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Southern Heritage News & Views

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  • ~mary~
    SOUTHERN HERITAGE NEWS & VIEWS is dedicated to the preservation of Southern Heritage and to defend the honour of our Confederate ancestors. It is FREE
    Message 1 of 331 , Sep 7, 2006
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      SOUTHERN HERITAGE NEWS & VIEWS is dedicated   to the preservation of Southern Heritage and   to defend the honour of our Confederate ancestors.   It is FREE and sent to you via E-mail.  To subscribe send blank e-mail to:  SouthernHeritage-subscribe@...      STAY ON THE CUTTING EDGE OF THE HERITAGE   BATTLE WITH OUR NEWS, OPINIONS AND UPDATES      Dixie Outfitters is working every day to   preserve our Southern heritage. When you   buy Dixie Outfitters apparel you are helping   in the effort to honor our ancestors and safeguard   our Southern way of life.   Buy the original and the best, Dixie Outfitters.  CALL TOLL FREE: 866-916-5866 for your free   color catalog or to place an order.  Visit our web site at: http://www.dixieoutfitters.com      REBEL YELL ON
       LINE   Your Source for Standard and Unique Rebel Merchandise  such as Redneck Gift Baskets and Dixie Birdhouses.  http://www.rebelyellonline.com/      
       
       
      Op-ed submission ref. Gettysburg 09/02/06
       
       
       
      Per our telephone conversation, the following is submitted:


      In "The battle over flag's meaning" (York Daily Record, Sunday, 09/03/06) following the protests by the 37th Texas Cavalry and others against the Klan’s appearance at the Gettysburg battlefield the York Daily Record wrote, "The Klan's counter-protesters were organizations that honor the heritage of fighting a war to protect slavery."

      With that statement a newspaper that was otherwise objective attempted to discredit honorable individuals and organizations by repeating flawed folklore rather than history.

      There was never a war fought in America to protect slavery just as there was never a war fought to end slavery.

      Northerners like to get the warm fuzzy feeling from the legend that they fought a noble war to end slavery while Southerners reminisce wistfully about states’ rights.

      Both are wrong.

      There was a war fought to resist ruinous taxation.  By 1860 the revenues from export tariffs on Southern raw goods and import duties on European finished goods had the South providing nearly 70% of the Federal budget.  Almost 90% of that budget was then spent to aid growing Northern industrialization.

      Southern agrarian states lacked the number of  Senators and Congressmen to resist wave after wave of targeted tariffs, taxes and duties which saw most great planatations either bankrupt or teetering on the verge of bankruptcy by 1860.

      In 1861 President-Elect Lincoln lobbied and pushed through a proposed Consitutional amendment to protect slavery forever (Corwin Amendment - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corwin_amendment).  Two State legislatures ratified it:  Ohio on May 13, 1861; followed by Maryland on January 10, 1862. Illinois bungled its ratification by holding a convention.  

      The South could have returned to the Union, helped ratify this Amendment and been victorious in fact and in principle IF the protection of slavery had been their cause for secession.  They did not.

      In his December, 1862, State of the Union Address Lincoln offered the South gradual compensated emancipation with slavery lasting until 1900.  Again the South refused this offer to protect slavery and Lincoln issued his hypocrtical “Emancipation Proclamation” only after this offer failed.

      Neither of these offers to protect slavery brought the South back into the Union - inexplicable if the South was “fighting a war to protect slavery.”

      The “Emancipaton Proclamation” did not free a single slave nor was it intended to do so.  Union slave states remained unaffected as did areas of the South controlled by Union forces and even the entire Confederate state of Tennessee.  Because of the language in the proclamation approximately 800,000 slaves remained in bondage in the North and South until December, 1865, almost eight months after Lee surrendered - meaning that the United States was the last slave nation in North America.

      European nations saw clearly what was happening.

      "...So Englishmen saw it. Lincoln's insincerity was regarded as proven by two things: his earlier denial of any lawful right or wish to free the slaves; and, especially, his not freeing the slaves in 'loyal' Kentucky and other United States areas or even in Confederate areas occupied by United States troops, such as New Orleans."  - The Glittering Illusion: English Sympathy for the Southern Confederacy, Sheldon Vanauken, 1989, Washington, DC: Regnery/Gateway

      The unsegregated Confederate Army included 13,000 Indians (one a Brigadier General), 6500 Hispanics (nine Colonels), 3500 Jews (including the Secretary of State), tens of thousands of foreign-born, Filipinos from Lousiana, Amerasians and many Black Southerners (Free and slave) who were documented fighting for the South.

