Qazan - Chilebe... Radioactive Catastrophe
Radioactive Catastrophe Ruined Lives of Pupils 08/13/2003 13:35
Out of the 30 third-form pupils who liquidated consequences of a nuclear
catastrophe 17 are already dead
A boy named Ruslan from the village of Muslyumovo holds a small fish caught
in the Techa River, the one into which radioactive waste from the Mayak
enterprise streamed down. Now the river is the world's most radioactive
river and is even registered in the Guinness Record Book. The boy is going
to feed his cat with the fish caught in the radioactive river. And this
situation has lasted for about 50 years already.
A particular status has been recovered for five people from the village
Tatarskaya Karabolka (the Chelyabinsk Region) who participated in the
clean-up of the nuclear accident on the territory of the Mayak enterprise.
This became possible only thanks to the legal assistance of the World Tatar
The Mayak enterprise dealing with processing of radioactive waste where the
tragic accident occurred in 1957 is situated close to the closed military
camp of Ozersk. Sessions at the court of Ozersk lasted for three days, July
19-21 this year; the session hall was crowded. Lawyer Roza Fardiyeva from
the World Tatar Congress, who protected the interests of the five citizens
whose particular status has been recovered, explains that the people who
gathered in the session hall consider themselves young clean-up workers of
the nuclear catastrophe in 1957. These people, being pupils in 1957, were
involved in dismantling of irradiated buildings, in clearing of rubbish and
in autumn they liquidated harvest so that to prevent irradiated vegetables
from entering the market.
Unfortunately, the villagers were not aware of the risk they suffered at
that themselves. Those who participated in liquidation of the tragic
consequences were not informed that the work was dangerous; what is more,
the official archives contain no documents proving that people from the
village Tatarskaya Karabolka actually participated in liquidation of the
catastrophe consequences. There was just an oral command to send pupils from
Tatarskaya Karabolka to the village fields after the radioactive
catastrophe. According to official documents, only workers of the Mayak
enterprise participated in liquidation of the tragic consequences.
Attorney Roza Fardiyeva brought a black-and-white photography made in 1955
after her last visit to the Chelyabinsk Region. This is a photo of the third
form of the school from Tatarskaya Karabolka; there are 30 smiling faces on
it. The attorney says that 17 people from the photo are already dead, the
rest were given the diagnosis of cancer.
It was only in the post-perestroika era that the rights of people from the
village Tatarskaya Karabolka were restored. In 1998 the court of Ozersk
determined that schoolchildren had been actually engaged in liquidation of
the radioactive catastrophe consequences. About 40 people from the Tatar
village were given the status of clean-up workers of the radioactive
catastrophe. Monthly pensions at the rate of 250 rubles were granted to each
of them; the people also received tickets to sanatoria and free medicines.
But the villagers had a chance to enjoy the benefits just within two years
only. After that, the Chelyabinsk Regional Court overturned the decision
taken by the Ozersk court and the people were deprived of the status of
liquidators of the radioactive catastrophe.
The people immediately appealed to court, but the investigation was delayed.
Meanwhile, the federal center continued to appropriate pensions and
subsidies to those who liquidated the consequences of the radioactive
catastrophe. Attorney Roza Fardiyeva says that the money stayed at the
regional administration. At that, the sum made up about 30,000 rubles
($1,000) per a person.
Now, when the rights of five people who participated in liquidation of the
tragedy consequences are restored, Roza Fardiyeva plans to appeal against
the decision of the Chelyabinsk Regional Court that deprived the people of
the right for a compensation for their ruined health.
When attorneys of the World Tatar Congress visited the villages of
Muslyumovo and Tatarskaya Karabolka they learnt about more problems of the
local population. As it turned out they need more medicines and have other
everyday problems unsolved.
Read the original in Russian:
http://society.pravda.ru/society/2003/8/27/84/12841_.html (Translated by:
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