3563Re: [Synoptic-L] Did Luke use Matthew
- Jan 2, 2000At 11:20 PM 12/30/99 -0500, Brian Tucker wrote:
>I would like either aThank you for sharing with us Stein's five main arguments for Q
>response or bibliography for answers to these questions.
>Matthew and Luke did not know each other.
>1. Luke lacks the Matthean additions to the triple tradition.
>2. The Q material is found in a different context in Luke.
>3. At times the Q material is less developed in Luke.
>4. The lack of Matthew-Luke agreements in order and wording against
>5. The lack of M material in Luke.
[Stein 1992: 790-91]. These five arguments are more nuanced than
their titles suggest and are more fully developed in Stein's own
introduction [Stein 1987: 91-103], which closely tracks Fitzmyer's
exposition of this issue [Fitzmyer 1970: 147-56].
Subsequent to this article, Tuckett has written a chapter on the
existence of Q, in which he offer four reasons: "Matthew's Additions
to Mark" (cf. nos. 1 and 5 above); "Order" (cf. nos. 2 and 4);
"Greater Originality" (cf. no. 4 above); and "Doublets" [Tuckett
Previously, Kümmel offered reasons nos. 2, 1, and 4 [Kümmel 1965/66:
*50], and Streeter only offered reasons nos. 1 and 4 [Streeter
1924: 183]. Even prior to Streeter, Papias' testimony was thought
to support Q, but this argument has been largely abandoned.
David G. Buttrick, ed., JESUS AND MAN'S HOPE (Pittsburgh:
Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, 1970).
Joseph A. Fitzmyer, "The Priority of Mark and the 'Q' Source
in Luke" in JESUS AND MAN'S HOPE [Buttrick 1970: 1:131-70].
[Green et al. 1992]
Joel B. Green, Scot McKnight, I. Howard Marshall, eds.,
DICTIONARY OF JESUS AND THE GOSPELS: A Compendium of
Contemporary Biblical Scholarship (Downers Grove, Ill.:
Werner Georg Kümmel, EINLEITUNG IN DAS NEUE TESTAMENT, founded
by Paul Feine & Johannes Behm (14th rev. ed., 1965), English
trans. by A. J. Mattill, Jr., INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW TESTAMENT
(Nashville: Abingdon, 1966).
Robert H. Stein, THE SYNOPTIC PROBLEM: An Introduction
(Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 1987).
R. H. Stein, "Synoptic Problem" in DICTIONARY OF JESUS AND
THE GOSPELS [Green et al. 1992: 784-92].
Burnett Hillman Streeter, THE FOUR GOSPELS: A Study of Origins,
treating of the manuscript tradition, sources, authorship, &
dates (London: Macmillan, 1924).
Christopher M. Tuckett, Q AND THE HISTORY OF EARLY
CHRISTIANITY: Studies on Q (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1996).
Stephen C. Carlson mailto:scarlson@...
Synoptic Problem Home Page http://www.mindspring.com/~scarlson/synopt/
"Poetry speaks of aspirations, and songs chant the words." Shujing 2.35
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