      "Almost fifty years before the (Civil) War, the South was already enlisting and utilizing Black manpower, including Black commissioned officers, for the defense of their respective states.  Therefore, the fact that Free and slave Black Southerners served and fought for their states in the Confederacy cannot be considered an unusual instance, rather continuation of an established practice with verifiable historical precedence."  - "The African-American Soldier: From Crispus Attucks to Colin Powell" by Lt. Col [Ret.] Michael Lee Lanning

      Were these Black Southerners - many of them among the quarter-million Free People of Color in the South by 1860 - “fighting to protect slavery?”  They were regularly enlisted in the Confederate Army from the first days of the War because they saw the War as did Southerners and European observers:

      "For this war is essentially a war of conquest. If ever a nation did wage such a war, the North is now engaged, with a determination worthy of a more hopeful cause, in endeavoring to conquer the South..." - Col. James Arthur Lyon Fremantle, Coldstream Guards, British Army - "Three Months in the Southern States: April, June, 1863"

      Last Sunday’s editorial attempting to discredit wholesale those who stand against hate proves before one writes one should at least be minimally educated in the topic.  In this case the writer and the York Daily Record failed miserably.

      We simply ask that all act upon the facts of history.


      Michael Kelley
      Commanding, 37th Texas Cavalry (Terrell's)
      http://37thtexas.org
       

         *************
       

      Letters to the editor
      Roanoke Times, VA
       

      Pride and hate aren't related
       
      In his Aug. 29 letter to the editor, "One nation, indivisible," I couldn't help but laugh at Ryan McCarren calling people "Confederates."
       
      So, should I call him a "Yankee" or "Federal" for his Union heritage?
       
      I do have a problem with McCarren's comment, "'heritage, not hate' is a bunch of nonsense."
       
      Is he saying that people who fly the Confederate flag or take pride in their ancestors are filled with hate?
       
      True, there are better symbols to represent Southern heritage, and unfortunately the Confederate flag has been tainted by its use by certain organizations.
       
      McCarren's comment, "it was slavery, plain and simple" -- c'mon.
       
      Yes, slavery was a big issue, but it was also something that was dying when the Civil War began.
       
      Maybe he should consider the thought that only 20 percent of Southerners owned slaves, with an even smaller percentage possessing numerous slaves.
       
      Does that justify slavery? No, it was wrong, but here's something to think about:
       
      Why did so many Southern men fight if they didn't own slaves? What was the motivation for the average working man to fight for his home, state and rights?
       
      We need to be cautious of blanket statements.
       
      JOHNNY SINK
      ROANOKE
       

      Respecting heritage
       
      I read with great interest Ryan McCarren's Aug. 29 letter to the editor, "One nation, indivisible," and two points really stood out.
       
      n He felt the need to "honor his Union heritage (who wouldn't have guessed) and the brave men who fought to preserve the Union," but would deny the same privilege to Southerners.
       
      n He was absolutely sure he knew why the war was fought.
       
      For his information, "heritage, not hate" is not a bunch of nonsense but a sense of pride in our heritage.
       
      Also, for his information, at least 80 percent of the Confederate army was comprised of men who didn't even own one slave and never expected to do so.
       
      My opinion is that McCarren's lack of knowledge is only exceeded by his arrogance.
       
      S.M. DURRANT
      BUCHANAN
       
       

         ***********************
       

      Andersonville
       
       

      Part 1. Treatment of prisoners IN THE CONFEDERACY
       
      Issue 1. FROM THE GRAY BOOK
       
      By Matthew Page Andrews
       
      Author of the History of The United States, Dixie Book of Days, &C, &C.
       
      Only a generation ago, Raphael Semmes, commander of the Confederate warship Alabama, was widely advertised as a"pirate"and Robert E. Lee was stigmatized as a "traitor." Thousands of young Americans were taught so to regard these Southern leaders. Now, however , these terms are nearly obsolete; while many Northern historians, such as Charles Francis Adams, who fought on the Federal side in the War of Secession, and Gamaliel Bradford, who grew up after the war, have delighted in honoring Lee and other Southern leaders as Americans whose character and achievements are the ennobling heritage of a united Nation.
       
