[Synoptic-L] Re: Did Luke use Matthew
> At 11:20 PM 12/30/99 -0500, Brian Tucker wrote:Apologies for coming back on this late in the day. I have
> >I would like either a
> >response or bibliography for answers to these questions.
> >Matthew and Luke did not know each other.
> >1. Luke lacks the Matthean additions to the triple tradition.
> >2. The Q material is found in a different context in Luke.
> >3. At times the Q material is less developed in Luke.
> >4. The lack of Matthew-Luke agreements in order and wording against
> >Mark. 5. The lack of M material in Luke.
attempted to provide brief answers to several of these points in my
Mark Without Q FAQ at http://www.bham.ac.uk/theology/q/faq.htm.
More briefly still, (1) is an error: Luke has many of Matthew's
additions to Mark; they are not noticed by two source theorists
because they have already been parcelled off to a troubling location
of their own labelled "Mark-Q overlap".
(2) is essentially the argument from order, for which my preference
is to look to a literary-critical explanation: Luke is attempting to
write a plausible, dramatic account in sequence of the kind that
necessitates relocating much (but not all) of the Q material.
(3) is the argument from alternating primitivity for which one needs
to look at Goulder's recent article on "Self Contradiction in the IQP"
as well as to reflect on the likelihood that Luke is interacting
creatively with Matthew in line with his oral tradition.
(4) There are substantial agreements in order between Matthew
and Luke against Mark but they tend to be in places where the non-
Markan Matthean material has marked narrative elements, on
which cf. my Q-Thomas paper. Luke's primary decision, though,
was to follow Mark, which he had known for longer, and to add
Matthean material subsequently, often in fresh, more appropriate
(5) is a fallacy, as I think has already been pointed out. Luke does
not include M by definition. But I notice that I have not covered this
one in my FAQ and I ought to do so.
Dr Mark Goodacre mailto:M.S.Goodacre@...
Dept of Theology
University of Birmingham Fax.: +44 (0)121 414 6866
Birmingham B15 2TT Tel.: +44 (0)121 414 7512
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