9781Re:[Synoptic-L] Jesus' Baptism
- Jun 4, 2004There is some language data to add to the discussion.
>2) Luke's baptism narrative of Jesus is earliest accountbut it is long)
> - It is symbolic of death and rebirth/resurrection (Luke 12:50)
> - It is part of an Adoptionist formula, quoting Psalm 2:7
> - John does not baptize Jesus in Luke (I can expand on v. 3:19-20,
. . .
>3) Mark's version, based on source lacking Luke 3:19-2042:1<
> - Concretely states that John baptizes Jesus (1:9)
> - Lacks the Adoptionist formula, quoting hybrid Psalm 2:7, Isaiah
Luke 3:21-22 is a Lucan rewrite. (this could be of a non-canonical source,
is not necessarily diagnostic of Lucan-Marcan relationship). In any case,
is a example of the Lucan KAI EGENETO + aparemfaton rhma (infinitive) as
MAIN event. This is not a Hebraism but a Lucanism and to be clearly
distinguished from the Hebraic KAI EGENETO (+/- time margin) + paremfaton
rhma (finite verb). This latter (+ finite verb) only occurs in the gospel,
former (infinitive as main event) occurs in both the gospel and frequently
No surprise there, of course. We get to see Luke's style in Acts and it is
mixed with sources in the gospel.
The language point, in sum, is that Luke 3:21-22 shows Luke's hand as an
editor, which blunts (but certainly does not contradict) the case for
originality of the perspective. (E.g. the other kind of KAI EGENETO could
have gone a long way for clinching the argument for originallity.)
The effect of the whole string of infinitives would be to demote the scene
somewhat from the typically aorist indicative story line.
Randall Buth, PhD
Director, Biblical Language Center
Director, Biblical Studies in Israel
Hebrew University, Rothberg International School
Synoptic-L Homepage: http://www.bham.ac.uk/theology/synoptic-l
List Owner: Synoptic-L-Owner@...
- << Previous post in topic Next post in topic >>