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Tatar-Bashkir Daily Report -- 5 April 2002

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  • Uli Schamiloglu
    This article below appears on the web site of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) http://www.rferl.org and has been sent to you by Uli Schamiloglu.
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 5, 2002
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      This article below appears on the web site of Radio Free Europe/
      Radio Liberty (RFE/RL)
      http://www.rferl.org and has been sent
      to you by Uli Schamiloglu.

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      Tatar-Bashkir Daily Report


      RFE/RL Tatar-Bashkir Service

      Tatar-Bashkir Report Archive

      5 April 2002


      President Shaimiev Calls Duma Shuffling Politics As

      Tatarstan President Mintimer Shaimiev called the recent
      redistribution of the chairmanships and committee
      portfolios in the Russian Duma "a normal parliamentary
      practice" that reflects changes in the balance of
      political power. He also said the Duma's speaker,
      Communist Gennadii Seleznev, is "a rather balanced
      person" who managed to keep the Duma "within definite
      frameworks" when the Communist Party (KPRF) was quite an
      influential force in the parliament. If Seleznev keeps
      his post against the will of the KPRF leadership, this
      will signify a political choice in favor of his Russia
      political movement, the Tatarstan president said. As a
      result, the Russia movement will likely distance itself
      from the KPRF, Shaimiev added.

      Will Tatneft Purchase Kremenchug Refinery?

      Ukrainian First Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Dubina, and
      Ukrainian Ambassador to Russia Nikolai Belobolotskii were
      to begin their visit to Tatarstan on 5 April to discuss
      prospects for the purchase of the Kremenchug oil refinery
      in the Poltava Oblast by Tatneft, tatnews.ru reported on
      4 April. The Tatar-Ukrainian company UkrTatnafta,
      established in 1994, is currently the owner of the
      Kremenchug plant, which has an annual capacity of 18.6
      million tons of oil. A 49 percent stake in UkrTatnafta
      belongs to the Ukrainian Property Fund and 29 percent of
      shares are owned by the Tatarstan State Property
      Committee. Aside from Tatneft, the Kremenchug refinery's
      sale has attracted the attention of Russian oil companies
      Yukos, Surgutneftegaz, and Slavneft.

      Human Rights Group Says Call-Ups In Tatarstan Illegal

      The Center for Peacekeeping and Human Rights Actions on 4
      April appealed to the Tatarstan state prosecutor and the
      chief federal inspector in the republic to declare the
      establishment and activities of city and raion
      recruitment commissions in Tatarstan illegal, tatnews.ru
      reported on 4 April. The center said those commissions
      were formed in a way that contradicts federal
      legislation, under which they should be established by
      local self-government bodies rather than by local
      administrations like in Tatarstan. The authors of the
      appeal said the situation violates citizens' rights and
      called for a halt to the commission's activities until
      republican legislation is brought into line with federal
      law. The center stressed that republican residents may
      refuse to enforce or comply with the decisions of those

      American Scholars Visit Kazan To Study Ethnic Processes,
      Federalism Issues

      The honorary director of the U.S. Library of Congress,
      Professor Robert Adams, said the experience of Tatarstan
      - which rejected violence in resolving disputes over its
      constitution and chose the path of negotiations with
      Moscow - is an interesting one. Adams was speaking at a
      meeting between a delegation of scholars from the U.S.
      National Academy of Sciences with Tatarstan Deputy State
      Council Chairman Robert Minnullin. Adams said Tatarstan
      uses the most up-to-date approach in resolving these
      complex issues while in many countries of the world,
      including Russia, the interests of regions and the
      central government often experience violent clashes or

      The director of the Sociology Institute of the Russian
      Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Leokadia Drobizheva, said
      the decrease in the number of donor-regions, from 18 to
      five or seven, highlights a two-year-old centralization
      trend. She stressed that the federal commission on
      power-sharing headed by the deputy head of the
      presidential administration, Dmitrii Kozak, found some
      300 federal laws that interfere in the powers of
      federation entities.

      Nearly 30 Kilograms Of Heroin Found In Yeshel Uzen

      Some 28.6 kilograms of heroin was found in the possession
      of a Tajikistan citizen and seized in Yeshel Uzen on 4
      April, Intertat.ru reported, referring to Tatarstan's
      Interior Ministry. Also in Yeshel Uzen the previous week,
      republican law enforcement found 10.8 kilograms of heroin
      in the apartment of a retired woman. In 2001, a total of
      368 kilograms of illegal drugs -- 42.2 kilograms of it
      heroin -- was seized in the republic.

      Compiled by Gulnara Khasanova


      Lawmakers Urge President To Protest Judicial

      The Legislative Chamber of the Bashkortostan State
      Assembly on 4 April appealed to Bashkortostan President
      Murtaza Rakhimov to protest at "interference" from the
      Bashkortostan Supreme Court in the process of harmonizing
      republican and federal legislation, aromi.ru reported the
      same day. Deputies objected to the court's 15 March
      ruling declaring illegal numerous provisions of the draft
      version of the Bashkortostan Constitution. The court's
      was addressing a challenge by Russian Deputy
      Prosecutor-General Aleksandr Zvyagintsev, who disputed
      Bashkortostan's treaty-based relations with Moscow and
      its claim to natural resources on its territory. The head
      of a parliamentary working group charged with studying
      the court verdict, Marat Kharisov, called that court
      decision "tendentious" and an attempt at "naked pressure
      against the republic's basic law."

      Deputies stressed in their appeal to President Rakhimov
      that "any changes in constitutions of republics should be
      accompanied by a parallel revision of the federal
      constitution and federal legislation through
      harmonization procedures." Demands to change
      constitutions of federation entities following each newly
      adopted federal law are impermissible, they asserted. The
      legislature called on President Rakhimov to initiate
      harmonization procedures with Russian President Vladimir
      Putin based on the Russian Constitution and the
      power-sharing treaty between Russia and Bashkortostan.

      Rakhimov Says Bashkortostan's Merger With Any Other
      Entity Impossible

      President Rakhimov told Interfax-Eurasia on 3 April that
      proposals to merge some federation entities are not
      unfounded. Rakhimov said economic rather than political
      expediency is necessary for the idea to be implemented.
      But he stressed that only neighboring mono-ethnic regions
      receiving subsidies from Moscow could be merged -- for
      example, the Kurgan and Chelyabinsk oblasts. Rakhimov
      asserted that a merger of donor-regions would be
      economically harmful, while a merger of national
      republics, even if they are not donors, is politically
      flawed. Rakhimov denied even the theoretical possibility
      of Bashkortostan being merged with any neighboring
      region, saying, "Bashkortostan itself is able to look
      after its residents."

      Compiled by Gulnara Khasanova

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      Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia
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