[Synoptic-L] New book: Luke's Portrait of Gentiles
- Christoph W. Stenschke:
Luke's Portrait of Gentiles Prior to Their Coming to Faith
1999. XVIII, 460 pages (Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament
2. Reihe 108). ISBN 3-16-147139-3 paper DM 128.00 / oeS 934.00 / sFR 109.00
Why did the Gentiles need salvation? What is wrong with them before they
encounter the Christian mission? Christoph W. Stenschke offers a
comprehensive study of Luke's view of the Gentiles and provides the reason
for Christian mission.
Christoph W. Stenschke examines Luke's portrait of the Gentiles' state prior
to their coming to Christian faith. Following the history of research, he
commences with Luke's direct references to the Gentiles prior to faith and
then draws conclusions concerning their state from the Gentile encounter
with Jesus and Christian salvation. This includes Luke's notes on the
condition of Gentiles and on their appropriation of salvation. Finally
conclusions from Luke's portrayal of Gentile Christians are drawn.
With his approach Christoph W. Stenschke challenges some previous
contributions to Lukan anthropology. He argues that the main study in the
field (J.-W. Taeger, Der Mensch und sein Heil) does not sufficiently
consider all the evidence. By concentrating on the Gentiles in Luke-Act
(including Samaritans and God-fearers) the author's thesis covers all the
relevant material. Contrary to Taeger, who suggests that Gentiles do not
need 'salvation' as much as 'correction', he discovers that Luke portrays
Gentiles prior to faith in a condition requiring God's saving intervention.
Thorough correction has to accompany and follow this salvation. Though
allowing for distinct Lukan emphases, this portrait is not essentially at
odds with that of other NT authors.
These results further show that the Areopagus speech needs to and can be
satisfactorily interpreted in its context and in conjunction with similar
statements. The author further argues that Luke's narrative sections and the
characterization they present should no longer be neglected in favour of the
speeches. Luke's portrayal of Gentiles prior to faith also bears on his
understanding of sin and provides additional justification for the Gentile
mission. Christoph W. Stenschke challenges proposals of Luke's alleged
anti-Judaism and provides some hitherto little-noticed correctives.
- Thank you for the review. But what is the answer?
> From: "Wieland Willker"=======
> Why did the Gentiles need salvation? What is wrong with them before they
> encounter the Christian mission?
> Contrary to Taeger, who suggests that Gentiles do notI'm left wondering what condition the Gentiles were in, prior
> need 'salvation' as much as 'correction', he discovers that Luke portrays
> Gentiles prior to faith in a condition requiring God's saving
to faith, that required God's saving intervention.