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[Synoptic-L] Web Links Page for Harris Chapter 1

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  • Jeffrey B. Gibson
    Here s my draft of my revision to the current web Links Page for Harris NT Intro. The current page appears at:
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 7, 2005
      Here's my draft of my revision to the current "web Links" Page for Harris' NT Intro. The current page appears at:


      As you'll see,  I'm following the outline to the chapter that is published at:


      There are still blank spots in my page where I have not placed any links under the outline's headings and sub headings.  And doubtless I have typos in places where I **have** placed something under them.

      So, once again, I'd appreciate seeing any corrections of -- and especially suggestions for additions to -- what appears on this revision. What would be most helpful to me IF you do have corrections and additions is that you add them directly to my draft (preferably with any annotations you might wish top add) and then send the whole page back to me OFF LIST.

      My e-mail is  jgibson000@...


      What is the New Testament?

      The New Testament
      Brief discussion by A.H. McNeile and C.S. Williams of the origin and meaning of the title "New Testament" used to designate the collection of Christian writings known by that name.  From their An Introduction to the Study of the New Testament (Oxford, 1953) available online at the Katapi Bible Resource Pages Web Site.

      The New Testament
      The article by Alfred Durand (transcribed by Ernie Stefanik) from the online Catholic Encyclopedia that discusses the meaning of the name of this collection of Christian writings, its contents, origins, doctrines, and the transmission of its text.  Dated but still useful.
      What the New Testament consists of - The Canon
      An over view of the contents of the New testament by R.M. Grant.  This is "Part I - Prologomena" of his A Historical Introduction to the New Testament (Collins, 1963) available online at the Katapi Bible Resource Pages Web Site.

      The New Testament and the Hebrew Bible

      Old Testament Quotations in the New
      The United Bible Societies book by book list of New Testament authors quotations' use of, and allusions to, Old Testament texts in PDF format. Requires Adobe Reader.  From The Bible Center's Web Site.
      New Testament Use of the Old Testament
      An essay by Roger Nicole,  reproduced from Revelation and the Bible, ed. Carl. F.H. Henry (Baker, 1958), listing and analyzing expilcit Old Testament quotations in the New Testament. From Michael Marlowe's Bible Research: Internet Resources for Students of Scripture Website.

      Jewish exegesis and the New Testament
      An exploration by Steve Moyise of the similarities and differences between early Christian use of the Old testament and contemporary Jewish exegesis of the Biblical text.  This is chapter 10, Concluding Hermeneutical Observations, of his book The Old Testament in the New, (Continuum, 2001)
      Intertextuality and the Study of the Old Testament in the New
      An article by Steve Moyise from The Old Testament in the New. Essays in Honour of J.L.North (Sheffield Academic Press, 2000) that surveys the ways in which recent scholars have approached the issue of what a New testament author was "up to" when he quoted or alluded to Old testament texts.

      Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament
      An article by Ronald F. Youngblood on the Old Testament Quotations found in the New Testament which answers such questions as  What is meant by "New Testament", What is meant by "Old Testament?", What is meant by "quotations", How many Old Testament quotations are there in the New Testament?,   What New Testament books quote the Old Testament?, What Old Testament books are quoted in the New Testament?,  What Old Testament versions do the New Testament authors quote?, Why do New Testament writers quote from the Old Testament?, and How do New Testament writers quote from the Old Testament?.  This is Chapter 10 of The NIV: The Making of a Contemporary Translation available at the International Bible Society's Web Site.

      The Use of the Old Testament in the New
      Thorough discussion of the topic by Barry Smith of Atlanta Baptist University.

      Testament and covenant

      The Septuagint

      Text of the Septuagint
      An online searchable edition of the Greek version of the Alexandrian Canon of the Hebrew Scriptures.  From the Bible Data Base Web Site.

      LXX Greek Text
      An online, morphologically tagged, text of the Septuagint.

      Septuagint Version

      The online Catholic Encyclopedia by A. Vander Heeren (transcribed by Nick Austriaco) on "the translation of the Hebrew Old Testament, made into popular Greek before the Christian era" that treats questions of the importance. origin, subsequent history, recensions, manuscripts, and editions, critical value, and langauge of the LXX as this was known at the beginning of the 20th century.

