Re: [Synoptic-L] Why does 122 look like 112?
- Hello Leonard,
You could well be correct about the ordering. I've not looked into it
carefully. I tend to think Mark had 2 sources, one more Matthew-like and one
more Luke-like, but not Matthew and Luke.
The example with GINOMAI, does not work perfectly on the GH, either. I tried
The results again:
M - 24
K - 39
L - 45
It's percentage of total words is:
M - 2.23%
K - 3.08%
L - 4.06%
211 - 1.2%
112 - 6.28%
221 - 4.48%
122 - 4.54%
121 - 2.99%
Here is the problem, in general. Let's look at the pairs, and see what we
would need to assume, if they were using the other.
Matthew reduces the percentage found in Mark. 222+221 < 122 + 121
or Mark increases Matthew 222 + 221 > 211.
This is normal.
But Luke DECREASES the percentage found in Mark 222 + 122 < 221 + 121
Mark decreases the percentage found in Luke 222 + 122 < 112
Matthew decreases the percentage in Luke 222 < 112 + 122
or Luke DECREASES the percentage in Matthew 222 < 211 + 221
The Matthew-Mark relation is easy to explain on any simple hypothesis.
But, no simple hypothesis explains the Luke relations.
The following does explain it:
B => L
B => K => M
If B had an even higher frequency than Luke, and Luke and Mark both removed
them, but Mark was more vigorous in his removal, and then Matthew removed
even more, we get the results we find.
M - 2.23%
K - 3.08%
L - 4.06%
222- 1.5% - low because all 3 editors are independently dropping. (They'd
all have to keep it)
211 - 1.2% - low because Matthew does not add much
112 - 6.28% - high, because Mark dropping them causes them to be
221 - 4.48% - high, because Luke dropping them causes them to be
122 - 4.54% - high, because Matthew dropping them causes them to be
121 - 2.99% - average, because even though Matthew and Luke are dropping, we
need them to independently drop it, to get into this category.
PhD Management Science candidate
"When you have eliminated the impossible,
whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth."
- Sherlock Holmes,
in The Sign of Four, by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
"Why sometimes I've believed as many as
six impossible things before breakfast."
- The Red Queen,
in Through the Looking Glass, by Lewis Carroll
----- Original Message -----
To: <GentDave@...>; <C>
Sent: Sunday, December 02, 2001 9:13 AM
Subject: Re: [Synoptic-L] Why does 122 look like 112?
> In a message dated 12/2/2001 5:53:02 AM Eastern Standard Time,
> GentDave@... writes:
> << 122 - 4.54% - Hmm. Luke must have kept it more often when Matthew
> Luke managing to keep it more when Matthew drops it,
> and drop it more when Matthew keeps it is certainly odd.>>
> I can't honestly say that I followed the statistical argument you made to
> arrive at this conclusion, but the conclusion itself sounds oddly like an
> argument traditionally employed by adherents of the 2 DH in support of
> theory, but which really supports the GH. The argument is:
> Mark's order of pericopes is always supported by either Matt or Luke
> Matt supports Mark's order, Luke frequently departs from it, but where
> abandons Mark's order, Luke religiously adheres to it -- and vice versa.)
> Thus one of the two later gospels always follows the order of Mark's
> pericopes, and therefore both seem to be using Mark as a primary source.
> It is, of course, the statement I placed in parentheses that is the
> here for the theory of Markan priority, even though it was identified
> significant!) -- and is rather consistently alluded to -- by supporters of
> that theory. The idea that Luke and Matt working independently (or even
> supposing that one knew and used the other's work) made a conscious
> to make sure that Mark's order of pericopes was always supported by
> is so unmotivatable as to be patently absurd. On the other hand, the
> phenomenon identified is well explained on the GH where Mark follows at
> the order of pericopes in Matt and at other times the order found in Lk.
> Leonard Maluf
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