Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

Tatar-Bashkir Report Archive -- 1 March 2002

Expand Messages
  • Uli Schamiloglu
    This article below appears on the web site of Radio Free Europe/ Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) http://www.rferl.org and has been sent to you by Uli Schamiloglu.
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 1, 2002
    • 0 Attachment
      This article below appears on the web site of Radio Free Europe/
      Radio Liberty (RFE/RL)
      http://www.rferl.org and has been sent
      to you by Uli Schamiloglu.

      RFE/RL publishes a series of reports covering
      Russia, Transcaucasia, Central Asia, and Central, Eastern,
      Southeastern Europe, Iran, and Iraq. All reports with back
      issues are available on the website at
      To receive the reports by email, see the end of this message
      for subscription information.

      Tatar-Bashkir Daily Report


      RFE/RL Tatar-Bashkir Service

      Tatar-Bashkir Report Archive

      1 March 2002


      Draft Constitution Passes First Reading In State Council

      The State Council passed in its first reading a draft
      Tatarstan Constitution in its plenary session on 28
      February, republican media reported. Of 118 deputies, one
      voted against and another abstained while all others
      voted for the document. The most heated disputes were
      devoted to the issues of Tatarstan citizenship and the
      1994 power-sharing treaty between Russia and Tatarstan.
      Both features were maintained in the draft. The document
      is expected to be published in republican media for wider
      discussion. State Council commissions can discuss
      amendments until 26 March. A second reading is slated for
      late March or early April.

      President Promotes Equal Status For Tatar, Russian

      President Mintimer Shaimiev on 28 February backed the use
      of the Tatar language alongside the Russian language in
      Tatarstan, tatnews.ru reported. Shaimiev was delivering
      his annual message to the Tatarstan parliament at a State
      Council session. Shaimiev said fixing the functions of
      state languages - Tatar and Russian - in the
      constitution is an "extremely important" point of
      principle. No single language is restricted in Tatarstan,
      he said, and the republic is a model one regarding the
      observance of peoples' rights to develop their cultures
      and languages. The Tatar language alongside the Russian
      one is to develop in all sectors of life, including in
      the state sector, Shaimiev stressed. The draft version of
      a new republican constitution currently under debate
      provides equal status for both Tatar and Russian.

      ..And Republican Citizenship...

      In his annual message to the legislature, President
      Shaimiev said cultural pluralism backed by political
      integrity is the formula of Russia's development. He said
      the cultural development of Russia's peoples is provided
      firstly by republics, which perform a special mission.
      Attempts to present republics as non-state entities
      deprived of sovereignty are thus bewildering, Shaimiev
      said. Some federal laws violate the Russian Constitution
      and should be changed, he asserted. Shaimiev stressed
      that the new version of the Tatarstan Constitution
      defines the republic as a "full-fledged" federation
      member united with Russia on the basis of the
      constitutions of Russia and Tatarstan and power-sharing

      Shaimiev said he realizes that "a united institution of
      citizenship exists within the framework of the united
      federative state." However, he added that "there is not a
      big necessity to exclude from the Russian Constitution
      the existing form of republican citizenship," as the
      measure can weaken the federative nature of the Russian

      ..And Says Tatars Cannot Be Divided By Faith

      President Shaimiev also urged his audience not to
      politicize the division of Tatars in the upcoming census.
      He said religion cannot be considered a grounds for
      dividing Tatars into different ethnic groups. Tatars
      currently speak one written language, and have a united
      and developed culture and common cultural institutions.
      Tatars have went through a period of secularization in
      the late-19th century, and it would be unwise to bring a
      religious aspect into ethnic life, Shaimiev added.

      He stated that the events of 11 September have divided
      the world into Muslims and non-Muslims and stressed the
      necessity to separate terrorism from Islam. "Islam is a
      peaceful and tolerant religion," he said, adding that it
      is necessary to save the world from "Islamophobia."
      Shaimiev stressed the progressive role of Jadidism, a
      modernized Islam developed among Tatars.

      Tatarstan Public Movement Protests Construction Of
      Bashkir Nuclear Station

      In an article published in "Vremya i dengi" on 7
      February, the chairman of Tatarstan's Antinuclear
      Society, Albert Garapov, called on Tatarstan's public
      forces to "jointly act against the construction of the
      Bashkir Nuclear Station, which infringes on the interests
      of the Tatar people and threatens to annihilate our
      children." He said a resolution to renew construction of
      the station contradicts and ignores decisions by numerous
      expert commissions, a 1990 resolution by Bashkortostan's
      Supreme Council to halt the project, and public opinion
      in Bashkortostan and Tatarstan.

