Re: [sig] Temple Rings
- In a message dated 2/17/2001 4:20:20 PM Pacific Standard Time,
<< According to the book in front of me, the enamel-work items you are
describing are called "kolty" (kolt, singular), and the plain metal items
are temple rings (visochnye kol'tsa). Since they both hang from a
headdress of some sort, I guess the only difference (that we know of) is
what they look like. >>
Actually, they are more different from each other than that. Temple rings
were flat metal pieces, and could be worn in the hair as well as on a
headdress. There was a lot of regional variety in their design. For example,
for Slovenie in Novgorod they were made as large rings with diamond-shaped
decorations. Viatichi, residents of the Oka valley, wore seven (3 on one side
of the face and 4 on the other) seven-bladed rings. West of them, Radimichi
wore similar temple rings with seven beams on each. Still farther west,
Severyanie wore temple rings made of wire spirals. In many tribes, women wore
one or two small wire rings, while Drevlyanie, who lived in the Volyn region,
wore multiples of such rings. In Polesie, Dregovichi wore temple rings with
added granulated copper beads. Beginning in the XIIth century, the temple
rings started to loose their regional specificity. For example, temple rings
with three smooth or lacy beads, produced in Kiev, were known all over the
Ancient Rus' territory.
Kotly, on the other hand, were hollow metal ornaments (shaped something
like closed clamshells or flat balls) decorated with enamel, granulation, or
blackening, and secured to the headdress at the temples. They developed later
than the temple rings, and were worn primarily by city women.
Most of this information is from:
Rabinovich, M. G. Drevnerusskaia odezhda IX-XIII vv. (Ancient Russian dress
of IX-XIII cc.). In Rabinovich, M. G. (ed.) Drevniaia Odezhda Narodov
Vostochnoy Evropy. Nauka, Moskow, 1986, pp. 40-62.
(this volume also has pictures of many regional varieties of the temple rings)
- Thank you Liudmila, for this clarification! The book I was looking at was
an "art book", with very little text. Nice pics, though.
>Actually, they are more different from each other than that. Temple ringssomething
>were flat metal pieces, and could be worn in the hair as well as on a
> Kotly [sic], on the other hand, were hollow metal ornaments (shaped
>like closed clamshells or flat balls) decorated with enamel, granulation, or
>blackening, and secured to the headdress at the temples. They developed later
>than the temple rings, and were worn primarily by city women.