      It was more or less natural that Americans should have been led astray of the truth in the heat of sectional strife and partisan
       
      expression. Misconceptions have arisen out of every war. In fifty years, however, Americans have made progress in overcoming war prejudices than the people of other lands in the twice or thrice that period.
       
      This is encouraging, yet the fact that the greater number of our textbooks, and consequently our schools, teach that "the cause for which the South fought was unworthy:" that the Southern leaders "were laboring under some of the most curious hallucinations which a student of history meets in the whole course of his researches ;" and that "the South was the champion of the detested institution of slavery," indicates a lamentable state of historical ignorance on the part of those who should know better. The characters of the Southern leaders are longer aspersed but their motives are besmirched or clouded and their cause unjustly condemned because it is still widely misunderstood*(1).
       
      Furthermore, since the beginning of the World War of 1914, the conduct of the Prussians, together with the character of their cause, has been compared with the character of the Confederate conduct of the War of Secession, together with the cause and character of Southern statesman. Reputable magazines of wide circulation and writers of prominence have compared the Confederate treatment of prisoners with Prussian outrages in Belgium and France. American newspapers also have printed literally thousands of such comparative references. Fortunately, nine-tenths of these comparisons have been made through ignorance of the facts and not through any malicious desire of the authors to defame the fair name of a single fellow-American on the Confederate side or the "lost cause" which he represented with unsurpassed devotion and valor.
       
      Side by side with these accusations, in some cases, generous praise is bestowed upon the former "pirate" Semmes as having furnished a model for warfare on the high seas; and it is freely stated that his observance of all requirements of international custom and of the dictates of humanity in civilized warfare held not only to the letter, but also the full spirit of the law. It is not denied, also, that Lee, the Confederate chieftain and quondam "traitor" has offered the noblest example of orders of conduct for an army in the enemy’s country that all history can show, and that these orders were also carried out "even to the protection of a farmer’s fence rails!" The Boston Transcript, for example, took occasion, in 1917, to publish these orders in full.
       
      Nevertheless, in regard to the treatment of prisoners, the sweeping condemnation of James G. Blaine, delivered in an outburst of war-inspired and partisan condemnation of the South is still, in a general way, believed by Americans who have, of late, been echoing them, although in milder terms and in limitation of the number of those held to have been guilty. Mr Blaine declared some ten years after the war: "Mr Davis [President of the Confederate States] was the author, knowingly, deliberately, guiltily, and willfully, of the gigantic murder and crime at Andersonville. And I here, before God measuring my words, knowing their full extent and import declare that neither the deeds of the Duke of Alva in the low countries, nor the massacre of Saint Bartholomew, nor the thumb screws and engines of torture of the Spanish Inquisition, begin to compare in atrocity with the hideous crimes of Andersonville."
       
      Historians do not now accept this statement as true, solemnly made as it was by a man who, a few years later, barely missed election to the highest office in the gift of the people of the United States. Furthermore, American historians, even if inclined to bias, do not now go into any detail in the matter of these charges. They refer the reader, however, to a mass of matter(,) the major part of which is as false today as when James G. Blaine based upon it his colossal libel of Jefferson Davis and the military and civil authorities of the Southern Confederacy. As above stated, the so-called "general" historian has dropped this matter in detail, though Mr. Blaine exclaimed dramatically that it would remain as the "blackest page" in the annals of all time.*(2)
       
      On the other hand, innumerable monographs have been written upon this subject, four-fifths of which are either false per se, or based on false evidence such as that which has misled so many Americans from the time of James G. Blaine and contemporary historians, to editors of and writers in magazines and newspapers of the second decade in the twentieth century. With this one notable exception, American history is rapidly freeing its narrative of misconception in all its phases. It is here that we now find the last great stronghold of sectional misconception.
       
