Sharia News Watch 46
- Sharia News Watch 46 : a collection news quotes on Sharia, for
research & educational purposes only. [*]
all editions: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/shariawatch/
Scarf ban on Bahrain policewomen lifted 07 Apr 03
Bahrain's policewomen will be allowed to go to work wearing their head
scarves or Hijab beginning from today. A total of 135 policewomen
have sent a letter to His Majesty King Hamad last month demanding the
Interior Ministry lifts a ban on wearing the Hijab.
Last week in Parliament, Interior Minister Shaikh Mohammed bin Khalifa
Al Khalifa said that there was no law banning policewomen from wearing
the head scarf, but its type had to be in keeping with the uniform.
Mr Mohammed said policewomen have now informed MPs that the ministry
was introducing a new uniform for them. They will now be required to
wear long shirts and trousers at work.
Hunger strike mum vows new fight 11 Apr 03
Ms Rabea had lost a case for custody of her daughters Ghazlan, seven,
and Janat, five, and then lost an appeal too.
But there is still hope, according to her lawyer Mohammed Al Mutawa,
who said that the proper legal procedure wasn't followed by either the
Lower Sharia Court or the Higher Sharia Appeals Court, both Sunni
courts. "The lower court has no jurisdiction over child custody
according to Bahrain law but it judged in favour of Ms Rabea's husband
anyway," he said.
"She filled an appeal with the Higher Sharia Appeals Court but that
court did not recognise that a procedural error was made by the first
court and upheld the verdict. "There is no higher court in this case
because the Court of Cassation, the highest court in the land, does
not handle Sharia cases, only civil and criminal cases.
"Our only option is to go back to the High Sharia Appeals Court and
ask them to look at the case again because there is a clear procedural
error," pointed Mr Al Mutawa.
Australia hears gay asylum claim 08 Apr 03
Two gay men from Bangladesh have asked the High Court in Australia to
grant them asylum because they fear persecution at home for their
The defendants' lawyer, Bruce Levet, told Australia's final court of
appeal that the couple had already been stoned and whipped for their
sexuality and that the local Islamic council had issued a fatwa
Mr Levet said that the Review Tribunal's argument that the men would
face no persecution at home if they were discreet about their
homosexuality, was tantamount to arguing that Holocaust victim Anne
Frank was safe from Nazis in World War II as long as she continued to
hide in an attic.
But Ann Duffield, an adviser to Immigration Minister Philip Ruddock,
said the government believed "homosexuality is... not a valid reason
for seeking asylum under the UN Convention on Refugees".
Police call for investigation against Islamic sect 08 Apr 03
Police in Southern Bulgaria on Tuesday asked a prosecutor to order an
investigation against four members of Muslim religious sect suspected
of fundamentalist propaganda. Police in Pazardzhik, 100 kilometers
(62 miles) southeast of Sofia, said members of the Chalifate sect
called in their sermons to replace Bulgaria's existing legislation by
the Islamic religious law or the Sharia. Police said sect members
preached in a Roma neighborhood of Pazardzhik. Officers said they
seized outlawed fundamentalist literature in places where sect
followers gathered. The Chalifate sect is banned in neighboring Turkey
and in Germany.
'I sincerely apologize': Ottawa imam 08 Apr 03
An apology was issued last night by Gamal Solaiman, the Ottawa imam
who called on Muslims across the Middle East to take up arms in a holy
war against American troops in Iraq, after Denis Coderre, the Minister
of Citizenship and Immigration, said he intended to conduct an
''investigation'' into his inflammatory comments.
Mr. Solaiman issued the apology after a furor erupted both on
Parliament Hill and across the country among religious and political
leaders who demanded he retract his statements
During Sunday's edition of Global's Ottawa Inside Out, Mr. Solaiman
said he supports the call for a jihad, or holy war, as issued by
Saddam Hussein and many other Middle Eastern religious leaders. ''I do
[support the jihad],'' Mr. Solaiman told the television panel.
''Because to my mind, it [the American-led military action] is not a
war for justice. It is not a war for principle.''
Arrests in Egypt: when the personal gets political 08 Apr 03
Since US and British forces launched their attacks on Iraq, there have
been reports of hundreds of arrests at anti-war protests in Cairo and
human rights organizations have issued worldwide alerts. There are
also alarming reports of torture.
In an illustration of the activist side of globalization, dozens of
people are circulating information in e-mails around the globe and
calling on the Egyptian government to investigate charges of wrongful
arrests and torture. One activist has even put up the information on
the Oklahoma Students Against the War website, which can be found at
Several of the detainees are women. Women Against the War and other
women's groups have been organizing petitions to the Egyptian
Parliament calling for official investigations into the arrests and
torture of non-violent demonstrators. The women's groups are also
collecting "donations and other things essential for surviving
Egyptian prison conditions," as one activist put it, adding:
generally realized, but the condition in the main women's prison
much worse than in most men's. An acquaintance of mine spent nine
months last year in a cell with 100 other women and two buckets as
toilets and an outbreak of meningitis."
