[Synoptic-L] Transfiguration and Ascension
On Tue, 15 Feb 2000, K. Hanhart wrote:
> This leads again to my thesis that Mark revised a pre-70
> Passover Haggadah which ended with a 'transfiguration' of Jesus
> together with Moses and Elija.
I agree with you that the earliest version of Mk ended with the Ascension
scene very similar to the Transfiguration scene. The Apocalypse of Peter
seems to preserve such a sequence best.
> In that case the reference to 'booths'
> would be a fitting ending of that assumed pre-70 passover haggadah:
> the vision of a future in which the transitory life in the desert is
> left behind (cmp. 2 Pt 1,17f.).
But it's not necessary to include the booths scene in the earliest
tradition IMHO. Booths could have been added later.
> Canonical Mark, as I read it, is a radically revised haggadah. The
> traumatic events in 70, traumatic for all 'Judeans' including
> Christians, made a a rethinking and rewriting of the haggadah
> mandatory: the parousia was delayed. While the pre-70 haggadah had
> ended with something like a 'transfiguration', Mark now placed this
> ending in the very centre of his Gospel (9,2-7) and wrote a new
> epilog: 15:42- 16:8), a midrash on LXX Is 22, 16; LXX Is 33,16, the
> (monumental) "tomb hewn from the rock" (Mk 15, 46) being a metaphor
> for the temple to be destroyed. I wrote on this in a previous
> contribution. One must have strong arguments for denying to reference
> to Isaiah here.
You may be right that the rewriting of proto-Mk was influenced by the
Jewish defeat in 70. But I don't see direct causality here.
It seems like the Tomb Burial was a major innovation/addition in the
tradition. Why it was added can be debated, but it seems pretty clear to
me that the Tomb Burial was not a feature of the earliest tradition. Once
it was added, it replaced the magnificent Ascension right after the death
on the Cross. But still this scene was preserved as Transfiguration.
So I think the addition of the Tomb Burial was the main reason for the
revision of (proto) Mk, when it became close to what we see it now.
Yuri Kuchinsky || Toronto
The goal proposed by Cynic philosophy is apathy, which is
equivalent to becoming God -=O=- Julian