      If four-fifths of the monographs on prison life in the South are false per se, are based on false evidence, it follows that one-fifth are true or approximately so. The writer has had the privilege of knowing personally a distinguished Union Veteran who suffered privations at Libby Prison. Published in 1912, his story, as it affects his personal experiences, is doubtless true in every respect; yet this same good American helped to publish simultaneously another volume by one of his comrades that is a tissue of falsehood and slander from beginning to end. The voracious author seemed to take his mendacious comrade at his face value, and he advertised as worthy history a gross historical libel.*(3)
       
      The charges preferred against the authorities of the Confederacy were, for several years, made the most important subject under consideration by the people and even the government of the United States. During that period, the magnitude and violence of the accusations obscured much more weighty and serious problems and placed the South on the defensive, because it was not better element in the North but the radical and partisan minority that had, for the moment, the ear of the country and the world.
       
      Again with reference to a portion of the truthful fifth part of the testimony in monographs or special articles, it should be said that a concerted attempt has apparently been made by certain interested individuals and groups to cry down, suppress, or defame the authors.
       

         ***********************
       

      "All the South has ever desired was that the union, as established by our forefathers, should be preserved; and that the government, as originally organized, should be administered in purity and truth."
      ~~ Gen. Robert E. Lee 1866
       

         ***********************
       

      You might be a Yankee if... 
      You take the Wall Street Journal so your neighbors will see it in your driveway.
       

         ************************
       

      Rally sparks debate over flag
      "The Klan's counter-protesters were organizations that honor the heritage of fighting a war to protect slavery."
      Southern Poverty Law Center
      http://www.splcenter.org/intel/hatewatch/item.jsp?hid=1112
       

      Google opens up 200 years of news 
      The news archive search is one of several new Google services
      Web giant Google is further expanding its online empire with the launch of the Google News Archive Search.
      BBC NEWS
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/5317942.stm
       

      Museum, donor settle differences
      Lacombe man to take back his flag, other items
      Times Picayune, LA
      http://www.nola.com/news/t-p/metro/index.ssf?/base/news-16/1157610963102510.xml&coll=1
       

      Books by Clint Johnson
      http://www.clintjohnsonbooks.com/
       

      SCV Camp 813's
      Battle at Zachary Hill
      Saturday September 9, 2006
      http://pub19.bravenet.com/calendar/viewevent.php?usernum=1560065017&y=2006&m=09&d=09&id=33323
       

      Civil War Days
      Glen Allen, VA.
      Sept 9-10 2006
      http://shnv.homestead.com/9_10_06.html
       

      Rail Excursion To Chickamauga War Between The States Days Festival Sept. 16
      The Chattanoogan
      http://www.chattanoogan.com/articles/article_92255.asp
       
       
      POW Day, CSA
      Petersburg, VA
      4:00 pm to 5:00 pm
      September 16, 2006
      http://pub19.bravenet.com/calendar/viewevent.php?usernum=1560065017&y=2006&m=09&d=16&id=42155
       

      HISTORIC KENNESAW SPRINGS AND GREENSPACE PARK - CAMP MC DONALD CIVIL WAR CAMP, NEXT TO CITY HALL DOWNTOWN, TO BE DEVELOPED WITH 55 HIGH DENSITY TOWNHOMES AND A 400 CAR PARKING DECK. PUBLIC HEARINGS @ CITY HALL COUNCIL CHAMBERS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2006 @ 6:30 p.m. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2006 @ 6:30 p.m.
      Details:
      http://shnv.homestead.com/files/SEPTEMBER_18.html
       
       

       
      Southern Heritage News & Views  Keeping You Informed  http://www.thesouthernamerican.org/SHNV.html      SOUTHERN EVENTS CALENDAR  Post your Southern events, fundraisers,   meetings, etc. FREE  http://pub19.bravenet.com/calendar/show.php?usernum=1560065017      Southern Heritage News & Views Hot Spot  Check here often for breaking news between newsletters.  http://shnv.blogspot.com/      SHNV ARCHIVES  YahooGroups   8-12-1999 thru 1-14-2001  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SouthernHeritage/  Topica  3-27-2001 thru today  http://lists.topica.com/lists/southernheritage/read      Link Partners of SHNV  http://www.thesouthernamerican.org/SHNV.html       *******    


      Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in an attractive & well-preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, Champagne in one hand, strawberries in the other, body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming "What a Ride!" ~mary~
       
