## Re: [Synoptic-L] Another attempt at explanation

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• Thank you, Steven and John for your help in clarifying things. Dave Gentile Riverside, Illinois Dave is defining categories based on the distribution of
Message 1 of 36 , May 1, 2002
Thank you, Steven and John for your help in clarifying things.

Dave Gentile
Riverside, Illinois

Dave is defining categories based on the distribution of instances
of a word. Suppose a word is found in a total of 7 instances in
Mark, 3 of which are directly paralleled in Matthew and 4 are not.
Suppose furthermore that the same is found a total of 5 instances
in Matthew, 3 of which are directly paralleled in Mark and the
remaining two are not directly parallel in Mark.

Therefore we have:

a. 4 times (or instances) that the word is found in Mark and not
directly paralleled in Matthew.
b. 3 instances of the word that are found in direct parallel in
both Mark and Matthew.
c. 2 instances of the word that are found in Matthew but not in
direct parallel in Mark.

This basic concept was already explored and explained (with some
refinements) in the introduction to the Hoffmann-Hieke-Bauer Synoptic
Concordance. Dave Gentile's explanation made perfect sense to those
familiar with the HHB Synoptic Concordance, but I can see how more
precision in terminology may be helpful to those less familiar with
the Concordance. In particular, the English word "word" is ambiguous
as to whether an instance or a term.

All the word count and categorization statistics have been tabulated
and presented by HHB. What Dave Gentile did was find a way to analyze
these raw numbers in a new and useful manner.

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• Correction. The following reads: 5 Words in B not used by A in any parallel B has with A. (* repetitive with #2).Words in B used not in a parallel narrative
Message 36 of 36 , May 2, 2002
Correction.

5 Words in B not used by A in any parallel B has with
A.
(* repetitive with #2).Words in B used not in a
parallel narrative with A, but in a parallel phrase
with A
6. Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) or verse
in B exclusively.
(11) Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) in B
exclusively.
(12) Words used in a unique verse in B exclusively.

But should be corrected as follows:
(10) Words that are different between A & B having the
same subject, but which are not parallel narratives.
(11) Words in B not used by A in any parallel B has
with A.
(* repetitive with #2).Words in B used not in a
parallel narrative with A, but in a parallel phrase
with A
6. Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) or verse
in B exclusively.
(12) Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) in B
exclusively.
(13) Words used in a unique verse in B exclusively.

Consequently, there are thirteen, not twelve
categories.

There are two classes of focus dictated by the design
of the essentially required categories.

Class 1 comprises a study of narrative parallels and
non-parallels that show either possible redaction or
author's style demonstrated in the following twelve
categories:
Categories 1, 2, (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10),
(11), (12), (13).

Class 2 comprises a study of narrative parallels and
non-parallels that show overlap between Synoptic
Gospels sharing words and material to escalating
degrees of verisimilitude demonstrated in the
following five categories:
Categories 2, (5), (6), (7), (9).

Four categories: 2, (6), (7), (9) have dual functions
since they share words and material that overlap as
well as demonstrate either possible redaction or
author's style. Each should be assessed separately.

=====
John N. Lupia
501 North Avenue B-1
Elizabeth, New Jersey 07208-1731 USA

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