[Synoptic-L] Re: Fatigue
- Mark Goodacre's "Fatigue in the Synoptics" represents an important
step forward towards the solution of the Synoptic Problem. The examples
of fatigue by Matthew and Luke in the use of Mark present significant
further evidence of Markan priority.
Some of the double tradition examples of fatigue likewise constitute
significant evidence, this time against the 2ST. However all five
examples can be explained just as well by the 3ST as by the Farrer
(1) Centurion's Boy: Luke's account was based on Matthew in the 3ST, so
the 3ST and Farrer explanations are identical here.
(2) Talents/Pounds: ditto.
(3) Luke was in a 'Markan block' (i.e. following Mark) when he wrote THS
POLEWS EKEINHS (Lk 9:5). But Mark doesn't mention a "town". The
explanation appears to be similar in 2ST, 3ST and Farrer: Luke was
remembering another source (Q, sQ or Matthew respectively).
(4) In Lk 10:23-24 Luke appears to omit Matthew's KAI TA WTA hUMWN hOTI
AKOUOUSIN. The phrase is not in _The Critical Edition of Q_, so the 2ST
appears to have a problem here. In Farrer, Luke's fatigue was when using
Matthew; in the 3ST the fatigue was when using sQ.
(5) The use of TOUTWN for "these" little ones in Lk 17:2 is more
interesting. It has no referent in its context in _The Critical Edition
of Q_, so the 2ST appears to have a problem. Mark Goodacre, on the
Farrer Theory, explains it as fatigue when copying Matt 18:6-9.
Following Davies & Allison (_Matthew_,II,pp.228-229) I take "little
ones" to have referred originally (and in my sQ) to Jesus' disciples.
Thus if "he said to his disciples" (Lk 17:1) was in sQ as an
introduction to the millstone saying, then the editor of sQ had
carefully provided the referent, which Luke correctly copied. Thus it is
Matthew who is mistaken because (following Mark's gospel?), he
incorrectly omitted the introduction and took "a child" as the referent.
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