Re: [Synoptic-L] Lukan Priority
- In a message dated 3/28/2002 5:53:13 AM Eastern Standard Time,
<< Another indication that Luke (like all the gospels) is at least a
later than the events he relates can be found in Luke 9. It is widely
recognized that the Transfiguration was placed immediately after Jesus'
prediction that some within his generation would "see" the coming of the
Kingdom. By clever redaction, this troublesome prediction is made to be
fulfilled by the "vision" of the Transfiguration. This tells me that all
the evangelists wrote in a day when the delay of the coming of the Kingdom
was a problem.>>
This statement of the case ignores the unique contents of Matt 16:28, which
alone predicts the coming of the Son of Man in his kingdom during the
lifetime of Jesus' disciples -- as indeed Matt has Jesus do elsewhere in his
Gospel (10:23; 26:64). This formulation seems to represent the most primitive
of the parallel texts and was what called for the "clever" redaction work you
alluded to in the other Synoptics. The GH sequence works quite well here.
Luke drastically and quite intelligibly alters Matt's unfulfilled prophecy to
speak instead of a future "seeing the kingdom of God" by the disciples, which
could easily refer to the historicized understanding of God's kingdom as
worked out in Acts and as participated in by the 12 as rulers of Israel (cf.
Lk 22:28-30, likewise a de-eschatologized version of Matt [19:28]), as well
as (perhaps) to the destruction of Jerusalem (cf. Lk 19:11-27). Mark speaks
only of the coming of God's kingdom in power, which again he might understand
as a reference to the destruction of Jerusalem. Note that Mark likewise
removes the difficult temporal phrase AP'ARTI in his parallel to Matt 26:64,
and thus, besides making Jesus' Christological profession more explicit ("I
am.."), makes the prophetic words of Jesus regarding the coming of the Son of
Man seem to speak of an indefinite future, addressed (beyond the head of the
high priest) to the indefinite "you" ("you shall see") of the Gospel's
audience. The latest version of both these texts seems to be Mark.
Synoptic-L Homepage: http://www.bham.ac.uk/theology/synoptic-l
List Owner: Synoptic-L-Owner@...