      The Septuagint
      The article on the LXX by H. St. J. Thackeray from The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915) with additional notes and comments on LXX studies since Thackeray by Michael D. Marlowe. From Marlowe's Bible Research: Internet Resources for Students of Scripture Web Site.

      The Septuagint Online
      A Web Site, created by Joel Kalvesmaki,  dedicated to providing  "electronic resources for the study of the Septuagint and Old Greek versions" of the Hebrew Scriptures.  With a concise discussion of the history of the Septuagint and its terminology and how it differs in shape and content from the Hebrew text of the Old Testament.

      The Language of the New Testament

      Hellenistic Greek
      An outline of the nature and characteristics of "the world-speech of the times of the Diadochoi and the emperors" by Adolf Deissmann originally published in The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, ed. Samuel Macauley Jackson (Funk and Wagnalls, 1909).  From the "Biblical Greek" section of Michael D.  Marlowe's  Bible Research:
      Internet Resources for Students of Scripture Web Site.
      The Language of the New Testament
      Adolf Deissmann's seminal discussion of the language of the New Testament in the light of the discovery of the Oxyrhynchus and other ancient Greek Papyri.  Chapter 3 of his The New Testament in Light of Modern Research (       ), available at the Bible Center Website.

      The Language of the New Testament
      A discussion of the nature and characteristics of the Greek of the New Testament by A.T. Robertson, one of the foremost Koine Greek

      Dating the books of the New Testament

      The New Testament Documents: Their Date and Attestation
      A discussion by F.F. Bruce,  former professor of biblical criticism and exegesis at the University of Manchester, of the nature of the New Testament documents, their probable date of writing, and the evidence that attests to their "early existence".  This is Chapter 2 of the 5th edition his The New Testament Documents: Are they Reliable? (1959)

      Literature of the New Testament

      New Testament literary forms

      New Testament Genre
      An over view of the literary genres within the New Testament by Lorin L. Cranford, Professor of Religion in the Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy at  Gardner-Webb University.

      New Testament Genre: An Annotated Bibliography
      An extensive annotated bibliography of works that analyze and discuss the various genres and subgenres of the literature of the New Testament by Lorin Cranford.

      The Gospels

      Gospel and Gospels
      An older but still useful and detailed analysis by Francis E. Gigot (transcribed by Douglas J. Potter)  of meaning of the term "Gospel" and how it came to be identified with a literary form,  with a discussion of the differences between the canonical and the apocryphal Gospels.  From the online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia.

      Brief discussion by David H. Bauslin, reflecting an older conservative Protestant view, of the meaning of the term which came to designate a genre of early Christian writing. From the  The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia edited by James Orr (Eerdmans, 1918), available online at the Blue Letter Bible Web site.

      The Gospels
      C.H. Dodd's explains of what the Gospels are and why we cannot expect to find in them bare mattesr of fact, unaffected by the interpretation borne by the kerygma, (preaching or proclamation) of the early church.  This is Chapter 2 of his The Apostolic Preaching and Its Developments (Harper Collins, 1964), available online at the religion- online.org Web Site

      A modern New Testament scholar's discussion of the  question "To what category of ancient literature would a second-century librarian in Alexandria Egypt have assigned a gospel if a manuscript copy of books so named in the New Testament and non canonical writings had been presented to that institution. Part of Lorin Cranford's  Interpreting the New Testament Documents  Web Page.


      A brief discussion of how the Book of Acts "follows very closely ancient patterns of history writing, especially in the use of the basic 'building blocks' for presenting a 'philosophia' through history" by Lorin Cranford.  From his New Testament Genre Web Page.
      Literary Forms in the Acts of the Apostles
      Lorin Cranford's listing of the types of literary forms found within the Book of Acts.

