Re: [Synoptic-L] Question about resurrection material
Thank you for this information. I'm certainly willing to accept here that
in general Matthew is after Mark.
Luke seems somewhat less certain however, here are some other minor
observation, I noted.
Luke's (23:55) "the women who had come with him from Galilee"
would seem more likely to be early compared with Mark's
"Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses".
In (23:53) Luke switches from "it" to "him", first matching Matthew, then
This might be an indication of working from two sources here.
If he did switch over to his old source here, my hypothesis would say he
was now translating.
Gr.'laxeutoi' could have just been his translation, of the same text that
appears in Matthew as "hewn in the rock".
The fact that John 19:41 has "new tomb, where no one had ever been laid".
That parellels Matthew/Luke, while not matching exactly in Greek, makes me
suspicious that this may be original, and that Mark, for some reaon, chose
not to mention that it was a "new tonb."
(4) Although Luke in many instances harks back to material earlier than
canonical Mark, in this
instance he does follow the opened tomb story of Mark and Matthew. Mark
is first. However, since Luke's Hellenistic audience would not be able
to understand the calendar dispute within Judaism, he alters
the description of the tomb. In line with the Matthean Gr.'kaine' he
states that in it "no one had ever
been laid" (23,53). He adds that the monumental tomb was Gr.'laxeutoi'.
That is "of large polished
stones". This is a reference, I think, to the huge polished stones used
for the renovation of
the temple that was finished shortly before the outbreak of the war. In
story form, the synoptics
charge Arimathea and his colleagues with trying to silence Jesus' voice
forever, and also the
kerugma by 'the body of Christ' (i.e. the ecclesia). The attempt was in
In short, I believe one must delve into Jewish history and Jewish
midrash in order to
recover the message behind the haggadah of the opened tomb.
The order is, Mark - Matthew - Luke.
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