Re: 14th to 16th Century Bohemian Dress
- a long long time ago this request was posted:
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "D and L Potucek" <dpotucek@w...> wrote:
> Hello All,
> Does anyone have any good resources for 14th to 16th Bohemian Dress?
I have found a few isolated gems on line but nothing in print so far.
> Václav z Rokycan
SO... here is my belated answer:
I've only got sources for 14th century - my period. And unfortunately
they mainly focus on women. (sorry!)
Because in the fourteenth century, Prague was the seat of the holy
roman empire, it was extremely cosmopolitan. A university town full of
french, italian, english, germans, czechs and czech-germans, there
was a variety of styles. There was a sort of international style that
people seemed to have followed. However the impression I've got from
the below sources is that the 14th century czechs were very
flamboyant, favouring embellished and apparently exagerrated fashion.
My interest hasn't really extended post-hussite, so i'm not sure how
those wars affected dress in the social strata. A lot of this study is
piecework - a phrase here, a note there, compiling all the comments to
get a complete image.
It's valuable to look at the czech artists - a lot of art can be
viewed at the Web Gallery of Art http://www.wga.hu/index1.html, and
there are a lot of czech artists on there that you can look into. Look
into International Gothic style and you'll find loads of czechs.
Now... on to the References:
Sronkova, Olga. Gothic Woman's Fashion. Prague: Artia.
Drobná, Zoroslava. Les Tresors de la Broderie Religieuse en
Tchecoslovaquie. [Wloszczowski] Prague, Sfinx, 1950. 63 p. plates
(part col.), a small volume with about 27 pages of French language
text relevant to our period. Plates are gorgeous. this book describes
embellishment. I have translated the relevant section on beading in
the fourteenth century, not anything further however. it covers
secular and religious embroidery.
Drobná, Zoroslava. Gothic drawing Translated by Jean Layton. Prague, :
Artia [195-]. Line drawings and unfinished illuminations from late
14th century Czech manuscripts and sketchbooks. Excellent source
material, unusual/rarely seen images - including a fascinating series
of occupational dress illustrations - 14th century tavern-keeper,
bathhouse girl, miller etc etc.
Newton, Stella Mary. Fashion in the Age of the Black Prince: a study
of the years 1340-65. Woodbridge: Boydell Press; Totowa, NJ: Rowman
and Littlefield,1980. 157p. Index and bibliography. ISBN 0847669394.
Newton describes regional differences including a long discussion of
the frilled or goffered veil and its popularity in Bohemia.
Medieval Costume, Armour, and Weapons
by Eduard Wagner, Zoroslava Drobna, Jan Durdik. Dover Publications,
2001. This book has line drawings copied from czech miniatures,
illuminations and other artwork. If you have been looking at medieval
czech art (i have references for that, too), you will be familiar with
most of these images, but the helpful thing is that Wagner has
organized them into topics - a whole page of belt-purses, a whole page
of knives, etc etc, so you can view the variations on this without
having to actually do as I was doing before getting this book: tracing
the art. Only comment on this is WATCH out for drawings of people who
might actually have originally been illustrated as angels (now taken
out of context). Their clothes are usually not representative of what
was actually worn but rather a fantasy of finery. I usually note any
outfit that looks out of place, unusual in length or decoration, and
try to find other examples of the same style, shown in a secular
Boucher, Francois. 20,000 Years of Fashion - The History of Costume &
Personal Adornment. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1962. FA RF RM
391.09 B75h1 Pretty standard general history of costume. Is a decent
introduction to costume history. Divides medieval Europe into
western and eastern regions, does not cover east central europe,
however. Boucher "is honorary curator of Musee Carnavalet and
director of french center for costume studies."
With hopes of having helped,