      Letters, or epistles
               1. Thirteen letters ascribed to Paul
               2. Seven letters ascribed to Peter, John, James, or Jude

      An apocalypse
               1. Nature of apocalyptic literature
               2. Importance of eschatology in early Christian thought

      Lorin Cranford's dicussion of the nature and character of the genre into which the Book of Revelation (and Mark 13, Matthew 24, and Luke 21) fall.
       Subgenres within the New Testament documents


      Diversity and unity in the New Testament documents
               1. Early Christians as ethnically and theologically diverse
               2. Books addressed to Gentile Christians
               3. Books addressed to Jewish Christians
               4. The community that produced the Gospel of John
               5. Pseudonymous works produced in the name of apostles

      New Testament writers' diverse views toward Roman authority

      The Gospel of Rome vs. The Gospel of Jesus Christ
      An article by Marianne P. Bonz of Harvard university on the early Christian response to the theological challenge posed by "the gospel of Rome" promulgated in the Imperial Cult.. From the companion Web Site to the PBS Frontline Series From Jesus to Christ.

      Paul's Gospel and Caesar's Empire
      A dscussion by N.T. Wright, the Bishop of Durham, that deals with the questions "If Paul's answer to Caesar is the empire of Jesus, what is an empire under the rule of this new lord?" and "How does Paul's gospel line up with Caesar's empire?".  From The Center of Theological Inquiry Web Site.

      Paul and Caesar: A New Reading of Romans
      An article by N.T. Wright, originally published in A Royal Priesthood: The Use of the Bible Ethically and Politically, ed. C. Bartholemew (Paternoster, 2002), that argues that within Paul's Epistle to the Romans stands a conscious and "direct challenge to the present ruler of the nations, Caesar himself".

      Other early Christian literature

         1. The struggle for orthodoxy as a factor in determining the contents of the New Testament
         2. Differences in how early Christians interpreted the importance of Jesus in God's plan
         3. The Gospel of Thomas

      Scholarly approaches to the New Testament
      The Riddle of the New Testament
      The complete text of the classic study by Sir Edwyn Hoskyns and Noel Davey, published in 1931,  that was intent to display "the critical method at work upon the New Testament documents in the hope that some who are engaged elsewhere may be enabled to appreciate what has been and still is being achieved behind the scenes in the sphere of Christian historical theology". Available online from the Katapi Bible Resource Pages Web Site.

      The Interpretation of Scripture
      Barry Smith's notes on the variety of ways in which scripture was interpreted and used by Jesus and the early church, showing that with one exception, the interpretive methods adopted by Jesus and the early church are identical with those adopted by other Jewish interpreters of the second-Temple and early rabbinic periods.

      How Do We Interpret the Bible Today?
      A 1980 Themilios article by I. Howard Marshall (University of Aberdeen) that outlines and describes the processes and critical techniques used by modern scholars to gain an  understanding of an ancient  text and its significance.

      When "Literal" Is Not Accurate
      Herbert M. Wolf's discussion of the differences between "literal" and "dynamic" approaches to the Biblical text and the circumstances under which Biblical translators feel it necessary to move away from a word-for-word translation in order to be faithful to the thought of the biblical writers and to produce a truly accurate translation.  This is Chapter 12 of The NIV: The Making of a Contemporary Translation available at the International Bible Society's Web Site.
      Historical criticism (historical-critical interpretation)
      An extensive series of web links to sites and articles that describe and and provide examples of the employment of the historical critiacl method upon biblical texts.  From Holger Szesnat's Biblical Hermeneutics, Interpretation, & Authority of Scripture Web Site.

      The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church
      A document of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, describing the various methods of methods of Biblical interpretation employed by modern Catholic Biblical scholars and written by those who are themselves practitioners of these method.  From Felix Just's Web Site Catholic Church Documents related to Biblical Studies.

         1. Contrasting analytical and devotional approaches to the New Testament
         2. The development of analytical methods for biblical research
         3. The nature of biblical criticism
         4. Coordinating critical methodologies and spirituality in the study of the Bible

      Jeffrey B. Gibson, D.Phil. (Oxon)
      1500 W. Pratt Blvd.
      Chicago, Illinois
      e-mail jgibson000@...

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