[Synoptic-L] A New Look at Q
- A new approach to pre-Gospel texts takes into account
the actual record of literature production and
dissemination known to have existed in the first
century. The earliest sources or Q fall into eleven
Type documents. These pre-Gospel texts emerged during
the very first years shortly after the death and
resurrection of Jesus from AD 33-37. As many of you
know my thesis of the Synoptic Problem solution I
hold that Luke created the twelfth Type document that
became the literary model later on adapted by Matthew
and Mark, but can also be seen to be reflected to some
extent as well in John.
The eleven Type documents that preceded the Gospel
model did not necessarily develop in an essentially
ordered and chronological manner, but may have
developed alongside one another in the first few years
of the Church.
The eleven Type documents briefly are:
Type 1: epos, (versified oral tradition),
non-versified oral tradition, euchologions, i. e.,
collections of written epos hymns.
Type 2: orthodox short or brief written records of
historic events, and unorthodox cacographic short or
brief written records of historic events.
Type 3: shorthand records written by stenographers
recording speeches and events.
Type 4: pesher or Peripatetic endoxa inscribed as
postillae that follow Doeve�s theory of recording
narratives in the margins of OT texts but differs from
him in that they included commentary.
Type 5: pesher that used Jewish literature.
Type 6: pesher (endoxa) that used Hellenistic
Type 7: apologues or moralized parables.
Type 8: translations and scholia that provided rich
vocabulary from which a distinctive Christian
vocabulary grew and was used in the canonical Gospels.
Type 9: compilations, collections or catenae of Types
1-8 in a disorganized manner.
Type 10: organized compilations made for various
purposes and having specific utilitarian functions for
liturgy and catecheses.
Type 11: cacography, i.e., apocryphal gospels that
reflected unorthodox views identical to the Gospel of
Thomas, an Epicurean propagandistic ribald
hilarotragoedia jibe that betrays Sadducaic and
Herodian origins, alluded to in Luke�s Prologue that
caused his Gospel to be produced to refute them.
with best regards,
John N. Lupia, III
31 Norwich Drive
Toms River, New Jersey 08757 USA
Phone: (732) 341-8689
Editor, Roman Catholic News
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