costume and hoods
- i was looking at the following book in the library:
Wagner, Eduard, major
Kroje, zbroj a zbrane doby predhusitske a husitske. German
Tracht, Wehr und Waffen des spaten Mittelalters, 1350-1450. Aust
Bilderquellen gesammelt und gezeichnet von Eduard Wagner. Text von
Zoroslava Drobna und Jan Durdik. (Deutsch von Charlotte Kirschner und
Prag) : Artia, (1957)
the watercolours look victorian to me however wagner was apparently a
german soldier during world war two
about the two czech writers i have no idea. neither has a book
published before the 1950s that i can tell.
at any rate the watercolor illustrations depict numerous examples of
chaperons hoods with liripipe ends.
i went and looked at books of mediaeval and religious paintings from
various eastern european countries.... and while i found some rare
instances of hoods in the various paintings shown in that region...
it was usually a mail hood or a kaffiyeh type scarf wrapped around the
head (retained in the mens national costume in albania apparently) and
turbans. headwear where it appears tends to be actual hats. women of
course are shown wearing veils in virtually all cases.
the bog examples of hoods that have been found have clear use of the
liripipe and chaperon style and come from sweden.
so my question is how widely distributed into the east was the typical
mediaeval hood. would it have included the liripipe? what would have
distinguished a chaperon from slavic countries from that of england or
france? if anything....
> so my question is how widely distributed into the east was the typicalRus - nothing. They wore hats.
> mediaeval hood. would it have included the liripipe? what would have
> distinguished a chaperon from slavic countries from that of england or
> france? if anything....
Lithuania, esp. in late mediaeval - must be (at least, as a Polish influence), as the fashion for hoods was kinda universal in 15 century, and Lithuania had identification with the West.
- well in transylvania... then hungary, now romania there is a town
called medias with an altar piece that includes a figure in the
classic chaperon folded over on top and the liripipe hanging down.
a portrait of wenceslas I also shows him dressed in this fashion.
in bosnia there is a jewish illumination of moses with very clear
liripipes but on further reading found this book was actually painted
in spain before being brought by fleeing jews to sarajevo.
in byzantine dress shepherds apparently wore hoods though there was no
tail. i havent found the original source yet as this was in a costume
book... however, in dalmatian (yugoslavia) national dress shepherds
wear similar hoods and in northern albania and especially kosovo the
albanian men wear something like a kaffiyeh. the kaffiyeh style also
appears in serbian and bulgarian paintings.
mail hoods go back at least to the gold treasures of bulgaria as there
is a well known gold medallion from bulgaria dressed in mail with a
mail hood. and ive seen similar mail attire in croatian stonework.
also orthodox priests and saints are often shown with hooded cloaks.
sometimes with two beagle ears hanging on each side of the face.
yet when i showed a photograph of a liripiped hood to a bulgarian
friend she said there is no way that could be bulgarian... the
medieval balkans were under ottoman control so she said their clothes
would be in the turkish fashion
im still working on this one.... please keep the suggestions coming.
--- In email@example.com, Alexey Kiyaikin aka Posadnik
>influence), as the fashion for hoods was kinda universal in 15
> > so my question is how widely distributed into the east was the typical
> > mediaeval hood. would it have included the liripipe? what would have
> > distinguished a chaperon from slavic countries from that of england or
> > france? if anything....
> Rus - nothing. They wore hats.
> Lithuania, esp. in late mediaeval - must be (at least, as a Polish
century, and Lithuania had identification with the West.