    • ~mary~
      SOUTHERN HERITAGE NEWS & VIEWS is dedicated to the preservation of Southern Heritage and to defend the honour of our Confederate ancestors. It is FREE
      Message 331 of 331 , Sep 7, 2006
      • 0 Attachment
        SOUTHERN HERITAGE NEWS & VIEWS is dedicated   to the preservation of Southern Heritage and   to defend the honour of our Confederate ancestors.   It is FREE and sent to you via E-mail.  To subscribe send blank e-mail to:  SouthernHeritage-subscribe@...      STAY ON THE CUTTING EDGE OF THE HERITAGE   BATTLE WITH OUR NEWS, OPINIONS AND UPDATES      Dixie Outfitters is working every day to   preserve our Southern heritage. When you   buy Dixie Outfitters apparel you are helping   in the effort to honor our ancestors and safeguard   our Southern way of life.   Buy the original and the best, Dixie Outfitters.  CALL TOLL FREE: 866-916-5866 for your free   color catalog or to place an order.  Visit our web site at: http://www.dixieoutfitters.com      REBEL YELL ON
         LINE   Your Source for Standard and Unique Rebel Merchandise  such as Redneck Gift Baskets and Dixie Birdhouses.  http://www.rebelyellonline.com/      
         
         
        Op-ed submission ref. Gettysburg 09/02/06
         
         
         
        Per our telephone conversation, the following is submitted:


        In "The battle over flag's meaning" (York Daily Record, Sunday, 09/03/06) following the protests by the 37th Texas Cavalry and others against the Klan’s appearance at the Gettysburg battlefield the York Daily Record wrote, "The Klan's counter-protesters were organizations that honor the heritage of fighting a war to protect slavery."

        With that statement a newspaper that was otherwise objective attempted to discredit honorable individuals and organizations by repeating flawed folklore rather than history.

        There was never a war fought in America to protect slavery just as there was never a war fought to end slavery.

        Northerners like to get the warm fuzzy feeling from the legend that they fought a noble war to end slavery while Southerners reminisce wistfully about states’ rights.

        Both are wrong.

        There was a war fought to resist ruinous taxation.  By 1860 the revenues from export tariffs on Southern raw goods and import duties on European finished goods had the South providing nearly 70% of the Federal budget.  Almost 90% of that budget was then spent to aid growing Northern industrialization.

        Southern agrarian states lacked the number of  Senators and Congressmen to resist wave after wave of targeted tariffs, taxes and duties which saw most great planatations either bankrupt or teetering on the verge of bankruptcy by 1860.

        In 1861 President-Elect Lincoln lobbied and pushed through a proposed Consitutional amendment to protect slavery forever (Corwin Amendment - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corwin_amendment).  Two State legislatures ratified it:  Ohio on May 13, 1861; followed by Maryland on January 10, 1862. Illinois bungled its ratification by holding a convention.  

        The South could have returned to the Union, helped ratify this Amendment and been victorious in fact and in principle IF the protection of slavery had been their cause for secession.  They did not.

        In his December, 1862, State of the Union Address Lincoln offered the South gradual compensated emancipation with slavery lasting until 1900.  Again the South refused this offer to protect slavery and Lincoln issued his hypocrtical “Emancipation Proclamation” only after this offer failed.

        Neither of these offers to protect slavery brought the South back into the Union - inexplicable if the South was “fighting a war to protect slavery.”

        The “Emancipaton Proclamation” did not free a single slave nor was it intended to do so.  Union slave states remained unaffected as did areas of the South controlled by Union forces and even the entire Confederate state of Tennessee.  Because of the language in the proclamation approximately 800,000 slaves remained in bondage in the North and South until December, 1865, almost eight months after Lee surrendered - meaning that the United States was the last slave nation in North America.

        European nations saw clearly what was happening.

        "...So Englishmen saw it. Lincoln's insincerity was regarded as proven by two things: his earlier denial of any lawful right or wish to free the slaves; and, especially, his not freeing the slaves in 'loyal' Kentucky and other United States areas or even in Confederate areas occupied by United States troops, such as New Orleans."  - The Glittering Illusion: English Sympathy for the Southern Confederacy, Sheldon Vanauken, 1989, Washington, DC: Regnery/Gateway

        The unsegregated Confederate Army included 13,000 Indians (one a Brigadier General), 6500 Hispanics (nine Colonels), 3500 Jews (including the Secretary of State), tens of thousands of foreign-born, Filipinos from Lousiana, Amerasians and many Black Southerners (Free and slave) who were documented fighting for the South.