[Ayodhya]Buddhists stake claim to disputed Hindu-Muslim religious
.. 06 Apr 03
The Lord Buddha Club has filed a petition in the Allahabad High Court,
citing fifth century writings by Chinese travellers to support a claim
Ayodhya was once a Buddhist city.
[Kashmir] Hardline group says protecting Kashmiri non-Muslims is
"Islamic duty" 07 Apr 03
A hardline Islamic militant group fighting Indian rule in Kashmir on
Monday said Muslims had a religious duty to protect non-Muslims.
Idrees is Lashkar's commander in the Muslim-dominated south
-- where 24 Hindus were massacred by unidentified gunmen on March 23
in the village of Nadi Marg. The Indian army has blamed Lashkar and
another hardline group Jaish-e-Mohammad for the attack.
His statement comes a few days after the founder and former head of
Lashkar-e-Taiba said "killing Hindus" was the best approach
56-year-old dispute between Pakistan and India over Kashmir. "We
like to give India a tit-for-tat response and reciprocate in the same
way by killing the Hindus, just like it is killing the Muslims in
Kashmir," Hafiz Saeed said Wednesday.
Lashkar and Jaish -- also blamed by India for an attack on its
parliament in December 2001 -- denied they were to blame for the Nadi
Marg attack and accused the security forces of carrying it out to
malign the militant movement. "The members of the minority
should continue to live in Kashmir without any apprehensions,"
said. "Islam does not permit targeting non-Muslims."
Indian officials say the rebels carried out the massacre to discourage
Kashmiri Hindus returning to the Kashmir Valley.
War puts Indonesia KFC in a food fight 06 Apr 03
In Indonesia, Muslim students are protesting the war in Iraq by
leading a vocal boycott against American fast-food chains. KFC Corp.
is fighting back this month by adding chicken balls to its menu.
When the United States began bombing Afghanistan, for example, the
owner of the McDonald's Corp. franchise for Indonesia, himself a
Muslim, put up pictures of his family in Islamic garb and played
religious music in his stores.
But in Indonesia, KFC, a unit of Yum! Brands Inc. of Louisville, has
concluded that what works best is a good, old-fashioned special offer.
"No matter what, at the end of the day, customers here look at price,"
said Mario Ledres, general manager of finance at PT Fastfood
Indonesia, the local franchisee.
And while KFC is sticking to its value-price strategy, it has stepped
up training to alert staff how to handle potentially incendiary
incidents. The company's emergency-response manual instructs employees
to change into their uniform only after they are inside the store, and
to ask protesters politely to let them inside if they encounter a
gathering at the start of a shift. "If there's a crowd outside, we
monitor it. If the crowd gets unruly, we shut the store," Ledres said.
The anti-American boycotts and pickets, plus the economic impact of
last year's terrorist bombing on the Indonesian resort island of Bali,
in which more than 180 people were killed, apparently have taken a
toll on KFC's profits. According to Fastfood Indonesia, KFC's 2002
revenues fell 8 percent short of its forecasts, but still grew by 20
percent from a year earlier. Management feels the effect would have
been much greater if it hadn't rolled out a steady stream of special
But as students step up their calls to action over the Iraq war,
management fears there is more to come. KFC estimates March sales will
fall about 9 percent short of forecasts. Added Ledres: "We haven't
seen the worst of it yet."
The Cybercaliphate 11 Apr 03
On sub-tropical Sunday mornings in August, in the square outside the
Fatahillah Museum in north Jakarta, cultural tableaux testifying to
Indonesia's diversity take place. In one of them, a troupe of Balinese
schoolgirls performs the elegant Legong dance that interprets, in its
distinctive way, aspects of the island's ancient Hindu traditions. In
its present Jakarta version, however, instead of the sinuous
traditional dress, the girls cover their heads with white scarves.
Such puritanical disdain for traditional practice reflects the growing
Islamisation of Indonesian cultural life. It marks a significant
breach with the recent and historical past, when both pre- and
postcolonial Javanese rulers took pride in a syncretism that
amalgamated religious and cultural differences into an original
Indonesian blend. Across Jakarta today, however, middle-class women
anxiously debate - while sipping cafe lattes in the downtown shopping
malls - whether it is Islamically correct to wear the stylish
"millennium" headscarf, elegantly tied at the nape of the neck, as a
fitting accompaniment to lipstick and Ray-Bans.
