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Iraqi Labor Leaders Speak

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  • Dan Clore
    News & Views for Anarchists & Activists: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/smygo http://www.ww4report.com/node/7883 IRAQI LABOR LEADERS SPEAK Their Fight for
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 2 12:14 AM
      News & Views for Anarchists & Activists:

      Their Fight for Workers and Against Occupation
      from Building Bridges, WBAI Radio

      On October 5, "Building Bridges: Your Community & Labor Report," hosted
      by Mimi Rosenberg and Ken Nash on New York's non-commercial WBAI Radio,
      ran an interview with four Iraqi labor leaders who were on the East
      Coast on a tour sponsored by US Labor Against the War: Hassan Jumaa,
      president of the Iraqi Federation of Oil Unions; Rasim Awadi, president
      of the General Federation of Iraqi Workers; Sardar Mohammed, president
      of the Iraqi Kurdish Workers Syndicates & Unions; and Falah Alwan,
      president of the Federation of Workers Councils & Unions in Iraq. They
      spoke about the struggle for workers rights under occupation and the
      prospects for rebuilding Iraq's industrial sector—and expressed
      sometimes divergent views on how and when the US should withdraw.

      Mimi Rosenberg: Now, a Building Bridges exclusive. Iraq labor federation
      leaders share their views and stories on the conditions workers face on
      the ground, their struggles against privatization, and their
      perspectives on the United States occupation of their country. Why don't
      we begin with our first guest, who we welcome to New York...

      Rasim Awadi: Yes, I am the head of the General Federation of Iraqi
      Workers, which groups workers from all the provinces. In 1987, Saddam
      shut down all labor unions in the public sector. Right after the
      occupation, a lot of the factories were shut down, and remain closed to
      this day, not operating. So we have a limited number of members in our
      union. We had a conference right after [the invasion] in 2003, with a
      representative from the Ministry of Labor, and we held elections in all
      our locals. There were other unions that were formed after 2003, among
      them the labor union in Kurdistan, which we have a great relationship with.

      There are only six labor unions operating in Iraq, because of the fact
      that the law still forbids union organization in the public sector. Our
      activity is still being hampered, our union workers are oppressed by the
      actual regime. Since all the funds that belonged to the previous trade
      unions were frozen by the [Saddam] government, our financial situation
      is dire, and we operate on a shoestring budget.

      Falah Alwan: The situation of the workers' movement in Iraq is a part of
      the situation of the whole society. Our society is a society under
      occupation—despite the lies of the security argument and other pretexts.
      We are suffering from a devastation of the fundamental structure of
      society—industry, the health sector, the education sector. The
      authorities cannot impose their law because of the hegemony of the
      militias in many provinces.

      After the fall of Saddam, the workers organizations tried to rebuild—or
      rather, to build, because before that we had no real unions. The union
      federation in the Saddam era was a part of the state, it imposed the
      policies of the regime on the workers. But after [the invasion], we
      created our organizing committees in many sectors. Our federation held
      its first congress in December 2003. But the workers are still not one
      of the main powers in society—despite the fact that there are about 5
      million workers in Iraq. If we count them with their families, there are
      20 million. So they are the majority of the society. But they have no
      significant political role in events. Society is polarized according to
      religion, according to tribe, according to language—but not polarized
      according to class.

      Ken Nash: Maybe now we should hear from the representative of the
      Kurdish unions...

      Sardar Mohammed: In Kurdistan, we began labor union organizing after
      1991 [when Kurdistan became autonomous], holding elections in our
      workplaces—including the public sector. The democratic political system
      in Kurdistan allowed us to overcome that hurdle. We have nine branches
      of our union across Kurdistan. However, that law [barring unionization
      of the public sector] is still in effect, and could be enforced in any
      part of Iraq. That law was never abolished.

      We enjoy more freedom than in the rest of Iraq; we can organize, we can
      publish, we educate the workers in a democratic way. And we are trying
      to create a national federation with the other unions in Iraq, in order
      to push for a better law for the Iraqi workers. This is our struggle, we
      have to fight for our rights.

      Ken Nash: Let's hear from our friend from the oil workers union. I think
      our listeners would like to hear about the struggle against the oil
      privatization in Iraq.

      Hassan Jumaa: I am the head of the labor union in the oil sector in
      Iraq. I want to emphasize the fact that we do not enjoy any protected
      rights under the existing laws in Iraq. We share the same problems and
      the same suffering as other workers in Iraq. We don't have social
      security, we don't have health plans, any benefits.

      But we are one of the strongest unions, because we are in a sector that
      makes up 80% of Iraq's economy. We know well the reason for the invasion
      and occupation of Iraq—its resources, and specifically the oil. And we
      struggle along side our fellow workers in other sectors of the economy
      in order to protect Iraq's resources. All the sectors are in solidarity
      on this point; they all understand that the oil resources and revenues
      belong to all Iraqis, from the north to the south. We are all concerned
      about the dangers that the oil sector faces. We all know and understand
      that our salvation comes from these oil resources. Oil revenues could be
      used to rebuild Iraq. Therefore all the Iraqi trade unions have their
      reservations about the new Iraqi oil law and the current licensing of
      oil contracts to foreign entities. And we discuss with workers in other
      sectors the future and outcome of these privatizations and what they
      will mean for the Iraqi worker.

