Results of slow reading ETHICS in real space
- This is what I took from slow reading ETHICS in two different
institutions with a lapse of 10 years. So I guess I just let Spinoza
geometrically make the connections. This is to present my bias.
Part I, last paragraph
.... To those who ask why God did not so create all men,
that they should be governed only by reason, I give no answer
but this: because matter was not lacking to him for the creation
of every degree of perfection from highest to lowest; or, more
strictly, because the laws of his nature are so vast, as to
suffice for the production of everything conceivable by an
infinite intelligence, as I have shown in Prop. xvi.
Such are the misconceptions I have undertaken to note; if there
are any more of the same sort, everyone may easily dissipate
them for himself with the aid of a little reflection.
END OF PART I
Falsity consists in the privation of knowledge, which
inadequate, fragmentary, or confused ideas involve.
Knowledge of the first kind is the only source of falsity,
knowledge of the second and third kinds is necessarily true.
>>>>>Proof--To knowledge of the first kind we have (in theforegoing note) assigned all those ideas, which are inadequate
and confused; therefore this kind of knowledge is the only
source of falsity (II. xxxv.). Furthermore, we assigned to the
second and third kinds of knowledge those ideas which are
adequate; therefore these kinds are necessarily true (II.
In the mind there is no absolute or free will; but the
mind is determined to wish this or that by a cause, which has
also been determined by another cause, and this last by another
cause, and so on to infinity.
Nothing can be destroyed, except by a cause external to
>>>>>Proof--This proposition is self-evident, for thedefinition of anything affirms the essence of that thing, but
does not negative it; in other words, it postulates the essence
of the thing, but does not take it away. So long therefore as
we regard only the thing itself, without taking into account
external causes, we shall not be able to find in it anything
which could destroy it. Q.E.D.
When the mind conceives things which diminish or hinder the
body's power of activity, it endeavours, as far as possible, to
remember things which exclude the existence of the first-named
Human infirmity in moderating and checking the emotions I name
for, when a man is a prey to his emotions, he is not his own master, but
lies at the mercy of fortune: so much so, that he is often compelled,
while seeing that which is better for him, to follow that which is
Why this is so, and what is good or evil in the emotions, I propose to
show in this part of my treatise.
The force of any passion or emotion can overcome the rest of a
man's activities or
power, so that the emotion becomes obstinately fixed to him.
The knowledge of good and evil is nothing else but the emotions
or pain, in so far as we are conscious thereof.
Desire arising from the knowledge of good and bad can be
quenched or checked by many of the other desires arising from the
emotions whereby we are assailed.
Mirth cannot be excessive, but is always good; contrariwise,
Melancholy is always bad.
Love and desire may be excessive.
Hatred can never be good.
Emotions of hope and fear cannot be in themselves good.
The emotions of over-esteem and disparagement are always bad.
Self-approval may arise from reason, and that which arises
from reason is the highest possible.
Repentance is not a virtue, or does not arise from reason ; but he
who repents of an action is doubly wretched or infirm.
Extreme pride or dejection indicates extreme ignorance of self.
Ethel Jean Saltz, be-emet oo-ve-ahavah oo-ve-shalom
I will NOT submit, MMMMMR;) Jews Created God
Let's discuss the afterlife