The Jakarta Charter of 1945 declared the centrality of Sharia to the
future of the inchoate republic, but the modernising nationalist
regimes of Sukarno (1950-66) and Soeharto (1966-98) had no use for
such views. In 2002, however, Islamisation was back on the political
agenda. Although eventually rejected by the MPR, the Sharia amendment
received support from vice-president Hamzah Haz, assembly speaker
Amien Rais and two small Islamic parties in the assembly.
It was also endorsed on the streets by increasingly assertive Islamist
groups like the Front Pembela Islam (Islamic Defenders Front), Hizb
ut-Tahrir (Islamic Liberation Party) and the Majlis Mujaheddin
Indonesia (Assembly of Indonesian Mujaheddin), and it is clear that
these groups have popular support that goes well beyond their formal
memberships. A December 2001 survey conducted by the State Institute
of Islamic Studies found that 61 per cent of the population responded
positively to the statement that "Islamic government, that is
government based on the Quran and the Sunna and led by experts in
Islam ... is the best for this country".
Karroubi hopes Iran's Parliament will not refer bill on elections to
Expediency Council 06 Apr 03
The GC [Guardians Council] last week rejected the bill arguing that
some articles of the bill contradicted the Constitution and the
Ismlaic Sharia law. The bill along with another one seeking to
increase the power of the President was submitted by President
Mohammad Khatami's Government, backed by nearly all reformist MPs now
holding the majority of the Majlis seats.
It has been basically drawn up to address the GC's prerogative of
Approbatory Supervision which enables the council to disqualify
candidates whom it considers as unfit for state posts from running in
Dispatches From Northern Iraq 05 Apr 03
Two weeks ago, on the morning after the first American missile strike
on Ansar al-Islam, the band of itinerant jihadists holed up in the
mountains on the Iranian border, a suicide car bomber pulled up at a
checkpoint and exploded himself.
Later [..], I drove up to where the Ansar terrorists had been pushed
out of their positions by a ground attack of U.S. special forces and
Kurdish militia. I drove past the blackened checkpoint where Moran had
died, past charred poles, smashed cinderblockdepressingly
unremarkablepast the empty Ansar bunkers of overturned earth and
sandbags, past an Ansar graveyard where the mounds of earth were
marked with small black metal numbered squares. Ansar had its main
military headquarters in Sergat, the last high village before the
massive rock and snow ridge that marks the border with Iran.
Everywhere was detritus of the battle: machine-gun-bullet casings,
piles of mortars, a black flag bearing the slogan, "The only way is
Sharia." An old man was carrying on his back a pile of wooden boards
that he had pulled from a bunker. "My donkey was killed in the
bombardment," he said. "I'll use these planks for rebuilding."
Kurdish Islamic leader rejects call for jihad against US, UK forces
.. [Al-Sharq al-Awsat- London] 03 Apr 03
Salah-al-Din Muhammad Baha-al-Din, secretary-general of the Islamic
Union in Kurdistan, a pro-Muslim Brotherhood group, has rejected a
fatwa [Islamic religious ruling] that was issued by a group of Muslim
scholars some time ago calling for jihad against the US and British
forces in their current war against Iraqi President Saddam Husayn. He
regarded this fatwa as illegal.
In statements to a television channel run by the Islamic Union,
Baha-al-Din said: We highly value and respect the fatwa that was
issued by some scholars among whom the name of Dr Ali Qarah Daghi,
spiritual leader of the union, was mentioned.
He added: However, we regard this fatwa as illegal because it did not
take the current situation in Iraq into account. The scholars who
issued the fatwa have no knowledge of this situation. Therefore, they
misjudged it amid the confusion caused by US attacks on the Iraqi
Dr Qarah Daghi is a professor at the University of Qatar and currently
heads the Kurdish Islamic League, which finances the Islamic Union in
Kurdistan. This league operates abroad as a relief body that collects
donations from Islamic figures and charity organizations and sends
them to Kurdistan to implement some service projects, build mosques,
and give financial and material assistance to poor families,
especially families of members of that organization, which expanded
remarkably in the past years as a result of this aid.
However, Qarah Daghi sent a letter from Qatar denying that he signed
In another development in the field, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
[PUK] forces continued two days ago and yesterday morning to chase
after members of the hard-line fundamentalist group of the Supporters
of Islam. This group's centres and camps in the mountainous areas
close to the border with Iran were bombed by US aircraft.
Troops welcomed with cheers and ritual flagellation 05 Apr 03
Shia Muslims in Umm Qasr performed a public ritual of self-
flagellation yesterday, an act that would have meant death if Saddam
Hussein still controlled the area. The ritual, performed at a funeral,
was the first open sign of defiance of the Iraqi regime by Shia
Muslims in the port town since it was captured by coalition forces.