      Mimi Rosenberg: Do the workers in Iraq see themselves as a collective
      force to assume power in society?

      Hassan Jumaa: We hope that we can achieve that point. The working class
      in Iraq is a very powerful one, if given the chance it could be in the
      leadership position. But we're not there yet.

      Rasim Awadi: The workers nearly took power in 1959. One day after the
      May Day celebrations in 1959, the head of the CIA said that Iraq was now
      the most dangerous country in the world, because the workers were
      calling for power. But now the workers are more loyal to the political
      parties than to the unions. Some 75% of the workers belong to one of the
      religious political parties.

      In the 1960s, even the nationalist parties, under the pressure of the
      working class in Iraq, adopted many reforms that were favorable to the
      workers. The workers were calling for power, so even the nationalist
      parties adopted the slogans of the workers at that time, and pretended
      to be socialists. But today the political powers in Iraq work to limit
      our activities, to prevent us from taking a leadership role.

      Mimi Rosenberg: What are the effects of the occupation on being able to
      advance the interests of the workers in your respective unions?

      Hassan Jumaa: The occupation destroyed the entire industrial
      infrastructure in Iraq. Nearly all the factories are not functioning.
      There is 50% unemployment. The only sector that is still viable is the
      oil sector, and there is still some leather and textile production.

      Even in the port of Basra, the occupation gave concessions to foreign
      companies to operate the port authority, which caused the Iraqi workers
      there to start demonstrating and demanding their jobs back. All the arms
      factories, which constituted a major industry in Iraq, were closed by
      the occupation. They could have been converted to help rebuild the
      country. This decision cost the Iraqis billions of dollars. Those who
      govern Iraq are not Iraqis, but the Americans.

      Mimi Rosenberg: What is the message of the Iraqi labor movement to
      President Obama and the Americans?

      Hassan Jumaa: We ask President Obama and the American people to push for
      the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq. And we ask the American
      people for help in rebuilding Iraq's infrastructure and economy. Because
      all the companies that Bush brought to Iraq only looted the country. The
      love for the American people in Iraq is down to zero. We value the
      solidarity of working-class people in the US. But we believe that the
      troop withdrawal is not true, it's a fallacy. We want Iraq to be
      governed by Iraqis, by workers and people who stand in solidarity with

      Mimi Rosenberg: We are often told that there is still an issue of
      security, so we can't take all the troops out without jeopardizing the
      security of the people of Iraq. What is your response to this?

      Hassan Jumaa: In our view, Iraqis after the withdrawal of American
      troops will be able to govern themselves.

      Rasim Awadi: If there was an immediate and unplanned withdrawal of
      American troops from Iraq, there could be a shift in power that might
      put us in jeopardy. The US violated the Geneva Conventions and all the
      international treaties that put the responsibility on the occupier to
      protect the civilian population. Instead, the US promoted the coming [to
      power] of those militias and the factional fighting on our territory.

      Mimi Rosenberg: There seems to be a different of opinion here. So I ask
      our friend from the oil workers, what do you think needs to be done to
      address this chaotic situation created by the US invasion?

      Hassan Jumaa: After the Americans leave, Iraqis will be free to choose
      who will lead them. The US is responsible for the sectarianism that
      exists today. Because when the US invaded and dismantled the old regime,
      the new regime that the US created was based on sectarianism.

      I want to give an example about the responsibility of the US forces.
      After the bombing of the holy shrine [at Samarra's Golden Mosque in
      February 2006] that caused the sectarian war, the US forces disappeared
      from the streets for more than a week, in a very bad situation of
      conflict between the people. And we know that in governorates like
      Nassiriya, where there are no occupying US forces, there is no conflict.
      The security situation is better there than in other provinces of Iraq.
      That means the security in Iraq is not provided by the US military.

      So I believe another force, like the UN, can provide security for the
      Iraqi people. A withdrawal of US forces will create a better situation
      for our society.

      Mimi Rosenberg: Well, I thank you, and I want to say that there are many
      people in this country that really do support the self-determination of
      our sisters and brothers in Iraq, and we will try make sure that your
      message is heard more here.



      Iraqi Federation of Oil Unions

      General Federation of Iraqi Workers

      Federation of Workers' Councils and Unions in Iraq

      Building Bridges: Your Community & Labor Report

      US Labor Against the War

      Dan Clore

      New book: _Weird Words: A Lovecraftian Lexicon_:
      My collected fiction: _The Unspeakable and Others_
      (Wait for the new edition: http://hplmythos.com/ )
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      News & Views for Anarchists & Activists:

      "From the point of view of the defense of our society,
      there only exists one danger -- that workers succeed in
      speaking to each other about their condition and their
      aspirations _without intermediaries_."
      --Censor (Gianfranco Sanguinetti), _The Real Report on
      the Last Chance to Save Capitalism in Italy_
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