[Synoptic-L] Features of proto-Mk/Lk
- One place I just came across where Luke seems prior to Mark is Mk 9:37.
Mt/Mk have "Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me".
Lk has "Whoever receives this child in my name receives me".
Luke addresses the disciples, whereas Mk/Mt seem addressed to the audience
of the gospel.
It seems more likely that Luke was the original here.
Also, there is this interesting feature:
On my hypothesis the Mark/Q overlap was not in proto-Mark/Lk.
A => Mk A=> B A+B => Lk Mk+B => Mt
This means that Mk 3:22-3:30 (the controversy) were not there.
Assuming that Mk 3:20-21 was in proto-Mark, this brings these parts together
.20and the crowd
again, so that they
could not even eat.
3.21And when his
family heard it, they
went out to seize
him, for people
were saying, "He is
((3.31And his mother
and his brothers
outside they sent to
him and called him.
3.32And a crowd was
sitting about him;
and they said to
him, "Your mother
and your brothers
are outside, asking
for you." 3.33And he
replied, "Who are
my mother and my
looking around on
those who sat about
him, he said, "Here
are my mother and
the will of God is my
brother, and sister,
This seems to be a logical connection. My next question here is which
position for this is more original? Luke has it after the sower parable,
Mark has it before. If we assume, as above, that Mark took some action to
break this up, we might also assume he moved it. Also Luke seems unaware of
Jesus teaching from the boat, before "going to the other side". Absent any
compelling reason to remove the boat, I would suspect it was not in
This would mean proto-Mark would have had 3:13 - "on the mountain", and
3:13-19 "Call of the 12", immediately followed by the sower parable:
taught them many
things in parables,
and in his teaching
he said to them: 4.3 "
Listen! A sower
went out to sow....
Thus when proto-Mt/Q+ wanted to add sayings to the gospel, "on the mount"
would have been the natural location to add more sayings since the sower
parable was already there.
In the sower parable explanation, Jesus says he speaks in parables so that
only they will understand. This would fit with the parable originally being
addressed only to the disciples, and not to "the crowds". Subsequently the
gospel authors would have made alterations in order to have Jesus address
crowds, rather than keep things secret. Cannon Mark's persistent "and the
crowds followed", could then be viewed as a reaction to proto-Mk/Lk where
the crowds were not evident.
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