Re: A flashcard representation of Stolic practice
- Here is a carefully selected "meditation", taken from the text of the Inner_Citadel, for each of the Three disciplines.
Discipline of Desire - a truly virtuous person only desires goodness, virtue and actions motivated by virtue.
"Humans are unhappy because they desire things which they consider good, but which they may either fail to obtain or else lose; and because they try to avoid things which they consider evils, but which are often inevitable. The reason is that apparent goods and evils -- wealth and health, for example, or on the contrary, poverty and sickness -- do not depend on us. Thus, the exercise of the discipline of desire will consist in gradually renouncing these desires and aversions, so that we may finally desire only that which does depend on us -- in other words moral good -- and may avoid only that which depends on us -- in other words moral evil. That which does not depend on us is to be considered indifferent, which means that we are not to introduce any preferential order among such things, but accept them as willed by the will of Universal Nature..." (Hadot, trans. M. Chase, pg. 87).
Discipline of Action - our actions should be motivated by virtue.
"Action thus risks introducing worry and care into the Stoic's life, to the same extent to which he does good, and where he intends to do good. By means of a remarkable reversal, however, it is precisely by becoming aware of the transcendent value of doing good that the Stoic can regain peace of mind and serenity, which will enable him to act effectively. There is nothing surprising about this, for it is precisely within the moral good -- that is to say, the intention of doing good -- that the good is situated for the Stoics" (pg. 193).
Discipline of Assent - evaluate a situation before reacting to it.
"`What troubles people is not things, but their judgments about things' (_Manual_ 5).
"Things cannot trouble us, because they do not touch the guiding principle within us. They remain on the threshold, outside of our liberty. When Marcus and Epictetus add that "what troubles us is our judgments about things," they are clearly alluding to the discourse which it is within our power to pronounce within ourselves, in order to define for ourselves the meaning of a given event. It is this latter judgment which may trouble us, but this is where the fundamental dogma of Stoicism comes in: there is no good but moral good, and there is no evil but moral evil. that which is not moral -- that is to say -- that which does not depend on our choice, our liberty, or our judgment -- is indifferent, and ought not to bother us. If our judgment about things is troubling us, the reason is that we have forgotten this fundamental dogma. The discipline of assent is thus intimately linked to the doctrine of good, bad , and indifferent things" (pp. 107-108)
--- In email@example.com, "Dave" <ptypes@...> wrote:
> from flashcardmachine.com
> What are the three topoi of Epictetus?
> Discipline of Desire - a truly virtuous person only desires goodness, virtue and actions motivated by virtue.
> Discipline of Action - our actions should be motivated by virtue.
> Discipline of Assent - evaluate a situation before reacting to it.
> Best wishes,
- I've made this little outline account or mind map to remind myself of Stoic value beliefs.Life is neither good nor bad.It's the way you use life that is good or bad.People are neither good nor bad.It's the way you use people that is good or bad.The job is neither good nor bad.It's the way you do the job that is good or bad.The role is neither good nor bad.It's how you play the role that is good or bad.The body is neither good nor bad.It's the way you use the body that is good or bad.Pleasure is neither good nor bad.It's the way you use pleasure that is good or bad.Events are neither good nor bad.It's the way you respond to events that is good or bad.Regards,DaveOn Thu, Jun 4, 2015 at 9:07 AM, ptypes@... [stoics] <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
Discipline of Assent
Delimit your self to your faculty of choice.
Discipline of Desire
Desire only correct choices and a faculty of choice in the proper condition.
Discipline of Action
Make only appropriate choices.--Value only virtue.Pursue appropriate objects of aim, not objects of desire.