      Garapov said Tatarstan will be hostage to the station
      and, if anything occurs, mankind will lose the entire
      Tatar people and culture. He said thousands of signatures
      protesting the import of spent nuclear fuel and
      construction of the nuclear facility were collected last
      summer by Tatarstan's Antinuclear Society together with
      the Tatar Public Center, students, communists, and other
      public forces.

      Compiled by Gulnara Khasanova


      Bashkortostan, Poland To Boost Ties

      Bashkir Foreign Relations and Trade Minister Rafil
      Garifullin and the visiting marshal of Poland's Lyublin
      Province, Edward Khunek, signed a protocol on intentions
      to develop bilateral economic and cultural cooperation,
      Volgainform reported on 28 February. Khunek said his
      country seeks cooperation with Russia's regions and
      considers Bashkortostan one of the most interesting
      partners. He said Bashkortostan is one of very few
      regions where the Polish diaspora is not oppressed but
      rather enjoys support from the Bashkir government. The
      sides agreed that the Ufa raion and the Lyublin province
      will become sister regions.

      Ufa Delegation Visits Saxony

      A delegation of the Ufa administration is visiting
      Dresden from 26 February to 3 March to discuss new
      housing construction technologies, preparations for the
      presentation of Ufa in Saxony scheduled for May,
      participation of Ufa-based companies in the Leipzig fair,
      and bilateral development of tourism, Bashinform reported
      on 27 February.

      Public, Residents Defend Dismissed Tatar Official

      Bashkir public organizations and residents have sent
      numerous telegrams and messages to the Russian
      presidential administration, the prosecutor-general, and
      Bashkir authorities to protest the dismissal of Salavat
      administration head Asgat Galiev, RFE/RL's Ufa
      correspondent reported on 27 February. Authors called the
      measure illegal and said it is the result of political
      ethnic ambitions. In Salavat, more than 50,000 signatures
      have been collected to support Galiev. An unidentified
      representative of the Salavat Tatar movement told RFE/RL
      that Galiev enjoyed the great respect of Salavat
      residents and called his dismissal an event arranged
      "from above" and the "display of an ethnic totalitarian
      regime." He said Galiev was one of those leaders who
      would be unlikely to promote increasing the number of
      Bashkirs in the forthcoming census. Many of
      Bashkortostan's mass media joined an anti-Galiev
      campaign, the Ufa correspondent said.

      Tatar Movement Leader Says Rus 'Pocket' Opposition

      The opposition "Otechestvo" in its February issue wrote
      that the myth about Bashkortostan being an independent,
      democratic, and legal state has died. According to the
      newspaper, Bashkortostan's economy is destroyed, the
      republic's large companies are on the threshold of
      bankruptcy, while the state authorities are completely

      Meanwhile, the chairman of the Tatar Public Center in
      Dyurtoile raion, Vener Fattakhov, told RFE/RL's Ufa
      correspondent on 27 February that Rus movement leaders
      are not a real but a "pocket" opposition of the
      republic's leadership. Fattakhov said they do not
      distribute all circulation of the 200,000 copies of the
      "Otechestvo" newspaper among people but rather burn a
      major part of them. "Otechestvo" is published outside

      Young Residents Unaware Of Russian Anthem's Words

      Some 63 percent of youth questioned in Ufa said they do
      not know the lyrics of the Russian national anthem, while
      a half even did not know that such lyrics exist at all,
      RFE/RL's Ufa correspondent reported on 27 February. Forty
      percent think the words of the anthem should be taught in
      primary schools.

      Compiled by Gulnara Khasanova

      Email this report to a friend

      Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2002 RFE/RL, Inc.
      All Rights Reserved.


      contact us:



      Uli Schamiloglu
      Professor of Turkic & Central Eurasian Studies
      Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia
      1254 Van Hise, 1220 Linden Drive
      Madison, WI  53706 USA
      tel. 1-608-262-7141 (office), 1-608-262-3012 (department), 1-608-265-3538 (fax)
      Email: uschamil@...
      LCA website:  lca.wisc.edu
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.