the Markan Cross and Tick Factors
- Mark Goodacre wrote (SNIP) -
>Perfectly. In my first letter I gave Robert Lindsey's description of his
>How far is the explanation suggested by Stephen Carlson and
>seconded by David Mealand adequate?
Markan **Cross** Factor. I then asked -
>How is the Markan Cross Factor to be explained? Why is there highStephen's answer, seconded by David Mealand, gave a flawless form-
>verbal agreement, and low pericope-order agreement, between Matthew
>and Luke where they do not parallel Mark, but also low verbal agreement
>and high pericope-order agreement between Matthew and Luke where they
>do parallel Mark?
critical explanation of this pattern. In my second letter, I did not
reject Stephen's explanation of the Markan Cross Factor. I simply
pointed out that **Lindsey** had failed to take into account that in
material in direct speech in the double tradition and also in the triple
tradition is generally similar in wording, whereas material not in
direct speech in both double and triple tradition is not very similar in
wording. This last pattern is not Lindsey's Markan **Cross** Factor.
If we want a name for this last pattern, we could call it the Markan
**Tick** Factor to distinguish it from Lindsey's. The Markan Tick Factor
pinpoints the difference between material in direct speech, and material
not in direct speech, and has nothing to do with differences in the
order of material, whereas the Markan Cross Factor does not distinguish
between material in direct speech and material not in direct speech, and
does have to do with differences in order of material.
My third letter was in answer to the interesting suggestion by Gerard
Layole, in which I said that I did not think his attempted explanation
dealt very effectively with the part of the Markan Tick Factor pattern
concerning direct speech within narratives **in the triple tradition**.
Your letter, Mark, also in reply to my third letter, suggests that
Stephen explained the Markan Tick Factor pattern, when in fact he
explained the Markan Cross Factor. Your letter is an explanation of the
Markan Tick Factor, and is basically source-critical/redaction-
critical. I think your explanation of the Markan Tick Factor works,
although it is perhaps rather complicated. It is the first explanation I
have seen from someone else of the Markan Tick Factor. I am sure there
are many other possible explanations. Indeed, I suppose any single
pattern of similarities of wording in the synoptic gospels can be given
an infinite number of explanations.
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