Re: [sig] Use of Intoxicants in Indo-European Religious Practice
> > > > > the plant that isAccording to the Encyclopedia Britannica (look-- I'm woefully ignorant
> > > currently smoked was the leaves. Hashish is the
> > resin produced by the
> > > plants > Sometimes the leaf is smoked, but I am
> told that
> > this is an inferiour
> > product to the flower buds. >
about this sort of thing, so I have to go to the reference books):
"Marijuana, hashish, charas, ghanja, bhang, kef, and dagga are
names that have been applied to various varieties and preparations
of the hemp plant. Hashish, named after the Persian founder of the
Assassins of the 11th century (Hasan-e Sabbah), is the most potent
of the cannabis preparations, being about eight times as strong as
the marijuana used in the United States. Very few geographic
areas are capable of producing a plant rich enough in resins to
produce hashish. Unless sifted and powdered, hashish appears in a
hardened, brownish form with the degree of darkness indicating
strength. The North African either eats it in a confection or smokes
it, the water pipe often being used to cool the smoke. The effects
are more difficult to regulate when hashish is either ingested as a
confection or drunk. In India, this resinous preparation of cannabis
is called charas.
Ghanja is a less active form of cannabis. Whereas hashish and
charas are made from the pure resin, ghanja is prepared from the
flowering tops, stems, leaves, and twigs, which have less resin and
thus less potency. Ghanja is nevertheless one of the more potent
forms of cannabis. It is prepared from specially cultivated plants in
India, and the flowering tops have a relatively generous resinous
exudate. Ghanja is consumed much in the manner of charas.
Bhang is the least potent of the cannabis preparations used in India.
It does not contain the flowering tops found in ghanja. As a result,
bhang contains only a small amount of resin (5 percent). It is either
drunk or smoked. When drunk, the leaves are reduced to a fine
powder, brewed, and then filtered for use. Bhang is also drunk in
Hindu religious ceremonials.
Marijuana is the variety of cannabis grown in the Western
Hemisphere. Considered mild in comparison to other forms of
cannabis, it is similar in potency to the bhang used in India.
Typically, it is smoked, but occasionally it is brewed as a tea or
baked into cakes. Marijuana varies considerably in potency."
Jadwiga Zajaczkowa, mka Jennifer Heise jenne@...
disclaimer: i speak for no-one and no-one speaks for me.
"My silences had not protected me. Your silences will not protect
you.... What are the words you do not yet have? What are the tyrannies
you swallow day by day and attempt to make your own, until you will
sicken and die of them, still in silence?" -- Audre Lourde