[Synoptic-L] Did Luke-Acts know Matthew?
- Last week Stephen Carlson proposed that the mention of "baptism of
repentance" together with the prediction of a "coming one" in Acts 19:4 is
best explained by positing Luke's knowledge of Matthew. Mark Goodacre
suggested that a Q theorist would likely respond as follows:
> > (3) So where did Luke get it from in Acts 19? It was probably hisStephen Carlson replied: "A good theory would do well to minimize the number
> > memory of these two features, both of them congenial, from Mark and
> > Q. John's baptism of repentance is a key feature of Mark 1; the
> > announcement of the coming one is a key feature of Q 3 and Q 7. So
> > he juxtaposes them himself in Acts 19 in the same way that Matthew
> > juxtaposed them himself in Matt. 3. So there is nothing here that
> > cannot be explained by independent redaction.
of anomalies it has,
I would suggest that Acts 19:4 is yet another anomaly even under the
name of 'independent redaction.'"
I would like to suggest that Acts 19:4, understood within the larger context
of references to John in Acts, is not anomalous. Perhaps a missing link
here is Acts 13:24-25 where John's "baptism of
repentance" is mentioned immediately before John's prediction of a coming
one: "before his coming John had already proclaimed a baptism of repentance
to all the people of Israel. And as John was finishing his work, he said,
'What do you suppose that I am? I am not he. No, but one is coming after
The mention of John's "baptism of repentance" (not "baptism for repentance")
in Acts 13 as well as 19 suggests that the theme is not gratuitous in Acts.
In any case, Acts 19:4 has more in common with Acts 13:24-25 than it does
with Matt 3:11.
It is interesting to note that if we omit Mark's description of John in Mark
1:5-6, the prediction of a coming one (1:7) follows a reference to John's
preaching of a baptism of repentance (1:4). Both Acts 13 and 19 focus on
what John said--the extended description of John himself is naturally
omitted. In Acts 13:24-25 the "baptism of repentance" is separated from the
prediction of a coming one to a greater extent than it is in Acts 19:4, but
in neither passage is a statement about repentance and baptism placed on
John's lips. Only Matthew has John combine the two in one first person
Ph.D. (Cand.), Biblical Area
Dept. of Religious Studies
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