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3815[Synoptic-L] Transfiguration and Ascension

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  • Yuri Kuchinsky
    Feb 16, 2000
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      On Tue, 15 Feb 2000, K. Hanhart wrote:


      > This leads again to my thesis that Mark revised a pre-70
      > Passover Haggadah which ended with a 'transfiguration' of Jesus
      > together with Moses and Elija.


      I agree with you that the earliest version of Mk ended with the Ascension
      scene very similar to the Transfiguration scene. The Apocalypse of Peter
      seems to preserve such a sequence best.

      > In that case the reference to 'booths'
      > would be a fitting ending of that assumed pre-70 passover haggadah:
      > the vision of a future in which the transitory life in the desert is
      > left behind (cmp. 2 Pt 1,17f.).

      But it's not necessary to include the booths scene in the earliest
      tradition IMHO. Booths could have been added later.

      > Canonical Mark, as I read it, is a radically revised haggadah. The
      > traumatic events in 70, traumatic for all 'Judeans' including
      > Christians, made a a rethinking and rewriting of the haggadah
      > mandatory: the parousia was delayed. While the pre-70 haggadah had
      > ended with something like a 'transfiguration', Mark now placed this
      > ending in the very centre of his Gospel (9,2-7) and wrote a new
      > epilog: 15:42- 16:8), a midrash on LXX Is 22, 16; LXX Is 33,16, the
      > (monumental) "tomb hewn from the rock" (Mk 15, 46) being a metaphor
      > for the temple to be destroyed. I wrote on this in a previous
      > contribution. One must have strong arguments for denying to reference
      > to Isaiah here.

      You may be right that the rewriting of proto-Mk was influenced by the
      Jewish defeat in 70. But I don't see direct causality here.

      It seems like the Tomb Burial was a major innovation/addition in the
      tradition. Why it was added can be debated, but it seems pretty clear to
      me that the Tomb Burial was not a feature of the earliest tradition. Once
      it was added, it replaced the magnificent Ascension right after the death
      on the Cross. But still this scene was preserved as Transfiguration.

      So I think the addition of the Tomb Burial was the main reason for the
      revision of (proto) Mk, when it became close to what we see it now.



      Yuri Kuchinsky || Toronto


      The goal proposed by Cynic philosophy is apathy, which is
      equivalent to becoming God -=O=- Julian
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