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[Synoptic-L] Re: [Fwd: man, lion, calf, eagle]

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  • Wieland Willker
    ... Stefano Rovinetti Brazzi wrote: I m working at a commentary on the greek Jezekiel. In the first chapter the prophet has a vision of four living creatures
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 30, 1999
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      Stefano Rovinetti Brazzi wrote:
      I'm working at a commentary on the greek Jezekiel. In the first chapter the
      prophet has a vision of four living creatures (man, lion, calf and eagle)
      that will be associeted with the four Evangelists by the Christians: what
      are the stages of this identification?
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      I think this is from Irenaeus?
      "Against Heresies" (written c. 182-188 CE), book 3:

      "It is not possible that the Gospels can be either more or fewer in number
      than they are. For, since there are four zones of the world in which we
      live, and four principal winds, while the Church is scattered throughout all
      the world, and the "pillar and ground" of the Church is the Gospel and the
      spirit of life; it is fitting that she should have four pillars, breathing
      out immortality on every side, and vivifying men afresh. From which fact, it
      is evident that the Word, the Artificer of all, He that sitteth upon the
      cherubim, and contains all things, He who was manifested to men, has given
      us the Gospel under four aspects, but bound together by one Spirit. As also
      David says, when entreating His manifestation, "Thou that sittest between
      the cherubim, shine forth." For the cherubim, too, were four-faced, and
      their faces were images of the dispensation of the Son of God. For, [as the
      Scripture] says, "The first living creature was like a lion," symbolizing
      His effectual working, His leadership, and royal power; the second [living
      creature] was like a calf, signifying [His] sacrificial and sacerdotal
      order; but "the third had, as it were, the face as of a man,"-an evident
      description of His advent as a human being; "the fourth was like a flying
      eagle," pointing out the gift of the Spirit hovering with His wings over the
      Church. And therefore the Gospels are in accord with these things, among
      which Christ Jesus is seated."

      Best wishes
      Wieland
      <><
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      mailto:willker@...-bremen.de
      http://www-user.uni-bremen.de/~wie/
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