Iraqis Sense the End of the Regime 08 Apr 03
The last days have also witnessed the battle of the Ayataollahs as the
Pentagon and the Iraqi government have tried to interpret and
reinterpret the greatest personalities in the land those, that
who have survived the mysterious murders, hangings and car accidents
of the past two decades. Ayatollah Al-Osmar Ali Assistani, for
example, was first claimed by the United States to have called upon
his Shiite flock not to fight the American occupation troops. Now the
good Ayatollah claims he was misquoted. He never urged his people to
collaborate and wants them to fight against the West. Or so say those
last editions of the Baghdad press.
Now Sheikh Abdul Karim Mohamed Biara Al-Mudaress has produced a fatwa,
which emphasizes the importance of Iraqi martyrdom in the battle
against the Americans. Far from a few paragraphs in government
newspapers, Al-Mudaress has been rewarded with a glossy brochure with
the entire text of his juridical opinion printed opposite a color
photograph of the white-bearded and bespectacled expert in Islamic
jurisprudence, complete with his hand-written signature.
Yet another Iraqi Shiite prelate, Sayed Hussein Sayed Ismael Al-Sadr,
has now demanded that true believers must fight the "devils,
criminals, Zionists and Crusaders." Since Saddam had developed the
habit of ridding himself of meddlesome preachers, the brochure
suggests that Al-Mudaress and Al-Sadr have nothing to fear from the
supreme leader as long as the supreme leader lives.
US hopes exile's return will sow seeds of new order 07 Apr 03
It has been 13 years since Abdelmajid al-Khoi has prayed at the Shrine
of Imam Ali, the holiest spot for Iraq's Shia Muslims. On Saturday, he
returned, and was mobbed by wellwishers and old friends.
Wearing his clerical garb and a green scarf, he disdained the bullet
proof vests carried by many of his entourage and US special forces
soldiers accompanying him to the heart of Najaf. "I have never felt so
safe as I do here," he says of the city, taken last week by US forces
after a four-day battle.
The Khoi name carries almost unlimited cachet in Shia Iraq: Ayatollah
Sayed Abdul-Qasim al-Khoi, Abdelmajid's father, was leader of much of
the Shia world until his death while under house arrest in Najaf in
Mr al-Khoi, who recently spoke to the FT in London about his hopes for
the US-led invasion, has been camped out with a group of baseball
cap-wearing US special forces soldiers in an abandoned factory on the
outskirts of Najaf.
US officials hope he can handle delicate negotiations with high
ranking Shia clergy in Najaf, as well as facilitate the creation of a
city government to take the place of the Ba'athist administration.
On Saturday, he tried to meet Iraq's Grand Ayatollah, Ali Sistani, who
was a student of his father's and succeeded him following his death in
1992, but the elderly cleric has been refusing all visitors this week.
He met the Ayatollah's son instead.
US forces have also been backing a little-known group called the Iraqi
Coalition for National Unity (ICNU), a group of 60-odd militiamen who
drive around on US special forces vehicles, but appear to be doing
Mr al-Khoi says he is not familiar with the ICNU, but has organised a
meeting of local wijaha or notables, to deal with the problem of local
administration, citing the Loya Jirga held in Afghanistan last year -
a meeting of tribal elders that elected Hamid Karzai as president - as
an example to be followed before free elections can be organised.
"What we need here is exactly like the Loya Jirga for Najaf," he says.
"Even if the Americans temporarily appoint one of their generals to be
president of Iraq, then the Shia will be fine with that," he says.
"But if they appoint a Sunni, then I guarantee there will be a revolt.
I will have to leave, because I promised them justice and it didn't
Shia cleric backed by Washington murdered 11 Apr 03
Abdul Majid al-Khoei and another cleric were stabbed and hacked to
death in the Imam Ali mosque, apparently while trying to make an
agreement with a governmentappointe official for control of the
In an apparent gesture of reconciliation, he accompanied Haider
al-Kadar, an appointee of the ministry of religion, into the
goldendomed mosque in Najaf when supporters of another group accosted
them. "The people were shouting they hate him, he should not be
here," a witness said. Mr Khoei pulled a gun and fired one or two
shots. It was unclear last night whether he had fired into the air or
the crowd. But both men were then rushed and hacked to death with
swords and knives.
Muslims urge embassy shutdown 06 Apr 03
The Supreme Council of Kenya Muslims (SUPKEM) has called on the
government to close down the US and British embassies in Nairobi in
protest at the two countries' invasion of Iraq, SUPKEM's chairperson
said on Sunday.
"We urge the government to shut the US and British embassies in Kenya
because these two nations have resorted to dictatorial behaviour that
is meant to hurt Muslims around the world," SUPKEM's chairman
Abdulghafur al-Busaidy said.
He urged Kenya to ignore calls by the US to close down the Iraqi
diplomatic mission in Nairobi. The Kenyan government is "studying"
that request, and has not yet taken its decision, the minister of
Foreign affairs, Kalonzo Musyoka, recently said.
