Lake Lowell CCP -- examples and references
- Steve wrote:
> I think our best shot is to see if we can find another location with inkitesailing.
> the National Wildlife Refuge system that allows windsurfing and
> That would set a precedent....Just finished a more comprehensive search through documents on fws.gov,
and I can find EXAMPLES for both banning and allowing. And I can imagine
someone writing an appropriateness and a compatibility finding either
way for Deer Flat.
Alligator River and Pea Island NWR disallow "kiteboarding and the use of
personal watercraft": http://www.fws.gov/peaisland/reg.html
J.N. "Ding" Darling National Wildlife Refuge prohibits "kite surfing,
kite boarding, wind surfing, sail boarding, and any similar type of
But we want "pro" examples, so... I found two:
The Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge allows
Lake Woodruff NWR allows "boating," and mentions the greater disturbance
from power-boating, water skiing, and aircraft to that of "over water
with little noise (e.g., sailing, wind surfing, rowing, and canoeing)"
per a 1992 study. See pgs. 250 and 263-5 (PDF pgs 258, 271-3) of the April
2008 LAKE WOODRUFF NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE DRAFT COMPREHENSIVE CONSERVATION
PLAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT (SE Region, Atlanta GA):
This document shows the (or "a") nominal forms for "Appropriateness"
and "Compatibility" findings.
Some other useful references:
The NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 1997
defines "compatible use" as "a wildlife-dependent recreational use or
any other use of a refuge that, in the sound professional judgment of
the Director, will not materially interfere with or detract from the
fulfillment of the mission of the System or the purposes of the refuge."
The "any other use" loophole is what allows for non-priority activities,
as long as they don't "materially interfere with or detract from."
More readable summary:
(Make sure you use your sailing outings for the purpose of viewing wildlife,
and we'll be a-ok? And don't block anyone else's view.)
Note that the "process for determining compatible uses" involves this
untidy business of public comment.
The National Wildlife Refuge Administration Act, as amended:
16USC668dd (d)(3)(B) spells out the 9-step "compatibility
Tom von Alten http://fortboise.org/