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Re: [Synoptic-L] Re: Luke 6:6-11

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  • Dennis Sullivan
    Dear Steve, Some months ago I was prompted by a remark by Len Maluf to post two lists of Mark s creative additions , which, as it turns out, is nearly
    Message 1 of 44 , Oct 3, 1999
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      Dear Steve,

      Some months ago I was prompted by a remark by Len Maluf to post two lists of
      Mark's "creative additions", which, as it turns out, is nearly identical to
      a list in Hawkins' "Horae Synopticae". It was an eye-opener to me as I
      collected these examples from a synopsis and realized the nature of the
      Markan additions. IMHO, these examples do present a problem for the concept
      of Markan priority. If you don't have Hawkins available, and have an
      interest in seeing this collection, feel free to contact me off-list. I
      think I still have them filed.


      Dennis Sullivan Dayton, Ohio (webwatcher for the Jerusalem School for
      Synoptic Research)

      -----Original Message-----
      From: Steven Craig Miller <scmiller@...>
      To: Synoptic-L@... <Synoptic-L@...>
      Date: Sunday, October 03, 1999 5:59 PM
      Subject: [Synoptic-L] Re: Luke 6:6-11

      >To: the participants of the Synoptic-L,
      >(material clipped)
      >FWIW ... there are a number of interesting 'Markan Additions,' e.g.: "But
      >they were silent"; "... with anger, saddened at the hardness of their
      >heart"; and "... immediately with the Herodians."
      >-Steven Craig Miller (scmiller@...)
    • Brian E. Wilson
      Brian Wilson wrote -- ... Leonard Maluf replied -- ... Leonard, Your argument seems to me to be that, if we assume the Farrer Hypothesis (or similar), (1) Mark
      Message 44 of 44 , Feb 28, 2000
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        Brian Wilson wrote --
        >I would suggest that it does not take much imagination or ingenuity to
        >work out very convincing reasons for what Mark did if he used Matthew,
        >or for what Matthew did if he used Mark.
        Leonard Maluf replied --
        >Often true, in individual cases. But overall, the view of Matt re-
        >Judaizing an originally Jewish-Christian tradition that has previously
        >been substantially un-Judaized by Mark is difficult. One should only
        >assume such a tortuous line of development for very good reasons.
        >Those usually supplied in support of the relative priority of Mark do
        >not fit the bill.
        Your argument seems to me to be that, if we assume the Farrer
        Hypothesis (or similar), (1) Mark must have un-Judaized his source
        material and (2) Matthew must then have re-Judaized this source
        material, and that this is "tortuous" and therefore unlikely. What are
        the grounds for either (1) or (2), however?

        With respect to (1), it is conceivable that Mark un-Judaized none of his
        source material, but faithfully used the source material available to
        him, however un-Judaic it might be. If Mark wrote first, we cannot
        distinguish between tradition and redaction in the Gospel of Mark. If we
        had a method for making such a distinction, we would immediately be able
        to use it to tell whether Matthew used Mark, or Mark used Matthew, and
        the synoptic problem would be solved in a flash. On the Farrer
        Hypothesis (or similar), not only do we not know which material Mark un-
        Judaized, but we do not even know that he un-Judaized any source
        material at all.

        With respect to (2), on the Farrer Hypothesis (or similar) since half
        the Gospel of Matthew is non-Markan material, it would seem that Matthew
        has combined un-Judaic Mark with Judaic source material of some kind(s).
        This is neither overall un-Judaizing nor overall Judaizing. It is
        overall conflation.

        So, on the Farrer Hypothesis (or similar), there is no tortuous
        development of un-Judaizing followed by re-Judaizing. There is only
        conflating of Judaic and un-Judaic material. This would have been very
        understandable bearing in mind that Christian communities such as those
        at Rome, Antioch in Syria, Corinth and so on, were an intermingling of
        Gentile and Jewish Christians, and that the writer of the Gospel of
        Matthew would have realized that his book could be copied and circulated
        widely to such "mixed" assemblies within weeks of it being written.

        The question remains whether it is possible for the advocate of the
        Griesbach Hypothesis to give an irreversible directional indicator
        showing that Matthew did not use Mark. The alternative question is
        whether the advocate of the Farrer Hypothesis (or similar) can give an
        irreversible indicator to show that Mark did not use Matthew. I doubt
        that either can do this.

        Best wishes,

        EM brian@... HP www.twonh.demon.co.uk TEL+44(0)1480385043
        Rev B.E.Wilson,10 York Close,Godmanchester,Huntingdon,Cambs,PE18 8EB,UK
        > "What can be said at all can be said clearly; and whereof one cannot
        > speak thereof one must be silent." Ludwig Wittgenstein, "Tractatus".
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