Morocco only Islamic state upholding Commander of the Faithful
institution (official) 04 Apr 03
Seen from a political point of view, Morocco is the only Islamic state
upholding the Commander of the Faithful (Amir Al Mouminine)
institution, embodied by King Mohammed VI, "who belongs to the family
of the Prophet Sidna Mohamed's descendents," said Morocco's minister
of Waqf and Islamic Affairs, Ahmed Taoufiq.
Talking at the first World Congress of Spanish-speaking Muslims, held
in Seville on Thursday, the Moroccan official stressed that the Amir
Al Mouminine institution consists in preserving the doctrinal unity
inspired from the sharia (Islamic law) and the Malekite Rite (in
reference to Imam Malek) in terms of jurisprudence.
In Morocco nowadays there's a debate on modernity without renouncing
to religious and traditional values, said the Moroccan official, who
also recalled another no less important debate concerning the works of
the Royal Commission in charge of reforming the personal status
(Moudwana), including women's condition.
Spanish-speaking Muslim community in the world accounts for about 12
million worshipers, while the Moroccan expatriates living is Spain
represents 85 per cent of the whole Muslim community in Spain.
Stoning case mums in limbo 07 Apr 03
The fate of Amina Lawal and Fatima Usman - two village housewives
condemned to be stoned to death by Nigeria's new Sharia courts - will
hang in the balance until after this month's key elections. Both were
found guilty of having sex outside marriage by Islamic judges, and
both have been granted leave to appeal. Neither can be cleared until
after the next delicate stage in Nigeria's democratic development.
Nigeria will go to the polls for legislative elections on Saturday and
week later to elect or re-elect a president, in the first elections
since Africa's most populous country returned to civilian rule.
The case of Usman, 34, and her former boyfriend Ahmadu Ibrahim, who
had a baby together outside marriage, is less clear cut. Both were
sentenced to be stoned to death in absentia by a judge who belatedly
decided to apply Sharia principles to a case that began as a simple
civil claim against Ibrahim for paternity payments.
Sources in the pair's home village of New Gawu in Niger State, a
hour's drive from the federal capital Abuja, say the judge has now
been moved to other functions. But, their lawyer says, the pair have
yet to win an appeal date and are living in legal limbo.
When the case of Lawal raised international controversy, Obasanjo told
the foreign media that he was confident that she would be cleared once
her appeal reached a federal court, but he defends the northern
states' rights to pass Sharia law into their penal codes.
Behind his caution, observers say, is not just a cynical electoral
calculation, but also a genuine concern that a federal attack on the
Sharia might re-ignite the angry tensions in the north.
[Zamfara] Persons found guilty of rigging during poll risk amputation
.. [The Guardian on Sunday] 06 Apr 03
The Zamfara State government has vowed to amputate the hand from the
wrist of anybody found guilty of rigging or stealing votes during
forth coming elections in the state.
[A member of the Zamfara State elders committee] said the decision was
in line with the Shari'ah legal system being implemented in the state
which teaches Justice, fear and equity among the entire community.
Anka who is a senator with the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP)
representing Zamfara West Senatorial District, said the punishment
will be executed on anybody irrespective of political party
His words: "we in Zamfara are determined to deal with anybody who is
involved in rigging or stealing the votes we will take him to Shari'ah
Court." "And in any case such would be treat like some one who have
stolen cow or someone else's property or money and you know what
Shari'ah says if you steal cow your hand would be cut-off."
Peshawar: Drug trafficking thru women on the rise 07 Apr 03
In past the number of women arrested under the Offence of Zina
(Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, 1979, outnumbered other women
prisoners, but now the situation had changed and the women arrested in
narcotics cases were more than those arrested in any other offence,
said a lawyer dealing in narcotics cases.
NWFP Diary: MMA Concerned Over Law & Order 08 Apr 03
Claims made by NWFP Chief Minister Akram Khan Durrani regarding
bettering the law and order situation in the province, so for, the
NWFP administration failed to lower down the crime tide going up
Everywhere during his tour to the main towns, chiefminister [Durrani]
has assured the people that the days of lawlessness had come to an
end. But, the incidents of kidnapping-for-ransom have multiplied,
robberies, dacoities and disappearance of minors have become the order
of the day. The police force, which is supposed to maintain the law
and order and take action against the criminals, issues a bundle of
handouts each day on its poor performance.
A high ranking government official on condition of anonymity told this
scribe that without streamlining the police department the MMA
government would not be able to enforce Shariat in the province.
It is high time for the government to depoliticise the police force to
maintain law and order and introduce an accountability mechanism to
burnish the police force.
