AKI Bosnia: New presidency sworn in
ADN KRONOS INTERNATIONAL (ITALY)
BOSNIA: NEW PRESIDENCY SWORN IN
Sarajevo, 6 Nov. (AKI) - Haris Silajdzic, Nebojsa Radmanovic and Ivo Komsic
were sworn in on Monday as new members of Bosnia's collective state
presidency which acts as head of state, representing the country's three
groups - Bosnian Muslims, Serbs and Croats. The rotating state presidency
was established by the Dayton peace accord that ended Bosnia's civil war in
1995 and members are elected for a four-year term. The presidency is the
first institution to be officially inaugurated since the elections on 1
October. Political parties are still negotiating coalitions before forming
the parliamentary assembly and central government.
Silajdzic, who was premier and foreign minister in the war-time government
of late president Alija Izetbegovic, is currently the leader of the Party
for Bosnia-Herzegovina. He defeated his Muslim predecessor Sulejman Tihic in
elections on 1 October.
Radmanovic, a member of the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, scored
a crushing victory among Serb voters, while Komsic ran on the list of Social
Democrats, led by a Muslim, Zlatko Lagumdzija.
Bosnian Croats, the country's third ethnic group, have complained they would
not accept Komsic, because he was elected with Muslim votes, but they lacked
legal instruments to deny him the presidency seat.
The international community, which safeguards peace in Bosnia, has pressed
for constitutional changes which would eliminate the collective presidency
and distribute other executive powers among the three ethnic groups, but
local politicians blocked the changes last April. The three men will rotate
every eight months as presidency chairman, with Radmanovic taking the first
At a swearing ceremony in Sarajevo, attended by members of diplomatic corps,
international and local officials, Radmanovic said the presidency must stick
to the constitutional provisions, which regulate its role in order to
"function in the interest of all citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina".