I have argued based on the 3ST that the sayings source (sQ) was in
Aramaic. In support of this I have found that over 3/4 of the texts
commonly quoted as having very similar wording in the double tradition
in Matthew and Luke I had already allocated to xQ (copied from Matthew),
and are therefore explicable as Greek to Greek copying.
Now I find that there are two further pericopae where similar wording
can be explained, and this time in spite of their origin in an Aramaic
Here is my scenario for Luke's editorial activity whilst writing
(a) Luke looked up Mt 12:22-29 in order to make use of it in his version
of the Beelzebul controversy: Lk 11:14-22.
(b) He accepted Matthew's context for the sQ saying in Mt 12:30
('For/against'), so copied Lk 11:23 from there instead of translating it
separately, thus explaining why it is word for word identical in the
Greek. He left the codex of Matthew open at 12:30. (The scenario still
works if you think Matthew was on a scroll.)
(c) He moved on to Mt 12:43-45 for the unclean spirit story: Lk
11:24-26, and noticed the Jonah and Solomon texts (Mt 12:41-42) in
passing. He left the codex of Matthew open at 12:45.
(d) He spotted later on this same page the story of Jesus' mother and
brothers which he had already copied from Mark. Its ending was similar
to one of the sQ sayings (indeed Mk 3:31-35 may have been Mark's
adaptation of it), so he switched to sQ and loosely translated this
saying on 'true blessedness' inserting it here (Lk 11:27-28).
(e) Having decided to incorporate the 'Signs' saying from sQ at this
point (Lk 11:29-32), he respected the basic content and internal order
of this text in sQ, but made use of Matthew's Greek translation for the
latter part (Mt 12:41-42), Matthew's text being still visible in the
open codex in front of him. This explains the close correspondence here
between the wording of Mt 12:42,41 and Lk 11:31,32 noted amongst other
pairs of similar texts in Achtemeier's _HarperCollins Bible Dictionary_,
p.906 and in Kloppenborg's _The Formation of Q_, p.42.
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