Veil for women in NWFP to uproot obscenity: Minister 05 Apr 03
NWFP Information Minister, Asif Iqbal said that the women in the
province would be made bound to wear veils to root out obscenity from
the province. "Urdu has been declared official language of the
province and provision of free education up to matriculation, wearing
of veils by womenfolk, ban on the advertisement reflecting nude
pictures and reactivation of the Zakat system will be ensured", he
announced this while talking to the journalists here Saturday.
About Zakat system, he said government has taken several positive
steps to activate the system. Ahead of distribution of Zakat through
cheques, the beneficiary will be asked if he is entitled to Zakat or
"To ensure Islamic values take roots in the province, he said and
added the womenfolk will be made bound to wear veils so that the
obscenity could be curbed.
"Ban on printing of obscene pictures and advertisement in the
newspapers is included in the recommendations of the Sharia Council,
he disclosed. The campaign is underway with full force on extraction
of tape recorders from vehicles", he remarked .
[NWFP] JUI happy over blocking of porno sites 10 Apr 03
JUI [Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam] expressed satisfaction over the blockage of
1800 pornographic web sites has been imposed by the PTCL [largest ISP
in Pakistan]. JUI senator sahibzada khalid Jan, JUI district amir
mulligan hamidullah and Muhammad rasool expressed their concerns in a
press conference here the other day and termed the PTCL decision as a
good decision to block the 1800 pornographic web sites. They said that
the decision would reduce the sex sites watching.
[NWFP] BoK board of directors meets 10 Apr 03
The board of Directors of the Bank of Khyber (BoK), which met here
today under the Chairmanship of Senior Minister, Sirajul Haq, decided
to gradually convert the Bank into an Islamic one. For this purpose,
the Board approved the formation of a Shariah Supervisory Board
comprising of Prof. Khursheed Ahmed (Chairman), Mufti Ghulamur Rehman,
Mufti Muhammad Taqi Usmani, Dr. Mahmood Ahmed Ghazi and Dr. Shahid
Hassan Siddiqui. The Board decided that the first Islamic Branch of
the BoK would be established at Peshawar for which it sanctioned Rs.
50 million. After approving the Shariah Advisory Board and Rs. 50
million, the BoK has fulfilled all the legal formalities for opening
of an Islamic Branch at Peshawar. However, final approval for the
purpose will be sought from the State Bank of Pakistan. Addressing the
meeting, Sirajul Haq said that establishment of an Islamic Welfare
Society was prime objective of the MMA adding that practical steps
were being taken to ensure supremacy of law and merit at all levels.
He said that there was no room for Riba in Islam, therefore, he asked
bankers to utilize all their energies for the Islamization of banking
system so as to get rid the society of the menace of Riba.
[NWFP] Fazl criticized for Sharia delay 10 Apr 03
A spokesman for the Pakistan People's Party (PPP-Sherpao) on
lashed out at Maulana Fazlur Rehman, the Secretary-General of the
Mutahidda Majlis-e-Amal, for making excuses to enforce the Shariat in
Expressing astonishment over the alliance leader's statement in
he threatened to quit the Frontier government due to impediments being
created by the federal government in the way of implementation of
Islamic laws in the province, the spokesman not only challenged the
contention of the alliance leader but also rejected his allegations.
[NWFP] ANP hints at rift in MMA 10 Apr 03
Central Information Secretary of the Awami National Party (ANP) Haji
Muhammad Adeel has criticised the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal government
in the NWFP and said that despite tall claims of the enforcement of
Islamic Shariah in the province, they have totally failed to call the
The ANP leader said the government has also failed to present its
secret Shariah Bill before the people. He demanded that this bill
should be presented before the media so that the people might get
familiar with it.
Haji Adeel said if the MMA succeeded in banning Riba and use of wine
on the followers of other religions, and exempt the household cars and
property from tax, then the ANP would accept this as Shariah.
Peshawar : Man acquitted of rape charge 06 Apr 03
Misal Khan was accused in an FIR of molesting the 11-year-old girl
here at Tehkal on Aug 23, 2002. Fazal Bibi, mother of the victim, had
lodged the case under the Offence of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood)
Ordinance 1979. A medical investigation of the girl also proved that
she was sexually assaulted.
Advocate Shakeel Ahmad appeared for the defence and argued that there
was a conflict in statements of the victim and her mother. Misal Khan
was implicated in the case as there was no evidence on record against
him, he added.
The victim said she was playing with other children in front of her
house when Misal Khan, a resident of her village, came holding two
pigeons in his hands and said if she went with him to a hujra (guest
room), he would give her some pigeons. But in the hujra, she alleged,
the accused molested her.
http://www.dawn.com/2003/04/09/nat15.htm 06 Apr 03
AJK Shariat Court Chief Justice Syed Manzoor Hussain Gillani directed
the top officials of the AJK health department on Tuesday to depute
experienced , efficient and competent doctors conversant with the
medico-legal cases so that these are not hampered because of medical
officer's inefficiency and inaction.
