The LP the Amidah and the Kaddish
- Dennis C. Sullivan wrote:
> Any analysis of the LP might be benefited from a comparison with the Amidah.
> The LP has been characterized by some as a "Reader's Digest" version of the
> Enjoying the discussions!
Thanks for your message. I'm glad you are finding the discussion
interesting - and I'm even more grateful that you have joined in.
Your suggestion that one's persepctive on what is going on in the LP
might benifit from comparing the Amidah to the LP is a good one. In
fact, a detailed attempt to do just this was undertaken long ago by I.
Abrahams in his Studies in Pharisaism and the Gospels.
Now while there are, as Abrahams notes, striking parallels between the
two prayers, whether one is justified in using the Amidah in order to
illuminate the LP is the nub of the issue. Those who do so usually
assume that the Amidah pre-dates the LP or is at least contemporaneous
with it. Same thing with the Kaddish, which is also claimed as both a
parallel to the LP and its contextualizer".
But what evidence is there that both or either of these prayers actually
were in use in the first century CE? I would argue that both are late
and therefore of no real use in illustrating what the petitions of the
So here are questions that I'd like to raise: what is the date of the
Amidah? What is the date of the Kaddish?
Furthermore, even assuming that these prayers are contempraneous with
the LP, what is their background of thought and their concern. Are they
"eschatological" prayers, that is prayers whose focus is centered in
"praying down" into the now the anticipated blessings of a future age?
Or are they concerned with securing in a time of trial help from God to
remain faithful to his ways?
May be it would be helpful if someone on the list would supply us with
the texts of these prayers.
Jeffrey B. Gibson
7423 N. Sheridan Road #2A
Chicago, Illinois 60626