        "Almost fifty years before the (Civil) War, the South was already enlisting and utilizing Black manpower, including Black commissioned officers, for the defense of their respective states.  Therefore, the fact that Free and slave Black Southerners served and fought for their states in the Confederacy cannot be considered an unusual instance, rather continuation of an established practice with verifiable historical precedence."  - "The African-American Soldier: From Crispus Attucks to Colin Powell" by Lt. Col [Ret.] Michael Lee Lanning

        Were these Black Southerners - many of them among the quarter-million Free People of Color in the South by 1860 - “fighting to protect slavery?”  They were regularly enlisted in the Confederate Army from the first days of the War because they saw the War as did Southerners and European observers:

        "For this war is essentially a war of conquest. If ever a nation did wage such a war, the North is now engaged, with a determination worthy of a more hopeful cause, in endeavoring to conquer the South..." - Col. James Arthur Lyon Fremantle, Coldstream Guards, British Army - "Three Months in the Southern States: April, June, 1863"

        Last Sunday’s editorial attempting to discredit wholesale those who stand against hate proves before one writes one should at least be minimally educated in the topic.  In this case the writer and the York Daily Record failed miserably.

        We simply ask that all act upon the facts of history.


        Michael Kelley
        Commanding, 37th Texas Cavalry (Terrell's)
        http://37thtexas.org
         

           *************
         

        Letters to the editor
        Roanoke Times, VA
         

        Pride and hate aren't related
         
        In his Aug. 29 letter to the editor, "One nation, indivisible," I couldn't help but laugh at Ryan McCarren calling people "Confederates."
         
        So, should I call him a "Yankee" or "Federal" for his Union heritage?
         
        I do have a problem with McCarren's comment, "'heritage, not hate' is a bunch of nonsense."
         
        Is he saying that people who fly the Confederate flag or take pride in their ancestors are filled with hate?
         
        True, there are better symbols to represent Southern heritage, and unfortunately the Confederate flag has been tainted by its use by certain organizations.
         
        McCarren's comment, "it was slavery, plain and simple" -- c'mon.
         
        Yes, slavery was a big issue, but it was also something that was dying when the Civil War began.
         
        Maybe he should consider the thought that only 20 percent of Southerners owned slaves, with an even smaller percentage possessing numerous slaves.
         
        Does that justify slavery? No, it was wrong, but here's something to think about:
         
        Why did so many Southern men fight if they didn't own slaves? What was the motivation for the average working man to fight for his home, state and rights?
         
        We need to be cautious of blanket statements.
         
        JOHNNY SINK
        ROANOKE
         

        Respecting heritage
         
        I read with great interest Ryan McCarren's Aug. 29 letter to the editor, "One nation, indivisible," and two points really stood out.
         
        n He felt the need to "honor his Union heritage (who wouldn't have guessed) and the brave men who fought to preserve the Union," but would deny the same privilege to Southerners.
         
        n He was absolutely sure he knew why the war was fought.
         
        For his information, "heritage, not hate" is not a bunch of nonsense but a sense of pride in our heritage.
         
        Also, for his information, at least 80 percent of the Confederate army was comprised of men who didn't even own one slave and never expected to do so.
         
        My opinion is that McCarren's lack of knowledge is only exceeded by his arrogance.
         
        S.M. DURRANT
        BUCHANAN
         
         

           ***********************
         

        Andersonville
         
         

        Part 1. Treatment of prisoners IN THE CONFEDERACY
         
        Issue 1. FROM THE GRAY BOOK
         
        By Matthew Page Andrews
         
        Author of the History of The United States, Dixie Book of Days, &C, &C.
         
        Only a generation ago, Raphael Semmes, commander of the Confederate warship Alabama, was widely advertised as a"pirate"and Robert E. Lee was stigmatized as a "traitor." Thousands of young Americans were taught so to regard these Southern leaders. Now, however , these terms are nearly obsolete; while many Northern historians, such as Charles Francis Adams, who fought on the Federal side in the War of Secession, and Gamaliel Bradford, who grew up after the war, have delighted in honoring Lee and other Southern leaders as Americans whose character and achievements are the ennobling heritage of a united Nation.
         
