PA: City Police Knew of Infiltration
- Friday, September 8, 2000
City police knew of infiltration, state police say
A mayoral directive puts restrictions on undercover action by
city officers against protesters.
By Craig R. McCoy and Linda K. Harris
[PHILADELPHIA] INQUIRER STAFF WRITERS
The Philadelphia Police Department knew that undercover state
police officers planned to infiltrate groups organizing protests
during the Republican National Convention, a state police
spokesman said yesterday.
"We told them in advance that we would be infiltrating certain
groups," said Jack Lewis, state police spokesman.
The state police did not seek permission from city police before
starting the undercover operation.
Philadelphia police "were not involved in making decisions about
what we were doing," Lewis added. "We just ran our own operation."
The infiltration took place as the city itself faced restrictions
on using its own officers for such undercover operations under a
long-standing mayoral directive.
The infiltration continued to draw sharp criticism yesterday from
the state chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union as well as
from participants in the demonstrations.
Stefan Presser, the Pennsylvania ACLU's legal director, said the
use of state police undercover agents was "an end-run around the
mayoral directive. Through the state police, they accomplished
indirectly what they couldn't accomplish directly."
The directive became binding on city police in 1987, after the
ACLU and other groups filed a federal lawsuit challenging the
Police Department's infiltration of leftist groups planning to
protest during the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the
The directive says the city police cannot infiltrate protest
groups without the permission of the mayor, the managing director,
and the police commissioner. This requirement, say the civil-
liberties lawyers who pushed for it, was designed to ensure
accountability when police go undercover against protest groups.
While Mayor Street and Police Commissioner John F. Timoney continued
yesterday to refuse comment on the state's undercover operation, it
was enthusiastically endorsed by Gov. Ridge.
Ridge's spokesman, Tim Reeves, called the state police action "a
basic step to ensure public safety in the face of a clear threat."
Lewis said the undercover work was appropriate to "our primary role
at the convention, which was providing protection for governors in
During the convention, Timoney repeatedly denied that police had
engaged in infiltration.
At a news conference yesterday afternoon, representatives from
various protest groups, along with the city public defender's office
and members of the ACLU, denounced the contents of search-warrant
documents made public Wednesday.
The documents were the first public acknowledgement that police had
infiltrated groups planning to protest during the Republican
The documents were part of the probable-cause affidavits for search
warrants for three vehicles and a warehouse at 4100 Haverford Ave.
in West Philadelphia, where more than 100 puppets and a large float
were being built.
Jessica Mammarella, who was arrested inside the warehouse Aug. 1
along with 75 others, said yesterday that the protesters inside knew
there were undercover police among them.
"We're a movement trying to build, and we didn't think we should
exclude people," Mammarella said.
"Those people were involved in almost every process of what we did.
We're a little bit upset about that. There was a trust thing there.
I feel very betrayed."
Mike Morrill, organizer of the Unity 2000 march held the Sunday before
the convention began July 31, said his group was cited in the search
warrant, even though it had a legal permit to march.
"Unity 2000, from the beginning, was a legal action. We did everything
according to their rules. Yet from Day 1, we were still investigated
The protesters say they are also concerned about the return of their
property seized in the warehouse raid.
Attorney Andrew F. Erba has written several letters to the city's Risk
Management Division requesting the return of the property. The city's
response, he said, has been unsatisfactory.
"Generally, they don't come in and take all your property," Erba said.
"What's unusual about this is, they went into the warehouse after all
the kids were taken out, and they took all the property and took it
Morgan Fitzpatrick Andrews, 29, who lives in West Philadelphia, was
not arrested during the raid. He was putting on a puppet show with his
Shoddy Puppet Company the afternoon of the raid. He said he lost six
pairs of scissors, a drill, two hammers, two saws, staple pliers, and
other tools that were in the warehouse when it was raided.
"I went to Risk Management. I went to L&I," Andrews said. "After getting
this claims form, I was told that my stuff was in the seventh floor of
City Hall in the evidence room. They said, 'That's being held for
Craig R. McCoy's e-mail address is cmccoy@...
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