The chief justice also took strong exception to what he observed was
worst kind of inefficiency and lack of expertise on the part of a
doctor, which had rendered it impossible for the investigating agency
(police) to reach any conclusion as well as for the court to decide
the matter at appropriate stage.
He made the observations and direction while disposing of a revision
petition by one Sakina Bibi, who had been arrested by the police on
March 16 for committing zina (adultery) with Mohammad Sadiq in a
quarter attached to the Abbas Institute of Medical Sciences,
During the hearing of the petition, the court was told that the female
medical officer, to whom the accused was referred to for medical
examination, had refused to reply to the questions by the
investigating agency on the plea that she could do so only after
receiving the report of the chemical examiner.
The petitioner's counsel had contended that in the absence of any
report her client could not be held guilty of the offence. However,
opposing the bail plea, the assistant advocate-general had contended
that the accused was arrested by the police in the presence of the
eyewitnesses and mere absence or non-existence of medical certificate
did not falsify the case.
On Tuesday, the FMO, Dr Nasreen Akhtar, informed the court that she
had examined Ms Sakina Bibi, but she said she was not supposed to
reply the police inquest unless she received the chemical examiner's
report. The AAG placed before the court the memo of inquest report
whereby three questions were asked to the FMO by the police but none
of them was replied by her.
When the chemical examiner was contacted, he stated that the specimen
sent to him did not carry the medico-legal certificate of the doctor,
the AAG said.
On further questioning, the FMO told the court that she had examined
the petitioner, but did not find any stain of semen or scratch or
anything on her body and, therefore, she was of the opinion that
sexual intercourse could not be said to have been committed.
Giving the benefit of doubt, the chief justice ordered the
petitioner's release from Central Jail, Muzaffarabad, provided she
furnished bail and personal bond in the sum of Rs 50,000 [Eur 800].
However, the chief justice said it would be open to the court to
recall the concession of bail on its own motion or on the application
of prosecution, if after examining the alleged eyewitnesses the court
came to the conclusion that the accused, prima facie, appeared
connected with the commission of offence.
Palestinian ban for leaders of UK and America 07 Apr 03
The Mufti of Jerusalem, the Palestinians' most senior Muslim cleric,
has issued a fatwa barring George Bush and Tony Blair from visiting
the "sacred holy land of Palestine". Sheikh Ikrimah Sabri, who is
appointed and paid by Yasser Arafat's Palestinian Authority, said
Muslims were obliged to rise in the face of the Anglo-American
"aggression". All Muslims, he insisted, were forbidden to assist the
Sheikh Sabri's fatwa was issued a week after the Greek Orthodox Bishop
of Bethlehem announced that the Allied leaders, both practising
Christians, would never be allowed to enter the Church of the
Nativity. The Greek Orthodox Church, the largest denomination among
Palestinian Christians, controls most of the 6th-century basilica,
built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian over the traditional
birthplace of Jesus.
Praying for Revenge 07 Apr 03
The Minister of Islamic Affairs, Sheikh Saleh Al-Sheikh, instructed
the imams all over the Kingdom who lead congregational prayers to
offer "qunoot" prayers for the welfare and protection of
decision followed a fatwa issued by the Kingdom's Grand Mufti,
Abdul Aziz Al-Sheikh, citing "the great calamity that has befallen
Muslims in Iraq and the mass killing of innocent women, children and
Offering "qunoot" prayers is a tradition with its roots in
the time of
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). However, listening to some imams
offering "qunoot" prayers, one gets the impression that they
seeking revenge instead of the welfare of their fellow Muslims. Islam
is not a religion which seeks revenge on those who do not follow it.
Rather, it guides and directs people to the right path.
Some "qunoot" prayers only harm us even if they are directed
enemy. One imam prays for the death of the enemy, for their children
to become orphans and their wives to become widows. Another prays for
the enemy's blood to freeze in the veins so they will wish they
dead rather than suffer so terribly.
Mortgages: Future is fixed rates 10 Apr 03
People buying specialist mortgage products, such as Islamic mortgages,
will no longer have to pay double stamp duty from December under plans
unveiled by Mr Brown yesterday as part of the Finance Bill to be
published next Wednesday.
Under sharia law, Muslims are not allowed to pay or receive interest.
Stamp duty is paid twice because to get around this problem, the
property is sold twice - once to the lender and again to the buyer. In
collecting instalments to repay the loan, the lender charges "rent",
rather than interest. Mr Brown also froze stamp duty.
Charity illegally pumped millions into Baghdad, investigators say
.. 06 Apr 03
Even as war rages in Iraq, federal agents have begun to unlock the
secrets of an unlicensed, unregistered Islamic charity in upstate New
York that allegedly pumped millions of dollars into Baghdad.