        It was more or less natural that Americans should have been led astray of the truth in the heat of sectional strife and partisan
         
        expression. Misconceptions have arisen out of every war. In fifty years, however, Americans have made progress in overcoming war prejudices than the people of other lands in the twice or thrice that period.
         
        This is encouraging, yet the fact that the greater number of our textbooks, and consequently our schools, teach that "the cause for which the South fought was unworthy:" that the Southern leaders "were laboring under some of the most curious hallucinations which a student of history meets in the whole course of his researches ;" and that "the South was the champion of the detested institution of slavery," indicates a lamentable state of historical ignorance on the part of those who should know better. The characters of the Southern leaders are longer aspersed but their motives are besmirched or clouded and their cause unjustly condemned because it is still widely misunderstood*(1).
         
        Furthermore, since the beginning of the World War of 1914, the conduct of the Prussians, together with the character of their cause, has been compared with the character of the Confederate conduct of the War of Secession, together with the cause and character of Southern statesman. Reputable magazines of wide circulation and writers of prominence have compared the Confederate treatment of prisoners with Prussian outrages in Belgium and France. American newspapers also have printed literally thousands of such comparative references. Fortunately, nine-tenths of these comparisons have been made through ignorance of the facts and not through any malicious desire of the authors to defame the fair name of a single fellow-American on the Confederate side or the "lost cause" which he represented with unsurpassed devotion and valor.
         
        Side by side with these accusations, in some cases, generous praise is bestowed upon the former "pirate" Semmes as having furnished a model for warfare on the high seas; and it is freely stated that his observance of all requirements of international custom and of the dictates of humanity in civilized warfare held not only to the letter, but also the full spirit of the law. It is not denied, also, that Lee, the Confederate chieftain and quondam "traitor" has offered the noblest example of orders of conduct for an army in the enemy’s country that all history can show, and that these orders were also carried out "even to the protection of a farmer’s fence rails!" The Boston Transcript, for example, took occasion, in 1917, to publish these orders in full.
         
        Nevertheless, in regard to the treatment of prisoners, the sweeping condemnation of James G. Blaine, delivered in an outburst of war-inspired and partisan condemnation of the South is still, in a general way, believed by Americans who have, of late, been echoing them, although in milder terms and in limitation of the number of those held to have been guilty. Mr Blaine declared some ten years after the war: "Mr Davis [President of the Confederate States] was the author, knowingly, deliberately, guiltily, and willfully, of the gigantic murder and crime at Andersonville. And I here, before God measuring my words, knowing their full extent and import declare that neither the deeds of the Duke of Alva in the low countries, nor the massacre of Saint Bartholomew, nor the thumb screws and engines of torture of the Spanish Inquisition, begin to compare in atrocity with the hideous crimes of Andersonville."
         
        Historians do not now accept this statement as true, solemnly made as it was by a man who, a few years later, barely missed election to the highest office in the gift of the people of the United States. Furthermore, American historians, even if inclined to bias, do not now go into any detail in the matter of these charges. They refer the reader, however, to a mass of matter(,) the major part of which is as false today as when James G. Blaine based upon it his colossal libel of Jefferson Davis and the military and civil authorities of the Southern Confederacy. As above stated, the so-called "general" historian has dropped this matter in detail, though Mr. Blaine exclaimed dramatically that it would remain as the "blackest page" in the annals of all time.*(2)
         
        On the other hand, innumerable monographs have been written upon this subject, four-fifths of which are either false per se, or based on false evidence such as that which has misled so many Americans from the time of James G. Blaine and contemporary historians, to editors of and writers in magazines and newspapers of the second decade in the twentieth century. With this one notable exception, American history is rapidly freeing its narrative of misconception in all its phases. It is here that we now find the last great stronghold of sectional misconception.
         
