Re: [Synoptic-L] Re: style and "seams"-poirier
- In a message dated 2/10/2000 3:23:21 AM Eastern Standard Time,
<< As for prepositions on verb stems, that cuts both ways, (e.g. twice in the
vineyard parable Luke uses pempsai when apostelai would be preferable).>>
I'm not sure what you mean by apostelai would be "preferable" here. It is
interesting that, on the 2 GH, Luke has used apostellein once when copying
from Matthew in this text. For the second sending, he varies his vocabulary
and uses pempsai. When writing more or less independently of Matt he uses
(1) Luke adds a third "sending" (20:12a, with pempsai) prior to the sending
of the son, and not found in Matt. Luke may be using 1 Sam19:18-24 as a
remote OT model here, and he seems to absorb the "hebraism/septuagintalism"
prosetheto....triton from this text (1 Sam 19:21), though the term pempsai
remains his own.
(2) Then, Luke expands the Father's pensive monologue, already found briefly
in Matt, to fit his own typically styled monologue "ti poieso, etc.". Within
this monologue, unlike Matt, the "sending" of the son occurs in the Father's
speech. He says "I will send (with pempsai) my beloved son". So pempsai
occurs three times in all in this Lukan text, to apostellein once.
The question is: is pempsai more spontaneous Lukan vocabulary than
appostellein where the meaning of the two is roughly equivalent? It would
seem so from this text, on this source hypothesis, since Luke uses it in
preference to apostellein when not following his source, and once even when
following it. It is difficult, however, to confirm this by the criterion for
what is "Lucan" given by Randall, namely:
<< [Another hint: what is Lucan vocabulary? Not vocabulary measured against
Mark, ala Hawkins and followers, but vocabulary measured against Acts
In this part of Acts, I believe the use of pempsai and apostellein by Luke
just about breaks even: for pempsai, Acts 19:31; 20:17; 25:25, 27 (see also
Lk 4:26; 7:10; 16:24, 27; Acts 10:5, 32; 15:22, 25). And for apostellein in
Acts 16-28, with personal object: 16:35, 36; 19:22; 26:17.