Flouting U.S. economic sanctions, the group shipped cash out of
Syracuse, laundered it in banks in Jordan and then illegally funneled
it into Iraq, according to an unsealed federal indictment.
Operating under the name Help the Needy, the organization described
itself as a tax-exempt nonprofit that provided food and humanitarian
assistance to the "starving children and suffering Muslims of Iraq."
But it lacked charitable status, misrepresented itself in appeals to
donors, never got a license to send aid to Iraq, as required by
federal law - and, more ominously, had ties to groups accused of
supporting al-Qaida, investigators say.
[Al-Jazeera] Ignorant by decree 10 Apr 03
Mideast government news agencies have kept their audiences ignorant.
But after Saddam, a free press will give Arabs their first taste of
Al-Jazeera, dubbed the Arab CNN, is among the most credible of Arab
broadcasters, and for this reason it has an immense following -- an
estimated 40 million viewers in the Arab world alone. But being among
the best of a bad lot isn't good enough. As Baghdad was falling, the
Arabs in the Middle East overwhelmingly believed that the coalition
forces were suffering major setbacks when they were not, that Iraqi
forces were holding up well when they were not, that civilian
casualties were high when they were not.
Many Arabs claim al-Jazeera brings balance to war reporting by
providing an Arab cheering section. But countering facts with fictions
only creates casualties among civilian viewers. Until Arabs have
access to a free and competitive press, they will be kept in
ignorance, not just about developments in the war in Iraq but about
the way the world actually works.
Throughout the Arab world today, a free press is an alien concept. The
government owns or controls almost all media -- most governments
appoint all newspaper editors, for example -- and considers the press
an arm of the regime. So does the Arab public. To most Arabs, who have
never experienced the West's rigorous reporting, investigative
journalism, and competition for the public's confidence that can only
come of a media not dominated by the government, it is inconceivable
that the western press can be trusted any more than the Arab press. In
Arabic, in fact, the word for "news media" (i'laam) is the same word
frequently used for "public relations."
Because Arabs have been kept ignorant by their government press, Arabs
understand little about the outside world that their repressive
governments don't want them to know. Arabs consequently cannot judge
the West's intentions for themselves, leading to misunderstandings and
Takaful concept based on mutual cooperation and support 07 Apr 03
Takaful in Arabic means, 'guaranteeing each other' or 'standing for
each other'. Though related to the field of Islamic finance, Takaful
is not a banking product but an alternative to insurance. For ease of
reference, it is Islamic Insurance.
Takaful can be described as an arrangement made by a group of people
with common interest to protect each other from certain defined
mishaps through a collective pooling of their financial resources.
Principles on which Takaful operates are approved under the Islamic
jurisprudence or Sharia guidelines and are more a consumer-driven
response to their needs rather than an exercise to make the
shareholders of an insurance company richer.
Characteristics of a Takaful Contract: As opposed to the exploitative
nature of a conventional insurance contract, the takaful contract is
known to have the following user-friendly characteristics:
* It is based on principles of co-operation, solidarity and mutual
* It avoids elements of interest (Riba) and uncertainty (Gharar).
* The premium charged is commensurate with the cost of risk plus
reasonable amount for meeting operational expenses.
* It complies with all Sharia requirements, including but not limited
to fair play with all participants, especially in the event of loss.
Since the concept of takaful is close to the insurance, which is prone
to the elements of speculation, uncertainty and gambling, all takaful
activities are closely supervised and contracts carefully developed by
the committee to ensure that Sharia principles are upheld at all
A takaful company does not have policyholders. It has Contributors or
Participants as they are participating jointly in a takaful fund for
their mutual benefit. They are owners of the fund and the Company
manages and operates takaful fund on their behalf.
[Malaysia] Restructuring pays off for JCorp 08 Apr 03
.. [New Straits Times - Management]
Under the restructuring, JCorp had converted its debt amounting to RM
3.4 billion [EUR 833 mill] into three major financial instruments.
The first, involving RM 2.75 billion [EUR 675 mill.], comprises a
long-term Guaranteed Redeemable Islamic Bond based on the Syariah
principle of 'Al-Bai Bithaman Ajil'.
The second scheme involved RM 230.34 million of Redeemable Secured
Certificates (RSCs), also based on the Syariah principles of 'Al-Bai
Bithaman Ajil'' with a maturity period of five, seven and 10 years.
Under the third scheme, JCorp secured RM 400 million of 10-year
working capital under the Syariah principle known as "Murabahah''
The restructuring enabled KPJ's paid-up capital to be raised to more
than RM 200 million, making it the single largest healthcare entity
with a 14 per cent market share of the private healthcare industry.
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