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RE: [Synoptic-L] Are Luke and Acts by the same Author?

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  • Richard Anderson
    Peter Kirby ask: So what is the evidence that ties Luke and Acts together as the work of single author? Contrarily, is there any internal evidence that would
    Message 1 of 3 , Jul 1, 2001
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      Peter Kirby ask: So what is the evidence that ties Luke and Acts together as
      the work of
      single author? Contrarily, is there any internal evidence that would render
      them asunder or suggest a revision of Luke by the author of Acts?



      Many have established the narrative unity of Luke-Acts. One additional
      approach follows:
      Luke uses Isa. 40:1-11 as an outline to Luke-Acts. Luke makes this clear
      with the explicit quotation of Isa. 40-3-5 in Luke 3:4-6 and the use of the
      remaining verses as his outline. Matt and Mark did not understand the
      parables in the same way as did Luke. Matt and Mark quote Isaiah. Only Luke
      adopts the Isaianic themes. Only Luke organizes his material with reference
      to Isaiah. Luke makes Isaiah the "fifth gospel".

      The introduction of the new period of salvation history in Luke 3:4-6 citing
      Isa 40:3-5 which introduces the "way" terminology suggests the Isaianic
      traditions/themes functions as a hermeneutical principle for the narrative
      of Luke-Acts. In the narrative of Acts, the absolute use of the "way"
      terminology [Acts 9:2; 19:9, 23; 22:4; 24:14 and 22] is an attempt to define
      the people of God and establish the identity of the early followers of Jesus
      against the competing claims of all others that also claims the ancestral
      traditions of Israel. Luke uses the material provided by Isa. 40:1-11 as his
      outline for Luke-Acts.

      Luke has Stephen bring out Aaron's responsibility for making the idol with
      the story of the calf demonstrating that high priests from the beginning
      have been 'wicked tenants.' This is an example of another Lucan theme
      present in both Luke & Acts.

      Luke has adopted a number of Isaianic themes which can be seen throughout
      Luke-Acts.

      Richard H. Anderson
      Wallingford PA
      http://www.geocities.com/gospelofluke



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    • David C. Hindley
      Peter Kirby, ... of single author? Contrarily, is there any internal evidence that would render them asunder or suggest a revision of Luke by the author of
      Message 2 of 3 , Jul 1, 2001
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        Peter Kirby,

        >>So what is the evidence that ties Luke and Acts together as the work
        of single author? Contrarily, is there any internal evidence that
        would render them asunder or suggest a revision of Luke by the author
        of Acts?<<

        Your inquiry made me think of an essay I had read some years ago, and
        which I just recently rediscovered. In volume 1 of _Christianity,
        Judaism and Other Greco-Roman Cults_ (ed. J. Neusner, Brill, 1975),
        Pierson Parker contributed "The Kinship of John and Acts" (pages
        187-205).

        While acknowledging that the language and style of Acts resembles
        Luke, and the words about "the former treatise" in Acts 1:1 do seem to
        connect the books, he reflects that "yet, in their reflections of
        early Christian thought, and supremely in what they say about Jesus,
        *John and Acts are closer to each other* than either of them is to
        Luke's Gospel. Their agreements together against Matthew and Mark are
        stronger still. That is to say, for all their differences of language
        and of topic, John and Acts are akin." (pg. 187)

        He cites agreements about Jesus' career, agreements about Jesus'
        message, agreements in the author's own viewpoints, paralleled stories
        and common omissions. When these relationships are analyzed, he infers
        that the "chief links between John and Acts lie evidently in the realm
        of concepts, or common background and inherited attitudes." He readily
        concedes, though, that Acts' literary links are to Luke. He concludes
        that "John and Acts evidently reflect that form of Jewish Christianity
        that was known and practiced in the Roman province of Judea." (pg.
        204)

        "Apparently this [Judean] Christianity knew little or nothing of
        Jesus' parables [in contrast, it seems, to Galilean Christians]; or
        that he foretold his own resurrection -- though it proclaimed that
        resurrection itself." (pg 204) It looks as though Parker conceives
        that they believed Jesus was Messiah, of the seed of David, a
        messiahship confirmed by the miracles and signs God worked through
        him. Jesus was Judge, and will usher in the Last Day. After his death,
        they rallied around Peter and a few chosen disciples who proclaimed
        that Jesus had risen from the dead, and found confirmation of this
        course of events in scripture. (pg. 205)

        Although Parker did not specifically state it, I think he is asking us
        to question how Acts can be linked to Luke stylistically and by
        language, but simultaneously have a close affinity with concepts,
        common background and inherited attitudes found in John. All this does
        tend to raise questions in my mind, but I do not (yet) know what to
        make of it.

        Respectfully,

        Dave Hindley
        Cleveland, Ohio, USA




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