good luck,
Tel. + 49 941 943 36 90
Fax. + 49 941 943 19 86
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