[Synoptic-L] New Roads Beyonf the Synoptic Impasse:8
New Roads Beyonf the Synoptic Impasse:
In Response to Robert Brenchley:
Robert, I am very pleased that you asked the question about the difference
between James Zebedee and James the brother of the Lord. I think I have an
answer for you that would satisfy both of us. The problem is this: Are
these two different men consistently in the literature? Some scholars
consider both sons of Zebedee to be Jesus' cousins, hence James the brother
of the Lord would signify him. In this prosopographical reconstruction
Mary/Salome is considered to be the sister of Mary the mother of Jesus.
Both of these are consistent with John's brother James as a blood relative
to Jesus through Jesus' aunt Mary-Salome. I believe this reconstruction is
correct, and that James the brother of the Lord is John's brother.
If you think this is difficult how about this: John 1,35-42 might refer to
John talking with his cousin John the Baptist while John Zebedee was with
his son Andrew. This would make Peter and Andrew John the Evangelist's
children. In fact, such a reconstruction is plausible. So the three
pillars Peter, John and James were a family nucleus and all blood relatives
Regardless, my main purpose of the posting was to show that of the two sons
of Zebedee: St. James, the younger brother of St. John, is the individual
whom I see as a candidate for Au-Luke. If St. James wrote the Gospel of
Luke and the first part of Acts 1-11,18 as I suggest, and presented it to
Theophilus the High Priest sometime between AD 37-41, then this bold act may
have lead to his martyrdom a few years later.
It is very difficult to draw a propsopography of St. John's younger brother,
St. James, from ancient records. The greatest difficulty is the mass
confusion associated with the name James. Regarding only two different men
or perhaps three there are numerous titles which all get very mixed up among
the ancient authors as well as modern scholarship: James the less, James the
great, James the elder, James the Younger, James the Taller, James the
Shorter, James the Just, James the brother of the Lord. This is why I
posted the following:
>St. James suffered martyrdom A.D. 43 (Acts 12,2), and, according to theWrong James? I think so. Bad history? More likely!
>tradition of the early Church, he had not yet left Jerusalem at this time
>(cf. Clement of Alexandria, "Strom.", VI, Apollonius, quoted by Euseb.,
>"Hist. Eccl." VI, xviii).
As I afore said my main intention was to identify John's brother James as
Au-Luke. I put forth a smattering of citations for St. James, not all of
which I am certain about, nor do I find important or necessary to my thesis.
I certainly do not expect nor do I care to resolve the problem of the
confusion among ancient authors. My interest in their citations was to show
how mythological -like stories emerged about the first men to have seen
Jesus. I have often found the Patristic authors unreliable regarding
historical reconstructions, and they're of little use to historians outside
of showing what they thought. We have no way of telling how all of these
fanciful accounts emerged ( where, when and why?). We can speculate without
end regarding these but it is all unproductive. I hope you better
appreciate that "James" whenever encountered in the literature both ancient
and modern must be highly scrutinized and you will see that the confusion is
sometimes unclear and insoluble. Take nothing for granted, and always
Peace in Christ,
John N. Lupia
501 North Avenue B-1
Elizabeth, New Jersey 07208-1731 USA
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