[Synoptic-L] A paradox in the sayings source
- I've been delving deeper into the word usage of sQ (a sayings source
based on the 3ST), and have found that by adding a few extra Matthean
verses I can (paradoxically) achieve a sayings source which is more
distinct from Matthew.
The best way to explain this is by an example. I had already
designated 'Good tree' (Mt 7:16-20 // Lk 6:43-44) as an sQ saying.
Suppose that this sQ saying had also contained the previous Matthean
verse: "Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing
but inside are ravenous wolves". The "false prophets" (also Mt
24:11,24), "inside" (also Mt 23:25,27,28) and "wolves" (also Mt 10:16)
become peculiar to sQ, i.e. only in Matthew where he has derived them
from sQ (directly or via Mark). Thus sQ becomes more distinct from
Matthew in its word usage. One can reasonably deduce on this basis that
Mt 7:15 probably came from sQ .
The net result of this and other cases is that I now have 20 different
stylistic features which are common to at least 3 sayings, yet not
present in Matthew except where he is getting the text from one of his
two written sources . Also 14 distinct word usages common to 2 sayings.
All this whilst retaining a crystal clear structure for the source.
Consequently it is becoming increasingly clear that sQ had a style
which is remarkably distinct from that of Matthew. This contrasts with Q
which, as recent stylistic analysis has shown, cannot be distinguished
Yet at the same time, sQ is becoming more Matthean because its text is
becoming more indebted to Matthew relative to Luke. This exposes even
more the IQP's Lucan bias. (By the way, I *like* Luke better than
Matthew, but this preference has to be put to one side when trying to
adopt the role of a neutral historian and delving into what was clearly
a Jewish source, albeit a Christian Jewish source.)
Weston-on-Trent, Derby, UK
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