        If four-fifths of the monographs on prison life in the South are false per se, are based on false evidence, it follows that one-fifth are true or approximately so. The writer has had the privilege of knowing personally a distinguished Union Veteran who suffered privations at Libby Prison. Published in 1912, his story, as it affects his personal experiences, is doubtless true in every respect; yet this same good American helped to publish simultaneously another volume by one of his comrades that is a tissue of falsehood and slander from beginning to end. The voracious author seemed to take his mendacious comrade at his face value, and he advertised as worthy history a gross historical libel.*(3)
         
        The charges preferred against the authorities of the Confederacy were, for several years, made the most important subject under consideration by the people and even the government of the United States. During that period, the magnitude and violence of the accusations obscured much more weighty and serious problems and placed the South on the defensive, because it was not better element in the North but the radical and partisan minority that had, for the moment, the ear of the country and the world.
         
        Again with reference to a portion of the truthful fifth part of the testimony in monographs or special articles, it should be said that a concerted attempt has apparently been made by certain interested individuals and groups to cry down, suppress, or defame the authors.
         

           ***********************
         

        "All the South has ever desired was that the union, as established by our forefathers, should be preserved; and that the government, as originally organized, should be administered in purity and truth."
        ~~ Gen. Robert E. Lee 1866
         

           ***********************
         

        You might be a Yankee if... 
        You take the Wall Street Journal so your neighbors will see it in your driveway.
         

           ************************
         

        Rally sparks debate over flag
        "The Klan's counter-protesters were organizations that honor the heritage of fighting a war to protect slavery."
        Southern Poverty Law Center
        http://www.splcenter.org/intel/hatewatch/item.jsp?hid=1112
         

        Google opens up 200 years of news 
        The news archive search is one of several new Google services
        Web giant Google is further expanding its online empire with the launch of the Google News Archive Search.
        BBC NEWS
        http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/5317942.stm
         

        Museum, donor settle differences
        Lacombe man to take back his flag, other items
        Times Picayune, LA
        http://www.nola.com/news/t-p/metro/index.ssf?/base/news-16/1157610963102510.xml&coll=1
         

        Books by Clint Johnson
        http://www.clintjohnsonbooks.com/
         

        SCV Camp 813's
        Battle at Zachary Hill
        Saturday September 9, 2006
        http://pub19.bravenet.com/calendar/viewevent.php?usernum=1560065017&y=2006&m=09&d=09&id=33323
         

        Civil War Days
        Glen Allen, VA.
        Sept 9-10 2006
        http://shnv.homestead.com/9_10_06.html
         

        Rail Excursion To Chickamauga War Between The States Days Festival Sept. 16
        The Chattanoogan
        http://www.chattanoogan.com/articles/article_92255.asp
         
         
        POW Day, CSA
        Petersburg, VA
        4:00 pm to 5:00 pm
        September 16, 2006
        http://pub19.bravenet.com/calendar/viewevent.php?usernum=1560065017&y=2006&m=09&d=16&id=42155
         

        HISTORIC KENNESAW SPRINGS AND GREENSPACE PARK - CAMP MC DONALD CIVIL WAR CAMP, NEXT TO CITY HALL DOWNTOWN, TO BE DEVELOPED WITH 55 HIGH DENSITY TOWNHOMES AND A 400 CAR PARKING DECK. PUBLIC HEARINGS @ CITY HALL COUNCIL CHAMBERS MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2006 @ 6:30 p.m. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 2006 @ 6:30 p.m.
        Details:
        http://shnv.homestead.com/files/SEPTEMBER_18.html
         
         

         
        Southern Heritage News & Views  Keeping You Informed  http://www.thesouthernamerican.org/SHNV.html      SOUTHERN EVENTS CALENDAR  Post your Southern events, fundraisers,   meetings, etc. FREE  http://pub19.bravenet.com/calendar/show.php?usernum=1560065017      Southern Heritage News & Views Hot Spot  Check here often for breaking news between newsletters.  http://shnv.blogspot.com/      SHNV ARCHIVES  YahooGroups   8-12-1999 thru 1-14-2001  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SouthernHeritage/  Topica  3-27-2001 thru today  http://lists.topica.com/lists/southernheritage/read      Link Partners of SHNV  http://www.thesouthernamerican.org/SHNV.html       *******    


        Life should NOT be a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in an attractive & well-preserved body, but rather to skid in sideways, Champagne in one hand, strawberries in the other, body thoroughly used up, totally worn out and screaming "What a Ride!" ~mary~
         
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