Re: [Synoptic-L] Adoption of predecessors' phraseology (was RE: Re: "Lord's Prayer" & the 3SH)
- One of the few places I have
> seen it explored is in Mark Matson's as yet unpublished pieceThanks for calling our attention to this very interesting note.
> available on his web site, "Luke as Dialogue with Previous Gospels",
If Luke's preface is compared with that of Josephus, the question arises
whether the intention of his gospel is to 'correct' possibly misleading data
in the earlier undertakings. So the promise to write akribos and kathexes
confirms serious and even critical engagement with already published works.
On the question of naive readers, how would we assess Theophilus?
Luke writes so that he may have asphaleia ['safety' or 'certainty' ?] in the
matters in which he has received instruction. The instruction left him still
needing information that is guranteed. Clearly Theophilus could have been
his literary patron. If so the community aspect tends to fall into the
back-ground.. Yet the claim that he the events 'have been fulfilled among
us' suggests that the community context is not totally absent.
But is there any need for an either/or on this question? Why not
'both /and' We have to balance the cost of publication which might need
the kind of financial support a community could give to a costly undertaking
of producing in Luke's case a two-volume wor on papyrus. Also Luke in Acts
provides evidence of numerous churches not founded by any known apostle, but
as a result of vigorous natural expansion of the Cbristian faith. They would
doubtless have many naive readers as well as sophisticated ones. The whole
thrust of Luke-Acts is characterised by the universal character of the
Gospel for a whole empire and world, more so than Matthew or Mark, yet that
need not rule out a community of faith with a high calling to witness to the
> It is something I have touched on myself too, especially in relation to
> Luke's prologue, which may imply that Luke expected his readers to
> engage with his gospel in the light of their reading of the work of his
> predecessors. It is one of the directions in which I would like to see
> future synoptic study developing. Contemporary interest in narrative-
> criticism and intertextuality might be the catalyst for such
> Dr Mark Goodacre mailto:M.S.Goodacre@...
> Dept of Theology tel: +44 121 414 7512
> University of Birmingham fax: +44 121 414 6866
> Birmingham B15 2TT United Kingdom
> The New Testament Gateway
> Mark Without Q
> Aseneth Home Page