## [Synoptic-L] Another attempt at explanation

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• Let me try once more. This is just to try to explain the rational for the experiment. For simplicity, let s say we have only two documents, document A and
Message 1 of 36 , Apr 30, 2002
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Let me try once more. This is just to try to explain the rational for the
experiment.

For simplicity, let's say we have only two documents, document A and
document B.

Let's say we divide the words found in these documents into three
categories.

1) Words found in document A, without a direct parallel in document B
2) Words found in parallel in document A and document B
3) Words found in document B with no direct parallel in document A

From the above definitions, we can see that, together, category 1 and
category 2 are all words found in document A.
Also, category 2 and category 3 together are all words found in document B.

Now we study two specific words: "cat" and "dog".

Suppose we find that "cat" is common in category 1, "Words found in A,
without a direct parallel in B".
"Cat" is also common in category 2, "Words found in parallel in A and B".
However "cat" is uncommon in category 3, "Words found in B with no direct
parallel in A".

When we look at "dog", we find "dog" is uncommon in category 1, "Words
found in A, without a direct parallel in B".
"Dog is also uncommon in category 2, "Words found in parallel in A and B".
But, "dog" is common in category 3, "Words found in B with no direct
parallel in A".

So, the pattern we see is that category 1, and category 2, have similar
frequencies of the studied words.
However, category 3, has a markedly different frequency.

Stated in another way, categories 1 and 2 form a homogeneous pair, while
category 3 is different.

Or stated yet another way, document A (made up of categories 1 and 2) is
more homogeneous.
Whereas, document B (made up of categories 2 and 3) is less homogeneous.

The claim then, is that the homogeneous document A is more likely prior to
the non-homogeneous document B.

If that clarified anything for anyone, please let me know.

Thank you,

Dave Gentile
Riverside, Illinois

Synoptic-L Homepage: http://www.bham.ac.uk/theology/synoptic-l
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• Correction. The following reads: 5 Words in B not used by A in any parallel B has with A. (* repetitive with #2).Words in B used not in a parallel narrative
Message 36 of 36 , May 2 12:51 AM
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Correction.

5 Words in B not used by A in any parallel B has with
A.
(* repetitive with #2).Words in B used not in a
parallel narrative with A, but in a parallel phrase
with A
6. Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) or verse
in B exclusively.
(11) Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) in B
exclusively.
(12) Words used in a unique verse in B exclusively.

But should be corrected as follows:
(10) Words that are different between A & B having the
same subject, but which are not parallel narratives.
(11) Words in B not used by A in any parallel B has
with A.
(* repetitive with #2).Words in B used not in a
parallel narrative with A, but in a parallel phrase
with A
6. Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) or verse
in B exclusively.
(12) Words used in a unique phrase (or clause) in B
exclusively.
(13) Words used in a unique verse in B exclusively.

Consequently, there are thirteen, not twelve
categories.

There are two classes of focus dictated by the design
of the essentially required categories.

Class 1 comprises a study of narrative parallels and
non-parallels that show either possible redaction or
author's style demonstrated in the following twelve
categories:
Categories 1, 2, (3), (4), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10),
(11), (12), (13).

Class 2 comprises a study of narrative parallels and
non-parallels that show overlap between Synoptic
Gospels sharing words and material to escalating
degrees of verisimilitude demonstrated in the
following five categories:
Categories 2, (5), (6), (7), (9).

Four categories: 2, (6), (7), (9) have dual functions
since they share words and material that overlap as
well as demonstrate either possible redaction or
author's style. Each should be assessed separately.

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John N. Lupia
501 North Avenue B-1
Elizabeth, New Jersey 07208-1731 USA

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